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Piso 1. Calpurnius Piso, was taken prisoner at the battle of Cannae, B. C. 216, and is said to have been sent with two others to Rome to negotiate the release of the prisoners, which proposition the senate refused to entertain. He was praetor urbanus in B. C. 211, and on the expiration of his year of office was sent as propraetor into Etruria B. C. 210. From thence he was commanded by the dictator, Q. Fulvius Flaccus, to take the command of the army at Capua ; but next year (B. C. 209) the senate again entrusted Etruria to him. (Liv. 22.61, 25.41, 26.10, 15, 21, 28, 27.6, 7, 21.) Piso in his praetorship proposed to the senate, that the Ludi Apollinares, which had been exhibited for the first time in the preceding year (B. C. 212), should be repeated, and should be celebrated in future annually. The senate passed a decree to this effect. (Liv. 26.23; Macr. 1.13 ; Festus, p. 326, ed. Müller, where he is erroneously called Maarcus instead of Caius.) The establishment of these games b
Polyxe'nidas (*Poluceni/das), a Rhodian, who was exiled from his native country, and entered the service of Antiochus III., king of Syria. We first find him mentioned in B. C. 209, when he commanded a body of Cretan mercenaries during the expedition of Antiochus into Hyrcania (Plb. 10.29). But in B. C. 192, when the Syrian king had determined upon war with Rome, and crossed over into Greece to commence it, Polyxenidas obtained the chief command of his fleet. After cooperating with Menippus in the reduction of Chalcis, he was sent back to Asia to assemble additional forces during the winter. We do not hear anything of his operations in the ensuing campaign, B. C. 191, but when Antiochus, after his defeat at Thermopylae, withdrew to Asia, Polyxenidas was again appointed to command the king's main fleet on the Ionian coast. Having learnt that the praetor C. Livius was arrived at Delos with the Roman fleet, he strongly urged upon the king the expediency of giving him battle without delay
Publi'cius 3. C. Publicius Bibulus, tribune of the plebs B. C. 209, distinguished himself by his hostility to M. Claudius Marcellus, whom he endeavoured to deprive of his imperium; but Marcellus made such a triumphant reply to the accusations of Publicius, that not only was the bill for taking away his imperium rejected, but he was elected consul on the next day. (Liv. 27.20, 21.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Scae'vola, Mu'cius 2. Q. Mucius Scaevola, the son of Publius, was praetor in B. C. 215, in the consulship of C. Postumius Albinus III. and T. Sempronius Gracchus: he had Sardinia for his province (Liv. 23.24, 30), where he fell sick (100.34, 40). His command in Sardinia was prolonged for the two following years (Liv. 24.9, 44), and again for another year (Liv. 25.3): nothing is recorded of his operations. This appears to be the Mucius who is mentioned by Pomponius (Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. 2.37), if Mucius is the right reading there (comp. Liv. 21.18; Gellius, 10.27; Florus, 2.6). Quintus was decemvir sacrorum, and died in B. C. 209. (Liv. 27.8.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Sci'pio Africanus (search)
turn to Tarraco without molestation, where he remained quietly during the remainder of the year, as his forces were not sufficiently numerous to face the enemy in the field, and he was anxious to strengthen himself by alliances with the Spanish chiefs. In this he was more successful than he could have anticipated. The capture of Carthage, as well as his personal popularity, caused many of the Spanish tribes to desert the Carthaginian cause; and when he took the field in the following year, B. C. 209, Mandonius and Indibilis, two of the most powerful and hitherto the most faithful supporters of Carthage, quitted the camp of Hasdrubal, and awaited the arrival of Scipio. Hasdrubal was encamped in a strong position near the town of Baecula, in the upper valley of the Guadalquiver, where he was engaged in collecting money from the silver mines in the neighbourhood. As he had now fully resolved to march to the assistance of his brother in Italy, he did not wish to risk the lives of his sold
Servi'lius 2. C. Servilius, C. F. P. N., son of the preceding, is first mentioned in B. C. 212, when he was sent into Etruria to purchase corn for the use of the Roman garrison in the citadel of Tarentum, which was then besieged by Hannibal. He succeeded in forcing his way into the harbour, and supplying the garrison with the corn. In B. C. 210 he was elected pontifex in the place of T. Otacilius Crassus, in B. C. 209 plebeian aedile, and in B. C. 208 curule aedile. In the last year, while holding the office of curule aedile, he was appointed magister equitum by the dictator T. Manlius Torquatus. He was praetor B. C. 206, when he obtained Sicily as his province, and consul B. C. 203 with Cn. Servilius Caepio. Livy, in speaking of his consulship (29.38, 30.1), as well as subsequently, calls him C. Servilius Geminus ; but in the Capitoline Fasti his name is given C. SERVILIUS C. F. P. NEPOS. It is therefore probable that his cognomen Geminus is a mistake. C. Servilius obtained Etruria
Sexti'lius 3. M. Sextilius, of Fregellae, assured the consuls in the second Punic war, B. C. 209, that eighteen of the Roman colonies were ready to furnish nish the state with soldiers, when twelve had refused to do so. (Liv. 27.9, 10).
Tubulus 1. C. Hostilius Tubulus, praetor urbanus B. C. 209, was stationed in Etruria in the following year (B. C. 208) as propraetor with the command of two legions. He received orders from the senate to keep an especial watch upon Arretium, which was suspected of an inclination to revolt to Hannibal, and he therefore took away as hostages one hundred and twenty children of the senators of the town. Next year (B. C. 207) Tubulus was sent from Etruria to Tarentum, and in the course of the same year from the latter place to Capua; but while marching to Capua he fell upon Hannibal's army, killed four thousand men, and took nine standards. He continued in the command at Capua till the end of B. C. 203. (Liv. 27.6, 7, 11, 22, 24, 35, 40, xxviii, 10, 29.13.)
Roman camps in which he had taken refuge was besieged by the Carthaginians, he bravely cut his way through the enemy with six hundred men, reached the larger camp, and from thence marched to Canusium, where he arrived in safety. Two years afterwards (B. C. 214) Tuditanus was curule aedile, and in the next year (B. C. 213) praetor, with Ariminum as his province. He took the town of Aternum, and was continued in the same command for the two following years (B. C. 212, 211). He was censor in B. C. 209 with M. Cornelius Cethegus, although neither he nor his colleague had yet held the consulship. In B. C. 205 he was sent into Greece with the title of proconsul, and at the head of a military and naval force, for the purpose of opposing Philip, with whom however he concluded a preliminary treaty, which was readily ratified by the Romans, who were anxious to give their undivided attention to the war in Africa. Tuditanus had, during his absence, been elected consul for the year 204 together w
Vi'bius 2. VIBIUS, one of the Bruttii, the brother of Paccius, B. C. 209. (Liv. 27.15.) [PACCIUS, No. 2.]
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