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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 8 8 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER IV. (search)
d been effected. The Iberians, and Kelts, and all the rest who are subject to the Romans, shared a similar fate, for the Romans never rested in the subjugation of the land to their sway until they had entirely overthrown it: in the first instance they took Numantia,In the year B. C. 133. and subdued Viriathus,In the year B. C. 140. and afterwards vanquished Sertorius,B. C. 72. and last of all the Cantabrians,The inhabitants of Biscay. who were brought to subjection by Augustus Cæsar.B. C. 19. Likewise the whole of Gaul both within and beyond the Alps with Liguria were annexed at first by a partial occupation, but subsequently divus Cæsar and then Augustus subdued them completely in open war, so that nowAbout A. D. 17 or 18. the Romans direct their expeditions against the Germans from these countries as the most convenient rendezvous, and have already adorned their own country with several triumphs over them. Also in Africa all that did not belong to the Carthaginians has be
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 3, line 169 (search)
world his victor; Indus rolls Here his vast torrent, by Hydaspes joined Yet scarce augmented; here from luscious reed Men draw sweet liquor; here they dye their locks With tints of saffron, and with coloured gems Bind down their flowing garments; here are they, Who satiate of life and proud to die, Ascend the blazing pyre, and conquering fate, Scorn to live longer; but triumphant give The remnant of their days in flame to heaven.Perhaps in allusion to the embassy from India to Augustus in B.C. 19, when Zarmanochanus, an Indian sage, declaring that he had lived in happiness and would not risk the chance of a reverse, burnt himself publicly. (Merivale, chapter xxxiv.) Nor failed to join the host a hardy band Of Cappadocians, tilling now the soil, Once pirates of the main : nor those who dwell Where steep Niphates hurls the avalanche, And where on Median Coatra's sides The giant forest rises to the sky. And you, Arabians, from your distant home Came to a world unknown, and wondering saw
wever, we find a race called the Rock Tibboos, from the circumstance of their dwelling in caves., the waters of which, from noon to midnight, are at boiling heat, and then freeze for as many hours until the following noon; Garama too, that most famous capital of the Garamantes; all which places have been subdued by the Roman arms. It was on this occasion that Cornelius BalbusCornelius Balbus Gaditanus the Younger, who, upon his victories over the Garamantes, obtained a triumph in the year B.C. 19. was honoured with a triumph, the only foreigner indeed that was ever honoured with the triumphal chariot, and presented with the rights of a Roman citizen; for, although by birth a native of Gades, the Roman citizenship was granted to him as well as to the elder BalbusL. Cornelius Balbus the Elder, also at native of Gades. He obtained the consulship in B.C. 40, the first instance, as we find mentioned by Pliny, B. vii. c. 44, in which this honour had been conferred upon one who was not a Roma
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 28 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 12 (search)
f the world to preparing for another war. In consequence, though the first of the provinces, at least of those on the mainland, to be entered by the Romans, it has been the last of all to be completely conquered, and not until our own times under the command and auspices of Augustus Caesar.Since Agrippa's completion of the conquest of northwestern Spain is evidently meant here, we have in this reference to a contemporary event evidence that Book XXVIII was written (or published) after 19 B.C. There Hasdrubal son of Gisgo, being the greatest and most distinguished general after the Barca family in that war, had at that time returned from Gades in the hope of renewing the war. After conducting levies in Farther Spain with the help of Mago the son of Hamilcar, he armed about fifty thousand infantry and four thousand five hundred cavalry. As to the cavalry forces there is substantial agreement among the authorities, but some writers state that seventy thousand foot-soldi
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA VIRGO (search)
AQUA VIRGO * an aqueduct completed by Agrippa on 9th June 19 B.C. (Ovid, Fast. i. 464; ex Pont. i. 8. 38; Frontinus, de aquis i. 4, 10, 18, 22; ii. 70,84; Seneca, Ep. 83. 5; Mart. v. 20. 9; vi. 42. 18; vii. 32. 11; xi. 47. 6; Plin. NH xxxi. 42; xxxvi. 121, who is in error in attributing it to 33 B.C., and in associating the rivus Herculaneus with it; see AQUA MARCIA; Stat. Silv. i. 5. 26; Cass. Dio liv. 11; Not. app.; Pol. Silv. 545, 546; Cassiodor. Var. vii. 6; CIL vi. 1252-1254; 31564, 31565; NS 1910, 547). The springs were situated at the eighth mile of the via Collatina, i.e. two miles to the left of the eighth mile of the via Praenestina, in agro Lucullano (PBS i. 139, 143), and produced 2504 quinariae or 103,916 cubic metres in 24 hours. The subterranean course was 12,865 paces long, and 540 paces were carried on substructions. A girl is said to have shown the springs to some soldiers, hence the name; the incident was recorded by a painting in a chapel near the springs (Fron
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ARCUS AUGUSTI (search)
ARCUS AUGUSTI * two arches erected in honour of Augustus in the forum, one in 29 B.C., to commemorate the victory at Actium, the other in 19 B.C., on account of the return of the standards captured by the Parthians at Carrhae (Cass. Dio li. 19; liv. 8). It is explicitly stated that the latter stood iuxta aedem divi Iulii (ScholB.C. 1 Dated 16 B.C. by the B.M. Catalogue. on a denarius of Vinicius (Babelon, Vinicia 4; Cohen, Aug. 544; BM Rep. ii. 50, 4477-8 = BM Aug. 77, 78), and that of 19 B.C. on coins of 18-17 B.C. (Cohen, Aug. 82-85; BM Aug. 427-9). The earlier coins represent a triple arch, surmounted with a quadriga in the centre and barbarians on tndations, which themselves rest on the pavement of an earlier street. If the evidence cited above were all we had, we should identify these ruins with the arch of 19 B.C., on the strength of the scholiast's iuxta aedem divi Iulii, but an inscription (CIL vi. 873), cut in a block of Parian marble 2.67 metres long, was found in 1546/
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORTUNA REDUX, ARA (search)
FORTUNA REDUX, ARA an altar erected by the senate in 19 B.C. near the porta Capena, in honour of the return of Augustus from the east, when he entered the city, 12th October (Mon. Anc. ii. 29, Greek version, vi. 7:bwmo\s *tu/xhs *swth/riou; Fast. Amit. ad iv Id. Oct. et ad xviii Kal. Ian.; Fast. Cum. ad xviii Kal. Ian.; Prop. iv. 3. 71; Cass. Dio liv. 10:*tu/xh| te )*epanagw/gw| bwmo/n). At this altar the Augustalia were celebrated by pontiffs and Vestals (Mommsen, RGDA2 46-47; CIL i². p. 331-332). The altar itself was dedicated on 15th December (sec Fasti above) and is represented on several coins (Babelon ii. 412, Rustia 3 ; Cohen, August. 102-108, 513; BM Rep. ii. 34. 4440-4; 77. 4580, Aug. 2. 358-361). An aedituus Fortunae reducis (CIL vi. 8705) can hardly have belonged to this altar (HJ 204; Rosch. i. 1525-1526; RE vii. 37; BC 1908, 121-122).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, STAGNUM AGRIPPAE (search)
STAGNUM AGRIPPAE an artificial pool of considerable size, constructed by Agrippa by the side of his THERMAE (q.v.), with which and the HORTI (q.v.) it formed one whole (Ovid, ex Ponto i. 8. 37-38; Strabo xiii. I. 19 (590)). This stagnum was fed by the aqua Virgo, which Agrippa finished in 19 B.C., and was probably connected with the Tiber by the EURIPUS (q.v.). It was almost certainly on the west side of the thermae, north of the present Corso Vittorio Emanuele, and between the Via di Monterone and the Via dei Sediari, an area afterwards partly occupied by the PORTICUS BONI EVENTUS (q.v.) of the fourth century (HJ 580; Hulsen, Thermen des Agrippa, 32-33; Gilb. iii. 293-294).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE AGRIPPAE (search)
scussion see Mitt. 1920, 154-168.*lakwniko/n is here an adjective (see also the translation in the Loeb series); while in Vitr. v. 10 and elsewhere it means a hot room with cold plunge baths in it. in 25 B.C. at the same time as the PANTHEON (q.v.); and at his death in 12 he left to the Roman people, for their free use, a balanei=on (liv. 29. 4; Sid. Apoll. carm. 23. 496: balnea.. quae Agrippa dedit). As the AQUA VIRGO (q.v.), which supplied these baths with water, was not completed until 19 B.C., it is probable that the laconicum was the original part of what afterwards became a complete establishment for bathing, which was then regularly called thermae. Agrippa adorned these baths with works of art, among which are mentioned paintings (Plin. NH xxxv. 26), and the Apoxyomenos of Lysippus, which was set up in front of them (id. xxxiv. 62). The hot rooms he is said to have finished with fresco on tiles (id. xxxvi. 189). The thermae were burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24: bal
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
ilds Porticus Argonautarum, 420; Thermae begun, 518; builds Basilica Neptuni, 8 ; Horrea Agrippiana (?), 260; Temple of Bonus Eventus, 86; Stagnum Agrippae, 496; bridge, 398; Porticus Vipsania, 430. 23Library in the Porticus of Octavia, 84. (ca.). Pavement of Forum and Tribunal Praetorium, 234. 22Temple of Juppiter Tonans on Capitol dedicated, 305. 21Pons Fabricius restored after floods of 23, 400. 20Temple of Mars Ultor on the Capitol, 329. Milliarium Aureum, 342. 19Agrippa completes Aqua Virgo, 28. Altar of Fortuna Redux, 218. Second Arch of Augustus in Forum, 34. 17 Theatre of Marcellus in use, 513. 16Temple of Juventas burnt and restored, 308. Porticus round the Temple of Quirinus, 428, 439. 15Crypta Balbi, 141. Porticus of Livia begun, 423. (?) Livia builds Temple of Concord, 138. 14Temples of Juppiter Stator and Juno Regina restored, 305. Basilica Aemilia burnt and rebuilt, 73. 13Theatre of Marcellus dedicated, 513. of Balbus dedi
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