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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 46 46 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 5 5 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 26-27 (ed. Frank Gardner Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 43-45 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 31-34 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. Professor of Latin and Head of the Department of Classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
T. Maccius Plautus, Aulularia, or The Concealed Treasure (ed. Henry Thomas Riley) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 209 BC or search for 209 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Alimentus, L. Ci'ncius a celebrated Roman annalist, antiquary, and jurist, who was praetor in Sicily, B. C. 209, with the command of two legions. He wrote an account of his imprisonment in the second Punic war, and a history of Gorgias Leontinus; but these works probably formed part of his Annales. (Liv. 21.38.) He is frequently cited by Festus, and the fragments which have been thus preserved were collected by Wasse, and may be found appended to Corte's Sallust. Niebuhr (i. p. 272) praises Alimentus as a really critical investigator of antiquity, who threw light on the history of his country by researches among its ancient monuments. That he possessed eminent personal qualities, such as strike a great man, is clear, inasmuch as Hannibal, who used to treat his Roman prisoners very roughly, made a distinction in his behalf, and gave him an account of his passage through Gaul and over the Alps, which Alimentus afterwards incorporated in his history. It is only in his fragments that w
Allu'cius a prince of the Celtiberi, betrothed to a most beautiful virgin, who was taken prisoner by Scipio in Spain, B. C. 209. Scipio generously gave her to Allucius, and refused the presents her parents offered him. The story is beautifully told in Livy (26.50), and is also related by other writers. (Plb. 10.19; V. Max. 4.3. § 1; Sil. Ital. 15.268, &c.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Aurunculeia Gens plebeian, of which COTTA is the only family-name mentioned: for those who have no cognomen, see AURUNCULEIUS. None of the members of this gens ever obtained the consulship: the first who obtained the praetorship was C. Aurunculeius, in B. C. 209.
Aurunculeius 1. C. Aurunculeius, praetor B. C. 209, had the province of Sardinia. (Liv. 27.6, 7.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Capitoli'nus, Qui'nctius 8. T. Quinctius Pennus Capitolinus CRISPINUS. In B. C. 214, when M. Claudius Marcellus went to Rome to sue for his third consulship, he left Capitolinus in Sicily in command of the Roman fleet and camp. In B. C. 209, he was elected praetor, and obtained Capua as his province. The year after, B. C. 208, he was elected consul together with M. Claudius Marcellus, and both consuls were commissioned to carry on the war against Hannibal in Italy. In a battle which was fought in the neighbourhood of Tarentum, Capitolinus was severely wounded and retreated. He was afterwards carried to Capua and thence to Rome, where he died at the close of the year, after having proclaimed T. Manlius Torquatus dictator. (Liv. 24.39, 27.6, 7, 21, 27, 28, 33; Plb. 10.32.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato the Censor (search)
and Drumann (Gesch. Rows, v. p. 99) imagines that already, at the age of 20, he was a military tribune. Fabius Maximus had now the command in Campania, during the year of his fourth consulshlip. The old general admitted the young soldier to the honour of intimate acquaintance. While Fabius communicated the valued results of military experience, he omitted not to instil his own personal and political partialities and dislikes into the ear of his attached follower. At the siege of Tarentum, B. C. 209, Cato was again at the side of Fabius. Two years later, Cato was one of the select band who accompanied the consul Claudius Nero on his northern march from Lucania to check the progress of Hasdrubal. It is recorded that the services of Cato contributed not a little to the decisive victory of Sena on the Metaurus, where Hasdrubal was slain. In the intervals of war, Cato returned to his Sabine farm, using the plainest dress, and working and faring like his labourers. Young as he was, the n
lly supposed by the ancients to have been the author of the Homeric hymn to Apollo. He is said to have lived about the 69th Olympiad (B. C. 504), and to have been the first rhapsodist of the Homeric poems at Syracuse. (Schol. ad Pind. Nem. 2.1.) This date, however, is much too low, as the Sicilians were acquainted with the Homeric poems long before. Welcker (Epischer Cyclus, p. 243) therefore proposes to read kata\ th\n e(/kthn h)/ th\n e)nna/thn *)Ol. instead of kata\ th\n e(chkosth\n e)nna/thn *)Ol., and places him about B. C. 750. Cinaethus is charged by Eustathius (ad Il. i. p. 16, ed. Polit.) with having interpolated the Homeric poems. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. i. p. 508.) CI'NCIA GENS, plebeian, of small importance. None of its members ever obtained the consulship: the first Cincius who gained any of the higher offices of the state was L. Cincius Alimentus, praetor in B. C. 209. The only cognomen of this gens is ALIMENTUS: those who occur without a surname are given under CINCIUS.
Corni'ades (*Kornia/dhs), an intimate friend of Epicurus, is spoken of by Cicero (de Fin. 5.31) as paying a visit to Arcesilaus. The MSS. of Cicero have Carneades, but there can be little doubt that Corniades is the correct reading, since the latter is mentioned by Plutarch (non posse suaviter vivi secundum Epicur. p. 1089) as a friend of Epicurus, and the former could not possibly have been the friend of Epicurus, as Carneades died in B. C. 129, and Epicurus in B. C. 209
E'decon (*)Edekw/n), an Iberian chief, called Edesco by Livy. He came to Scipio at Tarraco, in B. C. 209, and offered to surrender himself "to the faith of the Romans," requesting, at the same time, that his wife and children, who were among the hostages that had fallen into Scipio's hands at the capture of New Carthage, might be restored to him. Scipio granted his prayer, and thereby greatly increased the Roman influence in Spain. Edecon was the first chief who, after the retreat of Hasdrubal to the Pyrenees, saluted Scipio as king,--a homage which the latter knew better than to accept. (Plb. 10.34, 35, 40; Liv. xxvii 17, 19.) [E.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Fu'lvius 4. C. Fulvius Flaccus, M. F. Q. N., a son of No. 1, and a brother of No. 2 and 3, served as legate under his brother Quintus during the siege of Capua. In B. C. 209 he was ordered to conduct a detachment of troops into Etruria, and bring back to Rome the legions which had been stationed there. (Liv. 26.33, 27.8.)
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