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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
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Appian, Wars in Spain (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XI (search)
illed many of his men, after which he wintered at Corduba.The text of sec. 65 concludes with words which are repeated near the end of sec. 68, viz.: "having already been two years in the command. Having performed these labors, Æmilianus returned to Rome and was succeeded in the command by Quintus Pompeius Aulus." Schweighäuser considered the text corrupt in both places and cast it out altogether from sec. 65. Y.R. 611 Now Viriathus, being not so confident as before, detached B.C. 143 the Arevaci, Titthi, and Belli, very warlike peoples, from their allegiance to the Romans, and these began to wage another war on their own account which was long and tedious to the Romans, and which was called the Numantine war from one of their cities. I shall give an account of this after finishing the war with Viriathus. The latter coming to an engagement in another part of Spain with Quintus, another Roman general, and being worsted, returned to the Venus mountain. From this he sallied a
Appian, Wars in Spain (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XIII (search)
CHAPTER XIII The Numantine War -- Pompeius Aulus lays Siege to Numantia -- Makes a Treaty with the Numantines -- The Senate repudiates it -- Mancinus makes a Fresh Treaty -- Æmilius Lepidus makes War Contrary to Orders of the Senate -- The Senate repudiates the Treaty of Mancinus Y.R. 611 Our history returns to the war against the Arevaci B.C. 143 and the Numantines, whom Viriathus stirred up to revolt. Cæcilius Metellus was sent against them from Rome with a larger army and he subdued the Arevaci, falling upon them suddenly while they were gathering their crops. There still remained the two towns of Termantia and Numantia to engage his attention. Numantia was difficult of access by reason of two rivers and the ravines and dense woods that surrounded it. There was only one road to the open country and that had been blocked by ditches and palisades. The Numantines were first-rate soldiers, both horse and foot, there being about 8000 altogether. Although small i
Anti'stia 1. Wife of Ap. Claudius, Cos. B. C. 143, and mother-in-law of Tib. Gracchus. (Plut. TG 4.)
Anto'nius 8. M. Antonius, the orator, was born B. C. 143. (Cic. Brut. 43.) He was quaestor in 113, and praetor in 104, and received the province of Cilicia with the title of proconsul in order to prosecute the war against the pirates. In consequence of his successes he obtained a triumph in 102. (Plut. Pomp. 24; Fast. Triumph.) He was consul in 99 with A. Albinus [see ALBINUS, No. 22], and distinguished himself by resisting the attempts of Saturninus and his party, especially an agrarian law of the tribune Sex. Titius. He was censor in 97, and, while censor, was accused of bribery by M. Duronius, but was acquitted. He commanded in the Marsic war a part of the Roman army. Antonius belonged to the aristocratical party, and espoused Sulla's side in the first civil war. He was in consequence put to death by Marius and Cinna when they obtained possession of Rome in 87. He was in the city at the time, and the soldiers sent to murder him hesitated to do their errand through the moving eloqu
w years after the fall of Corinth. Further particulars are not mentioned about him. We know that one of his historical works (the xronika/) came down to the year B. C. 143, and that it was dedicated to Attalus II., surnamed Philadelphus, who died in B. C. 138; but how long Apollodorus lived after the year B. C. 143 is unknown. WoB. C. 143 is unknown. Works Apollodorus wrote a great number of works, and on a variety of subjects, which were much used in antiquity, but all of them have perished with the exception of one, and even this one has not come down to us complete. *Biblioqh/khThis work is not now thought to be by Apollodorus and we label the author Pseudo-Apollodorus -- GXronika\ or xronikh\ su/ntacis, was a chronicle in iambic verses, comprising the history of 1040 years, from the destruction of Troy (1184) down to his own time, B. C. 143. This work, which was again a sort of continuation of the Bibliotheca, thus completed the history from the origin of the gods and the world down to his own time.
btless mentioned as a reproach. (See Stallbaum's note.) Aristotle, too, calls him a sophist (Metaphys. 2.2), and notices a story of Plato speaking to him with rather undue vehemence, and of his replying with calmness. (Rhet. 2.23.) He imparted his doctrine to his daughter Arete, by whom it was communicated to her son, the younger Aristippus (hence called *mhtrodi/daktos), and by him it is said to have been reduced to a system. Laertius, on the authority of Sotion (B. C. 205) and Panactius (B. C. 143), gives a long list of books whose authorship is ascribed to Aristippus, though he also says that Sosicrates of Rhodes (B. C. 255) states, that he wrote nothing. Among these are treatises *Peri\ *Paidei/as, *Peri\ *)Areth=s, *Peri\ *Tu/xhs, and many others. Some epistles attributed to him are deservedly rejected as forgeries by Bentley. (Dissertation on Phalaris, &c. p. 104.) One of these is to Arete, and its spuriousness is proved, among other arguments, by the occurrence in it of the na
ve meant merely to demonstrate his position, that physiology is above the human intellect, by shewing the impossibility of certainly attributing to this pantheistic essence, form, senses, or life. (Brucker, Hist. Crit. Phil. 2.2, 9; Ritter, Geschichte der Phil. 11.5, 1.) Ariston is the founder of a small school, opposed to that of Herillus, and of which Diogenes Laertius mentions Diphilus and Miltiades as members. We learn from Athenaeus (vii. p. 281), on the authority of Eratosthenes and Apollophanes, two of his pupils, that in his old age he abandoned himself to pleasure. He is said to have died of a coup de soleil. Works Diogenes (l.c.) gives a list of his works, but says, that all of them, except the Letters to Cleanthes, were attributed by Panaetius (B. C. 143) and Sosicrates (B. C. 200-128) to another Ariston, a Peripatetic of Ceos, with whom he is often confounded. Nevertheless, we find in Stobaeus (Serm. 4.110, &c.) fragments of a work of his called o(moiw/mata. [G.E.L.C]
Caeci'lia or METELLA, 1. and 2. Daughters of Q. Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus, consul B. C. 143, one of whom married C. Servilius Vatia, and was by him the mother of P. Servilius Vatia Isauricus, consul in 79, and the other P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica, consul in 111, and was the grandmother of Q. Metellus Pius Scipio, consul in 52. (Cic. pro Dom. 47, post Red. ad Quir. 3, Brut. 58.)
Caesar 14. C. Julius Caesar, the grandfather of the dictator, as we learn from the Fasti. It is quite uncertain who the father of this Caius was. Drumann conjectures, that his father may have been a son of No. 4 and a brother of No. 6, and perhaps the C. Julius, the senator, who is said to have written a Roman history in Greek, about B. C. 143. (Liv. Edit. 53.) We know nothing more of the grandfather of the dictator, except that he married Marcia, whence his grandson traced his descent from the king Ancus Marcius. (Suet. Jul. 6.) It is conjectured by some writers, that the praetor Caesar, who died suddenly at Rome, is the same as the subject of the present notice. (Plin. Nat. 7.53. s. 54.)
Clau'dius 25. APP. CLAUDIUS APP. F. APP. N. PULCHER, son of No. 20. He was consul in B. C. 143, and, to obtain a pretext for a triumph, attacked the Salassi, an Alpine tribe. He was at first defeated, but afterwards, following the directions of the Sibylline books, gained a victory. (Frontin. de Aquaed. 7; Dio Cass. Fragm. lxxix. lxxx.; Oros. 5.4.) On his return a triumph was refused him ; but he triumphed at his own expense, and when one of the tribunes attempted to drag him from his car, his daughter Claudia, one of the Vestal virgins, walked by his side up to the capitol. (Cic. pro Cael. 14; Sueton. Tib. 2.) Next year he was an unsuccessful candidate for the censorship, though he afterwards held that office with Q. Fulvius Nobilior, probably in 136. (Dio Cass. Fragm. lxxxiv.; Plut. TG 4.) He gave one of his daughters in marriage to Tib. Gracchus, and in B. C. 133 with Tib. and C. Gracchus was appointed commissioner for the division of the lands. (Liv. Epit. 58; Orelli, Inscr. No.
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