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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 216 BC or search for 216 BC in all documents.

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Philus 1. P. Furius Sp. F. M. N. PHILUS, was consul B. C. 223 with C. Flaminius, and accompanied his colleague in his campaign against the Gauls in the north of Italy. [FLAMINIUS, No. 1.] He was elected praetor in the third year of the second Punic war, B. C. 216, when he obtained the jurisdictio inter cices Romcanos et peregrinos ; and after the fatal battle of Cannae in this year, he and his colleague M. Pomponius Matho summoned the senate to take measures for the defence of the city. Shortly afterwards he received the fleet from M. Claudiius Marcellus, with which he proceeded to Africa, but having been severely wounded in an engagement off the coast he returned to Lilybaeum. In B. C. 214 he was censor with M. Atilius Regulus, but he died at the beginning of the following year, before the solemn purification (lustrumn) of the people had been performed; and Regulus accordingly, as was usual in such cases, resigned his office. These censors visited with severity all persons who had f
Philus 2. P. Furius Philus, the son of the preceding, informed Scipio in B. C. 216, after the battle of Cannae, of the design of L. Caecilius Metellus and others to leave Italy, to which reference has been made above. (Liv. 22.53.)
of Roman history in prose, and is therefore usually placed at the head of the Roman annalists. Thus he is called by Livy scriptorum antiquissimus (1.44) and longe antiquissimus auctor (2.44). He served in the Gallic war, B. C. 225 (Eutrop. 3.5; Oros. 4.13; comp. Plin. Nat. 10.24. s. 34), and also in the second Punic war; and that he enjoyed considerable reputation among his contemporaries is evident from the circumstance of his being sent to Delphi, after the disastrous battle of Cannae in B. C. 216, to consult the oracle by what means the Romans could propitiate the gods (Liv. 22.57, 23.11; Appian, Annib. 27). We learn from Polybius (3.9.4) that he had a seat in the senate, and consequently he must have filled the office of quaestor; but we possess no other particulars respecting his life. The year of his death is uncertain; for the C. Fabius Pictor whose death Livy speaks of (45.44) in B. C. 167, is a different person from the historian [see No. 5]. One might conjecture, from his n
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Pinnes, Pinneus or PINEUS, was the son of Agron, king of Illyria, by his first wife, Triteuta. At the death of Agron (B. C. 231), Pinnes, who was then a child, was left in the guardianship of his step-mother Teuta, whom Agron had married after divorcing Triteuta. When Teuta was defeated by the Romans, the care of Pinnes devolved upon Demetrius of Pharos, who had received from the Romans a great part of the dominions of Teuta, and had likewise married Tritenta, the mother of Pinnes. Demetrius was in his turn tempted to try his fortune against Rome, but was quickly crushed by the consul, L. Aemilius Paulus, B. C. 219, and was obliged to fly for refuge to Philip, king of Macedonia. The Romans placed Pinnes upon the throne, but imposed a tribute, which we read of their sending for in B. C. 216. (D. C. 34.46, 151 ; Appian, App. Ill. 7, 8; Flor. 2.5; Liv. 22.33.) [AGRON; DEMETRIUS of PHAROS; TEUTA.]
Piso 1. Calpurnius Piso, was taken prisoner at the battle of Cannae, B. C. 216, and is said to have been sent with two others to Rome to negotiate the release of the prisoners, which proposition the senate refused to entertain. He was praetor urbanus in B. C. 211, and on the expiration of his year of office was sent as propraetor into Etruria B. C. 210. From thence he was commanded by the dictator, Q. Fulvius Flaccus, to take the command of the army at Capua ; but next year (B. C. 209) the senate again entrusted Etruria to him. (Liv. 22.61, 25.41, 26.10, 15, 21, 28, 27.6, 7, 21.) Piso in his praetorship proposed to the senate, that the Ludi Apollinares, which had been exhibited for the first time in the preceding year (B. C. 212), should be repeated, and should be celebrated in future annually. The senate passed a decree to this effect. (Liv. 26.23; Macr. 1.13 ; Festus, p. 326, ed. Müller, where he is erroneously called Maarcus instead of Caius.) The establishment of these games b
Publi'cius 2. L. Publicius Bibulus, tribunus militum of the second legion, B. C. 216. (Liv. 22.53.)
Pu'pius 2. Cn. Pupius, and K. Quintius Flamininus, were appointed duumviri in B. C. 216, for building the temple of Concord. (Liv. 22.33.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
). Polybius, on the contrary, says (3.114, 116) that Regulus remained with the new consuls, and fell at the battle of Cannae, where he commanded, with Servilius, the centre of the line. This statement, however, is erroneous, and we must for once follow Livy in preference to Polybius, since it is certain that the same Regulus was censor two years after the battle of Cannae. (Comp. Perizonius, Anim>adv. Hist. 100.1, sub fin.; and Schweighäuser, ad Polyb. 3.114.) After the battle of Cannae, B. C. 216, Regulus was one of the triumviri mensarii, who were appointed on account of the scarcity of money. In B. C. 214 he was censor with P. Furius Philus. These censors punished with severity all persons who had failed in their duty to the state during the great calamities which Rome had lately experienced. All those who had formed the project of leaving Italy after the battle of Cannae, and all those who had been taken prisoners by Hannibal, and when sent as ambassadors to Rome on the promise
Scanti'nius 2. P. Scantinius, a pontifex, who died in B. C. 216. (Liv. 23.21.)
time in the Peloponnese, hastened to the relief of his own dominions. and having quickly recovered the places he bad lost, occupied himself during the winter in the equipment of a powerful fleet, to carry on operations against the Illyrian king. Scerdilaidas, alarmed at these tidings, applied for assistance to the Romans, who were favourably disposed towards him from jealousy of Philip, but were too hard pressed at home to furnish him any effectual succour. They, however, in the summer of B. C. 216, sent a squadron of ten ships to his support, and the very name of a Roman fleet struck such a terror into Philip that he abandoned the Adriatic, and retired, with his whole fleet, to Cephallenia (Plb. 5.3, 95, 101, 108, 110). But during the following years his Roman allies were able to give little assistance to the Illyrian king, and Philip wrested from him the important fortress of Lissus, as well as a considerable part of his dominions. In B. C. 211 Scerdilaiidas joined the alliance of
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