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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 22 22 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 7 7 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Wars in Spain (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER IX (search)
CHAPTER IX The Belli and the Titthi -- Beginning of the Numantine War -- Claudius Marcellus in Spain -- Makes an Armistice -- Licinius Lucullus succeeds Him-His Infamous Conduct -- Scipio Africanus the Younger -- Retreat of the Romans Y.R. 600 Some years later another serious war broke out in B.C. 154 Spain for the following reason: Segeda, a large and powerful city of a Celtiberian tribe called the Belli, was included in the treaties made by Gracchus. It persuaded some of the smaller towns to settle in its own borders, and then surrounded itself with a wall forty stades in circumference. It also forced the Titthi, a neighboring tribe, to join in the undertaking. When the Senate learned this it forbade the building of the wall, demanded the tribute imposed by Gracchus, and ordered the inhabitants to furnish a contingent for the Roman army, for this was one of the stipulations of the treaty made with Gracchus. As to the wall they replied that the Celtiberians w
Appian, Mithridatic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER I (search)
The pilleus is known to the modern world as the "cap of liberty." in the manner of slaves who have been made free in their masters' wills, and making himself appear base and insignificant in other ways. When he met them he said in the Latin tongue, "I am the freedman of the Romans, which is to say 'emancipated.' "They laughed at him and sent him to Rome. As he appeared equally ridiculous there he obtained pardon. Y.R. 600 Some time later, being incensed against Attalus, king B.C. 154 of the Asiatic country about Pergamus, Prusias ravaged his territory. When the Roman Senate learned of this they sent word to Prusias that he must not attack Attalus, who was their friend and ally. As he was slow in obeying, the ambassadors laid stern commands upon him to obey the orders of the Senate and to go with 1000 horse to the boundary line to negotiate a treaty with Attalus, who, they said, was awaiting him there with an equal number. Despising the handful of men with Attalus and hopi
Polybius, Histories, book 33, Marseilles Complains about the Ligurians (search)
Marseilles Complains about the Ligurians This year there came ambassadors also from the people of B. C. 155. The Ligurians harass Marseilles and besiege Antibes and Nice. Marseilles, who had long been suffering from the Ligurians, and at that time were being closely invested by them, while their cities of Antipolis and Nicaea were also subjected to a siege. They, therefore, sent ambassadors to Rome to represent the state of things and beg for help. On their being admitted, the Senate decided to send legates to see personally what was going on, and to endeavour by persuasion to correct the injurious proceedings of the barbarians. . . . The peaceful mission failed, and the consul Opimius subdued the Oxybii, a Ligurian tribe, in arms, B. C. 154. Livy, Ep. 47.
Polybius, Histories, book 33, The Ligurians, Ptolemies, And Prusias (search)
The Ligurians, Ptolemies, And Prusias At the same time as the Senate despatched Opimius to B. C. 154. Coss. Q. Opimius, L. Postumius Albinus. Ptolemy Physcon charges his brother with inciting a plot against his life. the war with the Oxybii, Ptolemy the younger arrived at Rome; and being admitted to the Senate brought an accusation against his brother, laying on him the blame of the attack against his life. He showed the scars of his wounds, and speaking with all the bitterness which they seemed to suggest, moved his hearers to pity him; and when Neolaidas and Andromachus also came on behalf of the elder Ptolemy, to answer the charges brought by his brother, the Senate refused even to listen to their pleas, having been entirely prepossessed by the accusations of the younger.The Senate refues to hear the ambassadors of Ptolemy Philometor,and send commissioners to restore Physcon to Cyprus. They commanded them to leave Rome at once; while they assigned five commissioners to the younge
Polybius, Histories, book 33, The Ligurians Resist Roman Intervention (search)
to bid them raise the siege, descended upon them as they lay at anchor, and prevented the rest from disembarking; but finding Flaminius already disembarked and his baggage landed, they began by ordering him to leave the country, and on his refusal they began to plunder his baggage. His slaves and freedmen resisting this, and trying to prevent them, they began to use violence and attacked them with their weapons. When Flaminius came to the rescue of his men they wounded him, and killed two of his servants, and chased the rest down to their ship, so that Flaminius only escaped with his life by cutting away the hawsers and anchors. War ordered with the Oxybii and Deciatae, B. C. 154. He was conveyed to Marseilles and his wound attended to with all possible care; but when the Senate was informed of the transaction, it immediately ordered one of the consuls, Quintus Opimius, to lead an army against the Oxybii and Deciatae.Ligurian tribes between Nice and Marseilles. Pliny, N. H. 3, ยง 47
Polybius, Histories, book 33, Roman Commissioners Visit Attalus and Prusias (search)
Roman Commissioners Visit Attalus and Prusias All the previous winter Attalus had been busy collecting The commissioners visit Attalus and Prusias early in B. C. 154. a large army, Ariarathes and Mithridates having sent him a force of cavalry and infantry, in accordance with the terms of their alliance with him. While he was still engaged in these preparations the ten commissioners arrived from Rome: who, after meeting and conferring with him at Cadi about the business, started to visit Prusias, to whom on meeting him they explained the orders of the Senate in terms of serious warning. Prusias at once yielded to some of the injunctions, but refused to submit to the greater part. The Romans grew angry, renounced his friendship and alliance, and one and all started to return to Attalus. Prusias will not yield till too late. Thereupon Prusias repented; followed them a certain distance with vehement entreaties; but, failing to gain any concession, left them in a state of great doubt and
Polybius, Histories, book 33, Roman Envoys Make Peace Between Prusias and Attalus (search)
Roman Envoys Make Peace Between Prusias and Attalus At the same time Athenaeus set sail with eighty Summer of B. C. 154. Attalus's brother Athenaeus harasses the coast of Prusias's kingdom. decked ships, of which five were quadriremes sent by the Rhodians for the Cretan war, twenty from Cyzicus, twenty-seven Attalus's own, and the rest contributed by the other allies. Having sailed to the Hellespont, and reached the cities subject to Prusias, he made frequent descents upon the coast, and greatly harassed the country. But when the Senate heard the report of the commissioners who had returned from Prusias, they immediately despatched three new ones, Appius Claudius, Lucius Oppius, and Aulus Postumius: who, on arriving in Asia, put an end to the war by bringing the two kings to make peace, on condition of Prusias at once handing over to Attalus twenty decked ships, and paying him five hundred talents in twenty years, both retaining the territory which they had at the commencement of the
Polybius, Histories, book 35, The Celtiberian Wars (search)
d to tranquillity and punished as they deserved, the very moment the Roman legions left Iberia, they would inflict punishment upon the Belli and Titthi as traitors; and that if they escaped unpunished for their first act of hostility, they would make all the tribes in Iberia ripe for an outbreak from the belief that they were capable of coping with Rome. They begged, therefore, that the legions should remain in Iberia, and that each year a consul should come thitherSince B. C. 195 up to B. C. 154 the two divisions of Spain had been entrusted to Praetors. to protect the allies of Rome and punish the depredations of the Arevacae; or, if they wished to withdraw the legions, they should first take signal vengeance for the outbreak of this tribe, that no one might venture to do the like again." Such, or to this effect, was the speech of the envoys of the Belli and Titthi who were in alliance with Rome. The envoys of the hostile tribe were then introduced. The Arevacae On coming forward th
Polybius, Histories, book 36, The Romans Find a Justification for War (search)
but if the pretext for doing so is lame and poor the contrary effects are produced. 32, 20. Accordingly, as they differed as to the sentiments of the outer world on the subject, they were very nearly abandoning the war. . . The policy of Rome in Africa of constantly supporting Massanissa against Carthage was mentioned in 32, 2. Frequent complaints came to Rome from the Numidian King, and the Carthaginians were said to be collecting an army contrary to treaty. Commissioners were sent over in 154 B. C. on the advice of Cato, who were roughly treated at Carthage; and when, in B. C. 151, Massanissa sent his son Gulussa with similar complaints to Rome, Cato urged immediate war. The Senate, however, again sent commissioners, among whom was Cato himself, to examine into the matter. They reported that the Carthaginians had an army and navy. An ultimatum was therefore sent, that the army and navy were to be broken up within the year, or that the next consuls should bring the question of war
Andro'machus 6. An ambassador of Ptolemy Philometor, sent to Rome B. C. 154. (Plb. 33.5.)
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