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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 8 8 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
is legate. The apprehensions of Augustus were removed by the death of Marcellus in B. C. 23, and Agrippa immediately returned to Rome, where he was the more anxiously expected, as troubles had broken out during the election of the consuls in B. C. 21. Augustus resolved to receive his faithful friend into his own family, and accordingly induced him to divorce his wife Marcella, and marry Julia, the widow of Marcellus and the daughter of Augustus by his third wife, Scribonia. (B. C. 21.) In B. C. 19, Agrippa went into Gaul. He pacified the turbulent natives, and constructed four great public roads and a splendid aqueduct at Nemausus (Nîmes). From thence he proceeded to Spain and subdued the Cantabrians after a short but bloody and obstinate struggle; but, in accordance with his usual prudence, he neither announced his victories in pompous letters to the senate, nor did he accept a triumph which Augustus offered him. In B. C. 18, he was invested with the tribunician power for five years
heck the incursions of the Dacians, Bastarnians, and Moesians on the Danube; and, in the same year, he himself went to Gaul and Spain, and began the conquest of the warlike Cantabri and Asturii, whose subjugation, however, was not completed till B. C. 19 by Agrippa. During this campaign Augustus founded several towns for his veterans, such as Augusta Emerita and Caesar Augusta. In B. C. 21 Augustus travelled through Sicily and Greece, and spent the winter following at Samos. After this, he went 0, Augustus returned to Samos, to spend the approaching winter there. Here ambassadors from India appeared before him, with presents from their king, Pandion, to confirm the friendship which had been sought on a former occasion. In the autumn of B. C. 19, he returned to Rome, where new honours and distinctions were conferred upon him. His vanity was so much gratified at these bloodless victories which he had obtained in Syria and Samos, that he struck medals to commemorate them, and afterwards d
ary and tyrannical kind; and at length, after plundering the provincials and amassing large treasures, he left Spain in B. C. 43, without even paying the soldiers, and crossed over to Bogud in Africa. From that time, we hear nothing of Balbus for upwards of twenty years. We then find him governor of Africa, with the title of proconsul, although he had been neither praetor nor consul. While in Africa, he obtained a victory over the Garamantes, and enjoyed a triumph in consequence in March, B. C. 19, the first instance of this honour having been conferred upon one who was not born a Roman citizen. (Plin. Nat. 5.5; Vell. 2.51; Strab. iii. p.169.) Balbus, like his uncle, had amassed a large fortune; and, as Augustus was anxious to adorn Rome with public buildings, Balbus erected at his own expense a theatre in the city, which was remarkable on account of its containing four pillars of onyx. It was dedicated in B. C. 13, with festive games, on the return of Augustus to Rome; and as a comp
e-bed became a theme of popular admiration and applause in a profligate age. It is finely referred to by Pedo Albinovanus in his beautiful poem upon the death of Drusus: Tu concessus amor, tu solus et ultimus illi, Tu requies fesso grata laboris eras. He must have been young when he married; for, though he died at the age of thirty, he had several children who died before him, besides the three, Germanicus, Livia, and Claudius, who survived their father. He began public life early. In B. C. 19, he obtained permission, by a decree of the senate, to fill all magistracies five years before the regular time. (D. C. 54.10.) In the beginning of B. C. 16, we find him presiding with his brother at a gladiatorial show; and when Augustus, upon his departure for Gaul, took Tiberius, who was then praetor, along with him, Drusus was left in the city to discharge, in his brother's place, the important duties of that office. (D. C. 54.19.) In the following year he was made quaestor, and sent ag
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Fronto, Vi'bius served as commander of the cavalry under Pomponius Flaccus in B. C. 19, and conquered king Vonones on the river Pyramus. (Tac. Ann. 2.68.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
er as to their having appeared consecutively or at the same time. According to Bentley, they were composed and published in succession, between the 34th and 42d, according to Franke, the 35th and 41st or 42d year of the poet. Their successive or simultaneous publication within that period might appear unquestionable but for the great difficulty of the third Ode, relating to the poet Virgil about to embark for Greece. It is said by Donatus that Virgil did undertake such a voyage in the year B. C. 19, three years later than the last date of Bentley--five than that of Franke. Hence Grotefend and others delay the publication of the three books of Odes to that year or the following; and so perplexing is the difficulty, that Franke boldly substitutes the name of Quintilius for that of Virgilius; others recur to the last resort of desperate critics, and imagine another Virgilius. Dr. Weber, perhaps more probably, suspects an error in Donatus. If indeed it relates to that voyage of Virgil (ye
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
n his flight from Italy in B. C. 40. His father held a high command in the army, in which he was succeeded by his son, as is mentioned below, and his uncle Capito was a member of the senate, and is mentioned as a supporter of the accusation against C. Cassius Longinus under the Lex Pedia, on account of the latter being one of Caesai's murderers. The family of Paterculus, therefore, seems to have been one of wealth, respectability, and influence. Velleius Paterculus was probably born about B. C. 19, the year in which Virgil died. He adopted the profession of arms; and, soon after he had entered the army, he accompanied C. Caesar in his expedition to the East, and was present with the latter at his interview with the Parthian king, in A. D. 2. Two years afterwards, A. D. 4, he served under Tiberius in Germany, succeeding his father in the rank of Praefectus Equitum, having previously filled in succession the offices of tribune of the soldiers and tribune of the camp. For the next eight
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
d passed over to Octavian (Vell. 2.77; Appian, App. BC 5.139, comp. 5.52). He is no doubt the same as the Sentius Saturninus Vetulio, who was proscribed by the triumvirs in B. C. 43, and escaped to Pompeius in Sicily (V. Max. 7.3.9). The circumstances, however, which Valerius Maximus relates respecting his escape, are told by Appian (App. BC 4.45), with reference to one Pomponius. [ POMPONIUS, No. 14.] Saturninus was rewarded for his desertion of Pompeius by the consulship, which he held in B. C. 19, with Q. Lucretius Vespillo. Velleius Paterculus celebrates his praises for the manner in which he carried on the government during his consulship, and for his opposition to the seditious schemes of Egnatius Rufus. [RUFUS, EGNATIUS, No. 2.] After his consulship he was appointed to the government of Syria, in connection with which he is frequently mentioned by Josephus. He was succeeded in the government by Quintilius Varus (D. C. 54.10; Frontin. de Aquaed. 10 ; Vell. 2.92 ; J. AJ 16.10.8, 1
Se'ntia Gens plebeian, is not mentioned till towards the close of the republic. We find in it the cognomens AUGURINUS and SATURNINUS ; and the first member of it who obtained the consulship was C. Sentius Saturninus, in B. C. 19. Some coins of the gens bear the cognomen Saturninus, and others occur without any surname. Of the latter we give a specimen : on the obverse is the head of Pallas with ARG. PVB, and on the reverse Jupiter in a quadriga with (L.) SENTI C. F. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 305.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Sila'nus, Ju'nius 7. C. Junius Silanus, C. F., consul B. C. 19 with C. Furnius, may perhaps have been a cousin of No. 6. (D. C. 54.18.)
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