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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Numidian Affairs (ed. Horace White), chapter 1 (search)
that famous saying about bribetakers, that "the whole city of Rome could be bought if a purchaser could be found for it." FROM PEIRESC Y.R. 645 Metellus went back to the African province, where he B.C. 109 was accused by the soldiers of slothfulness toward the enemy and of cruelty toward his own men, because he punished offenders severely. FROM PEIRESC Y.R. 646 Metellus put the whole senate of Vacca to death because B.C. 108 they had betrayed the Roman garrison to Jugurtha, and with them, also, Turpilius, the prefect of the guard, a Roman citizen, who was under suspicion of being in league with the enemy. After Jugurtha had delivered up to Metellus certain Thracian and Ligurian deserters, the latter cut off the hands of some, and others he buried in the earth up to their stomachs, and after transfixing them with arrows and darts set fire to them while they were still alive. FROM "THE EMBASSIE
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HORREA GALBAE (search)
HORREA GALBAE warehouses in the district known as PRAEDIA GALBANA (q.v.) between the south-west side of the Aventine and the Tiber. Here was the tomb of Ser. Sulpicius Galba, consul in 144 or 108 B.C. (CIL i². 695=vi. 31617; cf. NS 1885, 527; BC 1885, 165; Mitt. 1886, 62), and about that time, or before the end of the republic, the horrea were built and called Sulpicia (Hor. Carm. iv. 12. 18) or Galbae (Porphyr. ad loc.; Chron. p. 146; CIL vi. 9801, 33743; xiv. 20; cf. Galbeses, vi. 30901; Galbienses, vi. 710=30817; Not. Reg. XIII: Galbes, 33886; IG xiv. 956 A. 29: e)pi\ tw=| *ga/lbh| ). Other forms of the name are horrea Galbana (Not. dign. occ. iv. 15 Seeck; CIL vi. 338=30740) and Galbiana (vi. 236, 30855, 33906). They were enlarged or restored by the Emperor Galba and therefore, in later times, their erection seems to have been ascribed to him (Chron. 146: (Galba) domum suum deposuit et horrea Galbae instituit (cf. CIL vi. 8680=33743 [Bonae Deae Cf. ib. 30855, a dedication t
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SEP. GALBAE (search)
SEP. GALBAE the tomb of Ser. Sulpicius Galba, consul in 144 or, more probably, 108 B.C., in the district belonging to the family between the south-west side of the Aventine and the Tiber, where the HORREA GALBAE (q.v.) were afterwards built. The tomb, a simple rectangular structure of tufa with a cornice of peperino, was found in 1885 in the Via Giovanni Branca, just north of the later buildings of the horrea and perhaps enclosed within them, on the south side of an ancient road (BC 1885, 165-166; NS 1885, 527; Mitt. 1886, 62, 71 HJ 175). It is now in the Museo Municipale (Antiquario) on the Caelian; see CIL i². 695 =vi. 31617.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'pater of SIDON (search)
Anti'pater of SIDON (*)Anti/patros), of SIDON, the author of several epigrams in the Greek Anthology, appears, from a passage of Cicero (Cic. de Orat. 3.50), to have been contemporary with Q. Catullus (consul B. C. 102), and with Crassus (quaestor in Macedonia B. C. 106). The many minute references made to him by Meleager, who also wrote his epitaph, would seem to shew that Antipater was an elder contemporary of this poet, who is known to have flourished in the 170th Olympiad. From these circumstances he may be placed at B. C. 108-100. He lived to a great age. Further Information Plin. Nat. 7.52 ; Cic. de Fat. 3; V. Max. 1.8.16, ext.; Jacobs, Anthol. xiii. p. 847.[P.
. ii. p. 268, ed. Benedict.), that his patience was also recounted in the lost treatise de Consolatione. His corporeal blindness did not quench his intellectual vision. Bereaved of sight and advanced in age, he still attended his duties, and spoke in the senate, and found means to write a Grecian history. Cicero states (Tusc. Disp. 5.38), that he also gave advice to his friends (nec amicis deliberantibus deerat); and, on account of this expression, he has been ranked by some legal biographers among the Roman jurists. In his old age, he adopted Cn. Aurelius Orestes, who consequently took the name of Aufidius in place of Aurelius. This precedent has been quoted (Cic. pro Dom. 13) to shew that the power of adopting does not legally depend on the power of begetting children. Aufidius was quaestor B. C. 119, tribunus plebis, B. C. 114, and finally praetor B. C. 108, about two years before the birth of Cicero, who, as a boy, was acquainted with the old blind scholar. (De Fin. 5.19.) [J.T.G]
Bocchus (*Bo/kxos). 1. A king of Mauretania, who acted a prominent part in the war of the Romans against Jugurtha. He was a barbarian without any principles, assuming alternately the appearance of a friend of Jugurtha and of the Romans, as his momentary inclination or avarice dictated; but he ended his prevarication by betraying Jugurtha to the Romans. In B. C. 108, Jugurtha, who was then hard pressed by the proconsul Q. Metellus, applied for assistance to Bocchus, whose daughter was his wife. Bocchus complied the more readily with this request, since at the beginning of the war he had made offers of alliance and friendship to the Romans, which had been rejected. But when Q. Metellus also sent an embassy to him at the same time, Bocchus entered into negotiations with him likewise, and in consequence of this the war against Jugurtha was almost suspended so long as Q. Metellus had the command. When in B. C. 107, C. Marius came to Africa as the successor of Metellus, Bocchus sent seve
BOMILCAR 4. A Numidian, deep in the confidence of Jugurtha, by whom he was employed on many secret services. In particular, when Jugurtha was at Rome, in B. C. 108, Bomilcar undertook and effected for him the assassination of Massiva, who happened to be at Rome at the same time, and who, as well as Jugurtha himself, was a grandson of Masinissa, and a rival claimant to the throne of Numidia. The murder was discovered and traced to Bomilcar, who was obliged to enter into large recognizances to appear and stand his trial; but, before the trial came on, his master privately sent him back to Africa. (Sal. Jug. 35; comp. Liv. Epit. 64.) In the ensuing year, we find him commanding a portion of Jugurtha's army, with which he was defeated in a skirmish at the river Muthul by Rutilius, lieutenant of Metellus. (Sal. Jug. 49, 52, 53.) In the winter of the same year Metellus, after his unsuccessful attempt on Zama, engaged Bomilcar by promises of Roman favour to deliver Jugurtha to him alive or d
Cae'pio 7. Q. Servilius Cn. N. Caepio, Q. F., son of No. 6, was praetor about B. C. 110, and obtained the province of Further Spain, as we learn from the triumphal Fasti, that he triumphed over the Lusitanians, as propraetor, in B. C. 108. His triumph is mentioned by Valerius Maximus (6.9.13); but Eutropius (4.27) is the only writer, as far as we are aware, who refers to his victories in Lusitania. He was consul, B. C. 106, with C. Atilius Serranus, and proposed a law for restoring the judicia to the senators, of which they had been deprived by the Sempronia lex of C. Gracchus. That this was the object of Caepio's law, appears tolerably certain from a passage of Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 12.60); though many modern writers have inferred, from Julius Obsequens (100.101), that his law opened the judicia to the senate and the equites in common. It seems, however, that this law was repealed shortly afterwards. As the Cimbri and Teutones were threatening Italy, Caepio received the province of G
Galba 7. SER. SULPICIUS, SER. F. SER. N. GALBA, a son of No. 6, succeeded Calpurnius Piso as praetor in Spain, and was consul in B. C. 108; and in 100, during the disturbances of Appuleius Saturninus, he took up arms to defend the republic against the revolutionists. (Appian, Hispua. 99 ; J. Obseq. 100; Cic. pro Rab. perd. 7.)
Gauda a Numidian, was son of Mastanabal, grandson of Masinissa, and half-brother to Jugurtha and had been named by his uncle Micipsa as heir to the kingdom, should Adherbal, Hiempsal, and Jugurtha die without issue. In the Jugurthine thine war he joined the Romans. Sallust represents him as weak alike in body and in mind; and Marius therefore, when (in B. C. 108) he was endeavouring to form a party for himself against Metellus, whom he wished to supersede in the command, had little difficulty in gaining Gauda, to whom Metellus had refused certain marks of honour to which, as king-presumptive, the Numidian conceived himself entitled. (Sal. Jug. 65; comp. Plut. Mar. 7, 8.) [E.E]
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