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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 19 19 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 7 7 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 3 3 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
P. Terentius Afer (Terence), The Eunuch (ed. Henry Thomas Riley) 1 1 Browse Search
P. Terentius Afer (Terence), Phormio, or The Scheming Parasite (ed. Henry Thomas Riley) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 162 BC or search for 162 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Eupator (search)
Anti'ochus V. or Anti'ochus Eupator (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed EUPATOR (*Eu)pa/twr), was nine years old at his father's death, and reigned nominally for two years. (B. C. 164-162.) Lysias assumed the guardianship of the young king, though Antiochus IV. had appointed Philip to this office. Lysias, accompanied by the young king, continued the war against the Jews, and laid siege to Jerusalem; but hearing that Philip was marching against him from Persis, he concluded a peace with the etrius Soter, the son of Seleucus Philopator, who had remained in Rome up to this time [see ANTIOCHUS IV.], appeared in Syria and laid claim to the throne. Lysias and the young king fell into his hands, and were immediately put to death by him, B. C. 162. (Plb. 31.12, 19 ; Appian, App. Syr. 46, 66; J. AJ 12.10; 1 Maccab vi., &c.; 2 Maccab. xiii., &c.; Cic. Phil. 9.2.) Apollo is represented on the reverse of the annexed coin, as in those of Antiochus I. and III. The inscription at the foot, *E*U
Comanus (*Komano/s), one of the ministers of Ptolemy Physcon (who had been placed on the throne of Egypt in the room of his exiled brother, Philometor), is introduced by Polybius as endeavouring by embassy and negotiation to obtain peace from Antiochus Epiphanes, B. C. 169, when the latter had gained possession of Egypt. (Pol. 28.16; comp. Liv. Epit. 46; V. Max. 5.1.1.) We hear of Comanus again in B. C. 162 as ambassador from Physcon to the Romans, to complain that Philometor refused to act up to their decree, by which Cyprus had been assigned to Physcon in the partition of the kingdom. (Pol. 31.27, xxxii. l; Diod. xxxi. Exc. de Legat. 23, p. 626.) [E.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Fi'gulus, Ma'rcius 1. C. Marcius Figulus, C. F. Q. N., consul in B. C. 162. During the comitia for his election the leader of the centuria praerogativa died, and the haruspices declared the election void. Tib. Sempronius Gracchus, however, the consul who presided at the comitia, maintained their validity, and Figulus departed to his province, Cisalpine Gaul. But afterwards Gracchus wrote to the senate that he had himself committed an error in taking the auspices, and Figulusresigned the consulship. (Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.4, de Divin. 2.35, ad Q. Frat. 2.2; V. Max. 1.1.3; Plut. Marc. 5; Jul. Obseq. 74; Fast. Cap.) Figulus was again consul in B. C. 156. His province was the war with the Dalmatae in Illyricum. At first he allowed his camp to be forced by the Dalmatae, but afterwards, in a winter campaign, he successively took their smaller towns, and finally their capital, Delminium. (Plb. 32.24; Appian, App. Ill. 11; Liv. Epit. xlvii.; Florus, 4.12.)
have been sent again after Antiochus had been interrupted in his career of conquest by the mission of Popillius, and compelled to raise the siege of Alexandria. (Plb. 27.17, 28.1, 18.) It is not improbable that this Heracleides is the same who is spoken of by Appian (App. Syr. 45) as one of the favourites of Antiochus Epiphanes, by whom he was appointed to superintend the finances of his whole kingdom. After the death of Antiochus, and the establishment of Demetrius Soter upon the throne (B. C. 162), Heracleides was driven into exile by the new sovereign. In order to revenge himself, he gave his support to, if he did not originate, the imposture of Alexander Balas, who set up a claim to the throne of Syria, pretending to be a son of Antiochus Epiphanes. Heracleides repaired, together with the pretender and Laodice, daughter of Antiochus, to Rome, where, by the lavish distribution of his great wealth, and the influence of his popular manners and address, he succeeded in obtaining an a
Jason (*)Ia/swn), literary. 1. Of Cyrene, an Hellenist Jew, wrote the history of the Maccabees, and of the wars of the Jews against Antiochus Epiphanes and his son Eupator, in five books. He must therefore have written after B. C. 162. The second book of Maccabees, in the Apocrypha, with the exception of the two spurious epistles at the beginning, is an abridgement of the work of Jason. (2 Maccab. 2.21-24; Prideaux, Connection, vol. iii. pp. 264, 265, ed. 1729.
Lentulus 16. P. Cornelius Lentulus, L. F. L. N., probably son of No. 12. He was curule aedile with Scipio Nasica in B. C. 169: in their Circensian games they exhibited elephants and bears. (Liv. 44.18.) Next year he went with two others to negotiate with Perseus of Macedon, but without effect. (Liv. 45.4.) He was consul suffectus, with C. Domitius, in B. C. 162, the election of the former consuls being declared informal. (Fasti, A. U. 591; Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.4, de Divin. 2.35; V. Max. 1.1.3.) He became princeps senatus (Cic. Brut. 28, Divin. in Caecil. 21, de Orat. 1.48); and must have lived to a good old age, since he was wounded in the contest with C. Gracchus in B. C. 121. (Cic. in Cat. 4.6, Philipp. 8.4.)
Le'ptines 6. A Syrian Greek, who assassinated with his own hand at Laodiceia, Cn. Octavius, the chief of the Roman deputies, who had been sent to examine into the state of affairs in Syria. This murder took place during the short reign of Antiochus Eupator (B. C. 162), and not without the connivance, as was supposed, of Lysias, the minister and governor of the young king. As soon as Demetrius had established himself on the throne, wishing to conciliate the favour of the Romans, he caused Leptines, who, far from denying the deed, had the audacity to boast of it publicly, to be seized, and sent as a prisoner to Rome: but the senate refused to receive him, being desirous, as we are told, to reserve this cause of complaint as a public grievance, instead of visiting it on the head of an individual. (Plb. 31.19, 32.4, 6, 7; Appian, App. Syr. 46, 47; Diod. Exc. Legat. xxxi. p. 526; Cic. Philipp. 9.2.) [E.H.B]
Lucre'tius 6. SP. LUCRETIUS, praetor B. C. 172, obtained the province of Further Spain. In B. C. 169 he served with distinction under the consul Q. Marcius Philippus, in the war against Perseus. He was one of the three ambassadors sent into Syria in B. C. 162. (Liv. 42.9, 10, 44.7, Plb. 31.12, 13.)
ht hope to derive from his weakness. They, however, despatched ambassadors to Syria, to enforce the execution of the treaty formerly concluded with Antiochus the Great; and Lysias did not venture openly to oppose the arbitrary proceedings of these deputies, but was supposed to have connived at, if he did not command, the murder of Octavius, the chief of the embassy. [LEPTINES.] He indeed immediately sent ambassadors to Rome to disclaim all participation in the deed, but did not offer to give up or punish the assassin. Meanwhile, the young prince, Demetrius, made his escape from Rome, where he had been detained as a hostage and landed at Tripolis in Syria. The people immediately declared in his favour ; and Lysias, as well as the young Antiochus, was seized by the populace, and given up to Demetrius, who ordered them both to be put to death, B. C. 162. (J. AJ 12.10. § I; 1 Mace. vii.; 2 Macc. 14.1, 2; Appian. Syr. 46, 47; Plb. 31.15, 19; Liv. Epit. xlvi; Euseb. Arm. p. 166, fol. edit.
ties suffered dreadfully from famine, and the approach of Philip made Lysias anxious to be at liberty to oppose his rival, a treaty was concluded between Judas and Lysias, and the latter withdrew his troops. This peace, however, was of short duration. Demletrius, who was the rightful heir to the throne of Syria, had escaped front Rome, where he had been a hostage, and on his arrival in Syria succeeded in getting into his power Lysias and the young Antiochus, both of whom he put to death, B. C. 162. He then proceeded to sow dissension along the patriotic party in Judaea, by proclaiming Alcimus high-priest. Several of the zealots for the law declared in favour of the latter, and his claims were supported by a Syrian army. But as Judas would not own the authority of a highpriest who owed his appointment to the Syrians, the war broke out again. At first the Maccabee met with great success; he defeated the Syrians under Nicanor in two successive battles, and then sent an embassy to Rome
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