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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 211 BC or search for 211 BC in all documents.

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Panaeto'lus (*Panai/twlos), an Aetolian in the service of Ptolemy Philopator, king of Egypt, who joined with his countryman Theodotus in betraying Coele-Syria into the hands of Antiochus III., and on the approach of the Syrian king surrendered into his hands the important city of Tyre. (Plb. 5.61,62.) From this time he held an important place in the service of Antiochus, and distinguished himself highly in the expedition of that monarch against Euthydemus, king of Bactria about B. C. 211. (Id. 10.49.) [E.H.B
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Philippus V. (search)
and to rid himself of his former friend and counsellor by means of a slow and secret poison, B. C. 213. (Plb. 7.10-14, 8.10, 14; Plut. Arat. 49-52.) The war between Philip and the Romans had been carried on, for some time, with unaccountable slackness on both sides, when it all at once assumed a new character in consequence of the alliance entered into by the latter with the Aetolians. In the treaty concluded by the Roman praetor, M.Valerius Laevinus, with that people (before the end of B. C. 211), provision was also made for comprising in the alliance Scerdilaidas, king of Illyria, and Attalus, king of Pergamus, and the king of Macedonia thus found himself threatened on all sides by a powerful confederacy. (Liv. 26.24; Just. 29.4.) This news at length roused him from his apathy. Though it was then midwinter, he hastened to provide for the safety of his frontiers, both on the side of Illyria and that of Thrace, and then marched southwards, with an army, to the succour of the Acarna
Piso 1. Calpurnius Piso, was taken prisoner at the battle of Cannae, B. C. 216, and is said to have been sent with two others to Rome to negotiate the release of the prisoners, which proposition the senate refused to entertain. He was praetor urbanus in B. C. 211, and on the expiration of his year of office was sent as propraetor into Etruria B. C. 210. From thence he was commanded by the dictator, Q. Fulvius Flaccus, to take the command of the army at Capua ; but next year (B. C. 209) the senate again entrusted Etruria to him. (Liv. 22.61, 25.41, 26.10, 15, 21, 28, 27.6, 7, 21.) Piso in his praetorship proposed to the senate, that the Ludi Apollinares, which had been exhibited for the first time in the preceding year (B. C. 212), should be repeated, and should be celebrated in future annually. The senate passed a decree to this effect. (Liv. 26.23; Macr. 1.13 ; Festus, p. 326, ed. Müller, where he is erroneously called Maarcus instead of Caius.) The establishment of these games b
ve been associated with his father in the sovereignty for some years before the death of the latter, whether as joint ruler, or as holding the separate command of some of the Illyrian tribes, is uncertain, but the last supposition seems the most probable. Livy, in one passage (26.24), calls him a Thracian prince, but this seems to be certainly a mistake. His name was included, together with that of Scerdilaidas in the treaty of alliance concluded by M. Valerius Laevinus with the Aetolians, B. C. 211, and the two were associated together on several occasions during the war with Philip, as well as in the peace concluded by P. Sempronius with that monarch in B. C. 204. (Liv. 26.24, 27.30, 28.5, 29.12; Polyb 10.41.) But after this period that of Pleuratus appears alone, and he seems to have become sole ruler. On the renewal of the war with Macedonia by the Romans (B. C. 201) he hastened to offer his assistance to the consul Sulpicius, but his services were declined for the moment, and wer
Popi'llius 1. T. Popillius, a legatus in the Roman army engaged in the siege of Capua, B. C. 211. (Liv. 26.6.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Salina'tor, Li'vius 2. C. Livius Salinator, curule aedile . 100.203, and praetor B. C. 202, in which year he obtained Bruttii as his province. In B. C. 193 he fought under the consul against the Boii, and in the same year was an unsuccessful candidate for the consulship (Liv. 29.38, 30.26, 27, 35.5, 10). He was elected pontifex in B. C. 211, in the place of M'. Pomponius Matho, and died in B. C. 170. (Liv. 26.23, 43.11.)
cour. They, however, in the summer of B. C. 216, sent a squadron of ten ships to his support, and the very name of a Roman fleet struck such a terror into Philip that he abandoned the Adriatic, and retired, with his whole fleet, to Cephallenia (Plb. 5.3, 95, 101, 108, 110). But during the following years his Roman allies were able to give little assistance to the Illyrian king, and Philip wrested from him the important fortress of Lissus, as well as a considerable part of his dominions. In B. C. 211 Scerdilaiidas joined the alliance of the Aetolians with the Romans, but his part in the war which followed appears to have been confined to threatening and infesting the Macedonian frontiers by occasional predatory incursions (Liv. 26.24, 27.30, 28.5; Plb. 10.41). It would appear that he must have died before the peace of 204, as his name, which is coupled with that of his son Pleuratus, during the negotiations in B. C. 208, does not appear in the treaty concluded by P. Sempronius with the
Sci'pio 8. P. Cornelius Scipio Asina, son of No. 6, was consul B. C. 221, with M. Minucius Rufus, and carried on war, with his colleague, against the Istri, who annoyed the Romans by their piracy. The Istri were completely subdued, and Scipio obtained the honour of a triumph. In B. C. 217 he was appointed interrex, for the purpose of holding the consular elections. He is mentioned again in B. C. 211, when he showed so little of the spirit of a Scipio as to recommend that the senate should recall all the generals and armies from Italy for the defence of the capital, because Hannibal was marching upon the city. (Eutrop. 3.7; Oros. 4.13; Zonar. 8.20; Liv. 22.34, 26.8.)
p. 335b.] In the following year, B. C. 217, Scipio, whose imperium had been prolonged, crossed over into Spain with a fleet of twenty ships and eight thousand foot-soldiers. Scipio and his brother Cneius continued in Spain till their death in B. C. 211 ; but the history of their campaigns, though important in their results, is full of such confusions and contradictions, that a brief description of them is quite sufficient. Livy found great discrepancies in his authorities, which are in themseeptimus, a Roman eques. [HASDRUBAL, No. 6.] The year in which the Scipios perished is rather doubtful. Livy says (25.36) that it was in the eighth year after Cn. Scipio had come into Spain ; but Becker (Vorarbeiten zu einer Geschichte des zweiten Punisches Krieges in Dahlman's Forschungen, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 113) brings forward several reasons, which make it probable that they did not fall till the spring of B. C. 211. (Liv. libb. xxi.-xxv. ; Polyb. lib. iii.; Appian, Annib. 5-8, Hisp. 14-16.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Sci'pio Africanus (search)
rms of the law, which distinguished him throughout life; for when the tribunes objected to the election, because he was not of the legal age, he haughtily replied, " If all the Quirites wish to make me aedile, I am old enough." In the spring of B. C. 211, his father and uncle fell in Spain, and C. Nero was sent out as propraetor to supply their place; but in the following year (B. C. 210), the Romans resolved to increase their army in Spain, and to place it under the command of a proconsul. Butly twenty-four, offered himself as a candidate, to the surprise of the whole people. The confidence he felt in himself he communicated to the people, and he was accordingly chosen with enthusiasm to take the command. Livy places his election in B. C. 211, but it could not have been earlier than B. C. 210. Upon his arrival in Spain in the summer of B. C. 210 Scipio found the whole country south of the Iberus in the power of the enemy. The three Carthaginian generals, Hasdrubal son of Barca, Ha
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