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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK VIII. THE NATURE OF THE TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS., CHAP. 84. (59.)—ANIMALS WHICH INJURE STRANGERS ONLY, AS ALSO ANIMALS WHICH INJURE THE NATIVES OF THE COUNTRY ONLY, AND WHERE THEY ARE FOUND. (search)
eratus Columella. He was a native of Gades, or Cadiz, and was a contemporary of Celsus and Seneca. He is supposed to have resided at Rome, and from his works it appears that he visited Syria and Cilicia. It has been conjectured that he died at Tarentum. His great work is a systematic treatise upon Agriculture, divided into Twelve Books. Virgil,See end of B. vii. Varro,See end of B. ii. Lucilius,C. Lucilius, the first Roman satirical poet of any importance, was born B.C. 148, and died B. C. 103. From Juvenal we learn that he was born at Suessa of the Aurunci, and from Velleius Paterculus and Horace other particulars respecting him. He is supposed to have been either the maternal grand-uncle or maternal grandfather of Pompeius Magnus. If not absolutely the inventor of Roman satire, he was the first to mould it into that form which was afterwards fully developed by Horace, Juvenal, and Perseus. He is spoken of in high terms as a writer by Cicero. Horace, and Quintilian. Metellus Scipi
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Chapter 1 (search)
contemnenda: cf. note on p. 53, l. 30. fanorum, shrines: the word indicates the consecrated spot rather than the temple or altar erected upon it. nisi forte: introducing, as usual, an absurd supposition. desierunt, ceased, i.e. by the transference of the courts to the Senators. Crasso: L. Licinius Crassus, the famous orator, and Quintus Scaevola, pontifex maximus, the famous jurist and statesman, were close friends, and colleagues in nearly every office. They were curule aediles, B.C. 103, and gave the first exhibition of lion-fights. The splendor of their aedileship was the work of Crassus, a man of elegant and luxurious tastes, while Scaevola was moderate and simple in his habits. Claudio: probably a brother of Claudia, the wife of Tiberius Gracchus. In his aedileship, B.C. 99, he exhibited fights of elephants. commercium: Crassus and Claudius would have bought such objects of art if anybody could have done it. fuisse, sc. commercium. referri, be entered, has for
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, L. APPULEIUS SATURNINUS, DOMUS (search)
L. APPULEIUS SATURNINUS, DOMUS destroyed, like that of M. Fulvius Flaccus, after the murder of its owner, who was tribune in 103 and 100 B.C. (Val. Max. vi. 3. 1 c). Its site is unknown.
Cicero himself speaks of him as a light-minded man. He accused, but unsuccessfully, Q. Mucius Scaevola, the augur, of maladministration (repetundae) in his province. (Brut. 26, De Orat. 2.70.) In B. C. 105 Albucius was praeter in Sardinia, and in consequence of some insignificant success which he had gained over some robbers, he celebrated a triumph in the province. On his return to Rome, he applied to the senate for the honour of a supplicatio, but this was refused, and he was accused in B. C. 103 of repetundae by C. Julius Caesar, and condemned. Cn. Pompeius Strabo had offered himself as the accuser, but he was not allowed to conduct the prosecution, because he had been the quaestor of Albucius. (De Prov. Cons. 7, in Pison. 38, Div. in Caecil. 19, de Off. 2.14.) After his condemnation, he retired to Athens and pursued the study of philosophy. (Tusc. 5.37.) He left behind him some orations, which had been read by Cicero. (Brut. 35.) Varro (de Re Rust. 3.2.17) speaks of some satire
Apollo'nius 5. One of the principal leaders during the revolt of the slaves in Sicily, which had been brought about by one Titus Minucius, in B. C. 103. The senate sent L. Lucullus with an army against him, and by bribes and the promise of impunity he induced Apollonius to betray the other leaders of the insurrection, and to aid the Romans in suppressing it. (Diod. xxxvi. Edoj. 1. p.529, &c.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Biba'culus, M. Fu'rius who is classed by Quintilian (10.1.96) along with Catullus and Horace as one of the most distinguished of the Roman satiric iambographers, and who is in like manner ranked by Diomedes, in his chapter on iambic verse (p. 482, ed. Putsch.) with Archilochus and Hipponax, among the Greeks, and with Lucilius, Catullus, and Horace, among the Latins, was born, according to St. Jerome in the Eusebian chronicle, at Cremona in the year B. C. 103. Works From the scanty and unimportant specimens of his works transmitted to modern times, we are scarcely in a condition to form any estimate of his powers. Light or sarcastic poetry A single senarian is quoted by Suetonius (de Illustr. Gr. 100.9), containing an allusion to the loss of memory sustained in old age by the famous Orbilius Pupillus; and the same author (100.11) has preserved two short epigrams in hendecasyllabic measure, not remarkable for good taste or good feeling, in which Bibaculus sneers at the poverty to
Caesar 10. C. JULIUS SEX. N. CAESAR STRABO VOPISCUS, L. F. (comp. Cic. Phil. 11.5; Varro, R. R. i. 7.10; Plin. Nat. 17.3. s. 4), son of No. 8, and brother of No. 9. He commenced his public career in B. C. 103, when still young, by accusing T. Albucius, who had been praetor in Sicily, of extortion (repetundae) in that province : Cn. Pompeius Strabo, who had been quaestor to Albucius, wished to conduct the prosecution, but was obliged to give way to Caesar. Albucius was condemned, and the speech which Caesar delivered on this occasion was much admired, and was afterwards closely imitated by his great namesake, the dictator, in the speech which he delivered upon the appointment of an accuser against Dolabella. (Suet. Jul. 55.) He was curule aedile in B. C. 90 in the consulship of his brother, and not in the following year, as some modern writers state; for we are told, that he was aedile in the tribuneship of C. Curio, which we know was in the year 90. In B. C. 88 he became a candidate
Ci'cero 3. L. Tullius Cicero, brother of the foregoing. He accompained M. Antonius the orator to Cilicia in B. C. 103 as a private friend, and remained with him in the province until his return the following year. He must have lived for a considerable time after this period, since he was in the habit of giving his nephew many particulars with regard to the pursuits of Antonius. (De Orat. 2.1.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
A. Clue'ntius Ha'bitus 2. Son of the foregoing and his wife Sassia, was also a native of Larinum, born about B. C. 103. (Pro Cluent. 5.) In B. C. 74, being at Rome, he accused his own stepfather, Statius Albius Oppianicus, of having attempted to procure his death by poison. The cause was heard before a certain C. Junius during a period when a strong feeling prevailed with regard to the venality of the criminal judices, who were at that epoch selected from the senate exclusively. Shortly before the trial, a report was spread abroad, and gained general credit, that bribery had been extensively practised by those interested in the result. Accordingly, when a verdict of guilty was pronounced by a very small majority, including several individuals of notoriously bad character, when it became known that one of the concilium had been irregularly introduced, and had voted against the defendant without hearing the evidence, and when, above all, it was ascertained beyond a doubt that one of th
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
to the knights. Much error has arisen from the existence of two laws of the same name and of nearly the same date, but exactly opposite in their enactments. The speech of Ceasgus for the lex Servilia of Caepio was one of remarkable power and eloquence (Cic. Brut. 43, de Orat. 1.52), and expressed the strength of his devotion to the aristocratic party. It was probably in this speech that he attacked Memmius (Cic. de Orat. 2.59, 66) who was a strenuous opponent of the rogation of Caepio. In B. C. 103 he was curule aedile, and with his colleague, Q. Scaevola, gave splendid games, in which pillars of foreign marble were exhibited, and lion fights were introduced. (Cic. de Off. 2.16; Plin. Nat. 36.3, 8.16. s.20.) After being praetor and augur, he became a candidate for the consulship, but he studiously kept away from the presence of his father-in-law, Q Scaevola, the augur, not wishing that one whom he so respected should be a witness of what he considered the degradation of his canvass.
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