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CHAPTER IX The Belli and the Titthi -- Beginning of the Numantine War -- Claudius Marcellus in Spain -- Makes an Armistice -- Licinius Lucullus succeeds Him-His Infamous Conduct -- Scipio Africanus the Younger -- Retreat of the Romans Y.R. 600 Some years later another serious war broke out in B.C. 154 Spain for the following reason: Segeda, a large and powerful city of a Celtiberian tribe called the Belli, was included in the treaties made by Gracchus. It persuaded some of the smaller towns to settle in its own borders, and then surrounded itself with a wall forty stades in circumference. It also forced the Titthi, a neighboring tribe, to join in the undertaking. When the Senate learned this it forbade the building of the wall, demanded the tribute imposed by Gracchus, and ordered the inhabitants to furnish a contingent for the Roman army, for this was one of the stipulations of the treaty made with Gracchus. As to the wall they replied that the Celtiberians w
Marseilles Complains about the Ligurians This year there came ambassadors also from the people of B. C. 155. The Ligurians harass Marseilles and besiege Antibes and Nice. Marseilles, who had long been suffering from the Ligurians, and at that time were being closely invested by them, while their cities of Antipolis and Nicaea were also subjected to a siege. They, therefore, sent ambassadors to Rome to represent the state of things and beg for help. On their being admitted, the Senate decided to send legates to see personally what was going on, and to endeavour by persuasion to correct the injurious proceedings of the barbarians. . . . The peaceful mission failed, and the consul Opimius subdued the Oxybii, a Ligurian tribe, in arms, B. C. 154. Livy, Ep. 47.
The Ligurians, Ptolemies, And Prusias At the same time as the Senate despatched Opimius to B. C. 154. Coss. Q. Opimius, L. Postumius Albinus. Ptolemy Physcon charges his brother with inciting a plot against his life. the war with the Oxybii, Ptolemy the younger arrived at Rome; and being admitted to the Senate brought an accusation against his brother, laying on him the blame of the attack against his life. He showed the scars of his wounds, and speaking with all the bitterness which they seemed to suggest, moved his hearers to pity him; and when Neolaidas and Andromachus also came on behalf of the elder Ptolemy, to answer the charges brought by his brother, the Senate refused even to listen to their pleas, having been entirely prepossessed by the accusations of the younger.The Senate refues to hear the ambassadors of Ptolemy Philometor,and send commissioners to restore Physcon to Cyprus. They commanded them to leave Rome at once; while they assigned five commissioners to the younge
Roman Commissioners Visit Attalus and Prusias All the previous winter Attalus had been busy collecting The commissioners visit Attalus and Prusias early in B. C. 154. a large army, Ariarathes and Mithridates having sent him a force of cavalry and infantry, in accordance with the terms of their alliance with him. While he was still engaged in these preparations the ten commissioners arrived from Rome: who, after meeting and conferring with him at Cadi about the business, started to visit Prusias, to whom on meeting him they explained the orders of the Senate in terms of serious warning. Prusias at once yielded to some of the injunctions, but refused to submit to the greater part. The Romans grew angry, renounced his friendship and alliance, and one and all started to return to Attalus. Prusias will not yield till too late. Thereupon Prusias repented; followed them a certain distance with vehement entreaties; but, failing to gain any concession, left them in a state of great doubt and
Roman Envoys Make Peace Between Prusias and Attalus At the same time Athenaeus set sail with eighty Summer of B. C. 154. Attalus's brother Athenaeus harasses the coast of Prusias's kingdom. decked ships, of which five were quadriremes sent by the Rhodians for the Cretan war, twenty from Cyzicus, twenty-seven Attalus's own, and the rest contributed by the other allies. Having sailed to the Hellespont, and reached the cities subject to Prusias, he made frequent descents upon the coast, and greatly harassed the country. But when the Senate heard the report of the commissioners who had returned from Prusias, they immediately despatched three new ones, Appius Claudius, Lucius Oppius, and Aulus Postumius: who, on arriving in Asia, put an end to the war by bringing the two kings to make peace, on condition of Prusias at once handing over to Attalus twenty decked ships, and paying him five hundred talents in twenty years, both retaining the territory which they had at the commencement of the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith),
Andro'machus 6. An ambassador of Ptolemy Philometor, sent to Rome B. C. 154. (Plb. 33.5.)