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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 20 20 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VENUS VERTICORDIA, AEDES (search)
VENUS VERTICORDIA, AEDES a temple built in 114 B.C., in accordance with instructions of the Sibylline books, to atone for a case of incest among the Vestals and a prodigium that followed the acquittal of two at the first trial (Obseq. 37 (97); Lydus de mens. iv. 15; Ov. Fast. iv. 157-160; cf. Oros. v. 15. 22). The epithet referred to the power of the goddess to turn the mind from lust to purity (Ov. loc. cit.; Val. Max. viii. 15. 12). The day of dedication was 1st April (CIL i². p. 314; Ov. Fast. iv. 133 ff.; Lydus, loc. cit.; Macrob. i. 12. 15). Servius speaks of a fanum Veneris Verticordiae in the vallis Murciae (Aen. viii. 636), but seems to be confusing the shrine of this goddess with that of Venus Murcia. This may show that the former was near the latter; if not, there is no indication of its location. The statue of the goddess is shown in coins of about 46 B.C. of M. Cordius Rufus (BM. Rep. i. 523. 4037-9). About a century earlier Sulpicia (RE vii. 246), the wife of Q. Fulvi
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
s Aqua Marcia, 24. 142Temple of Hercules Victor dedicated, 256. Wooden arches of Pons Aemilius built, 397: and Janiculum fortified, 275. Ceiling of Capitoline Temple gilded, 298. 138Temple of Mars in Circus Flaminius, 328. 125Aqua Tepula built, 27. 123Vestal dedicates shrine of Bona Dea Subsaxana, 85. 121Temple of Concord restored, 138. Basilica Opimia built, 81, 232. Fornix Fabianus, 211. 117Temple of Castor restored, 103. 115of Fides restored, 209. of Mens restored, 339. 114of Venus Verticordia, 554. 111of Magna Mater burnt and rebuilt, 324, 377. 110Porticus Minucia paved, 424. 102Porticus Catuli built, 421. 101Temple of Fortuna huiusce diei vowed, 216. 100(ca.). Horrea Galbae, 261. (ca.). Arch at mouth of Cloaca Maxima, 127. (ca.). Upper room of Carcer, ioo. Marius: Trophies of victory in Area Capitolina, 49, 541; builds Temple of Honos and Virtus Mariana, 259. 93Part of the Capitoline hill sold, 97. 91Temple of Pietas struck by lightning, 389. 90Ju
Aemi'lia 5. A vestal virgin, who was put to death B. C. 114 for having committed incest upon several occasions. She induced two of the other vestal virgins, Marcia and Licinia, to commit the same crime, but these two were acquitted by the pontifices, when Aemilia was condemned, but were subsequently condemned by the praetor L. Cassius. (Plut. Quaest. Rom. p. 284; Liv. Epit. 63 ; Orosius, 5.15; Ascon. in Cic. Mil. p. 46, ed. Orelli.)
some points from the preceding narrative, is taken from St. Martin, and is founded upon the Armenian histories of Moses Chorenensis and Faustus Byzantinus, compared with the Greek and Roman authors. A. The first or elder Branch in Armenia Magna. B. C. 149. Valarsaces or Wagharshag I., founder of the Armenian dynasty of the Arsacidae, established on the throne of Armenia by his brother, Mithridates Arsaces [ARSACES VI.] king of the Parthians. --B. C. 127. Arsaces or Arshag I., his son.--B. C. 114. Artaces, Artaxes, or Ardashes I., his son.--B. C. 89. Tigranes or Dikran I. (II.), his son.--B. C. 36. Artavasdes or Artawazt I., his son.--B. C. 30. Artaxes II., his son.--B. C. 20. Tigranes II., brother of Artaxes II.--B. C. .... Tigranes III.--B. C. 6. Artavasdes II.--B. C. 5. Tigranes III. reestablished.--B. C. 2. Erato, queen. A. D. 2. Ariobarzanes, a Parthian prince, established by the Romans.--A. D. 4. Artavasdes III. or Artabases, his Son.--A. D. 5. Erato re-established ; death
. ii. p. 268, ed. Benedict.), that his patience was also recounted in the lost treatise de Consolatione. His corporeal blindness did not quench his intellectual vision. Bereaved of sight and advanced in age, he still attended his duties, and spoke in the senate, and found means to write a Grecian history. Cicero states (Tusc. Disp. 5.38), that he also gave advice to his friends (nec amicis deliberantibus deerat); and, on account of this expression, he has been ranked by some legal biographers among the Roman jurists. In his old age, he adopted Cn. Aurelius Orestes, who consequently took the name of Aufidius in place of Aurelius. This precedent has been quoted (Cic. pro Dom. 13) to shew that the power of adopting does not legally depend on the power of begetting children. Aufidius was quaestor B. C. 119, tribunus plebis, B. C. 114, and finally praetor B. C. 108, about two years before the birth of Cicero, who, as a boy, was acquainted with the old blind scholar. (De Fin. 5.19.) [J.T.G]
Balbus 2. M'. Acilius Balbus, M. F. L. N., consul B. C. 114. (Obsequ. 97; Plin. Nat. 2.29, 56. s. 57.) It is doubtful to which of the Acilii Balbi the annexed coin is to be referred. The obverse has the inscription BA(L)BVS, with the head of Pallas, before which is X. and beneath ROMA, the whole within a laurel garland. On the reverse we have MV. ACILI, with Jupiter and Victory in a quadriga. II. T. Ampius Balbus, plebeian, tribune of the plebs B. C. 63, proposed, in conjunction with his colleague T. Labienus, that Pompey, who was then absent from Rome, should, on account of his Asiatic victories, be allowed to wear a laurel-crown and all the insignia of a triumph in the Circensian games, and also a laurel crown and the praetexta in the scenic games. (Vell. 2.40.) He failed in his first attempt to obtain the aedileship, although he was supported by Pompey (Schol. Bob. pro Planc. p. 257, ed. Orelli); but he appears to have been praetor in B. C. 59), as we find that he was gover
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cato, Po'rcius 5. C. Porcius Cato, younger son of Cato Licinianus [No. 2], is mentioned by Cicero as a middling orator. (Brut. 28.) Ill his youth he was a follower of Tib. Gracchus. In B. C. 114, he was consul with Acilius Balbus, and in the same year obtained Macedonia as his province. In Thrace, he fought unsuccessfully against the Scordisci. His army was cut off in the mountains, and he himself escaped with difficulty, though Ammianus Marcellinus erroneously states that he was slain. (27.4.4.) Disappointed of booty in war, he endeavoured to indemnify himself by extortions in Macedonia. For this he was accused and sentenced to pay a fine. Afterwards, he appears to have served as a legate in the war with Jugurtha in Africa, where he was won over by the king. In order to escape condemnation on this charge, in B. C. 110, he went to Tarraco in Spain, and became a citizen of that town. (Cic. pro Balb. 11.) He has been sometimes confounded with his elder brother. (Vell. 2.8; Eutrop. 4.24
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus preferred the quest of popularity to the reputation of consistent adherence to the aristocracy. (Cic. Brut. 43, de Off 2.18.) By eloquence above his years, he succeeded in carrying the law, and proceeded himself to found the colony. In B. C. 114, he undertook the defence of his kinswoman, the vestal Licinia, who, with two other vestals, Marcia and Aemilia, were accused of incest ; but, though upon a former trial his client had been acquitted by L. Caecilius Mettius, pontifex maximus, ao prevail against the severity of L. Cassius, the scopulus reorum, who was appointed inquisitor by the people for the purpose of reviewing the former lenient sentence. (Vell. 1.15; Cic. de Orat. 2.55, de Off. 2.18; Macrob. 1.10; Clinton, Fasti, B. C. 114; Ascon. in Mil. p. 46, ed. Orelli.) In his quaestorship he was the colleague of Q. Mucius Scaevola, with whom, as colleague, be served every other office except the tribunate of the plebs and the censorship. In his quaestorship he travelled th
hed over them. (Cic. in Pison. 25.) According to the narrative of Florus, this victory was gained soon or immediately after the defeat of the consult C. Cato, in B. C. 114, and was followed bv the victri es of M. Livius Drusus and M. Minncius Rufus. It has, therefore, been supposed that at the time of Cato's defeat, B. C. 114, T. B. C. 114, T. Didius was praetor of Illyricum, and that in this capacity he repelled the Scordiscans, who, after having defeated Cato, ranged over Macedonia. But this supposition is not without its difficulties, for in the first place, we know of no war in Illyricum at that time which might have required the presence of a praetor, and in the second place, it would be rather strange to find that T. Didius, who was praetor B. C. 114, did not obtain the consulship till 15 years later, especially as he had gained a victory and a triumph in his praetorship, whereas the ordinary interval between the praetorship and consulship is only the space of two years. According to Cicero
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Gnipho, M. Anto'nius a distinguished Roman rhetorician, who lived in the last century before the Christian aera. He was born in B. C. 114, and was a native of Gaul, but studied at Alexandria. He was a man of great talent and extraordinary memory, and was thoroughly acquainted with Greek as well as Roman literature, and he is further praised as a person of a kind and generous disposition. After his return from Alexandria, he taught rhetoric at first in the house of J. Caesar, who was then a boy, and afterwards set up a school in his own house. He gave instruction in rhetoric every day, but declaimed only on the nundines. Many men of eminence are said to have attended his lectures, and among them Cicero, when he was praetor. He died in his fiftieth year, and left behind him many works, though Ateius Capito maintained that the only work written by him was De Latino Sermone, in two books, and that the other treatises bearing his name were productions of his disciples. (Suet. De Illustr.
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