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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Pausanias, Description of Greece, Corinth, chapter 8 (search)
that two actually became tyrants together, Euthydemus and Timocleidas. These were expelled by the people, who made Cleinias, the father of Aratus, their champion. A few years afterwards Abantidas became tyrant. Before this time Cleinias had met his death, and Aratus went into exile, either of his own accord or because he was compelled to do so by Abantidas. Now Abantidas was killed by some natives, and his father Paseas immediately became tyrant. He was killed by Nicocles, who succeeded him.251 B.C. This Nicocles was attacked by Aratus with a force of Sicyonian exiles and Argive mercenaries. Making his attempt by night, he eluded some of the defenders in the darkness; the others he overcame, and forced his way within the wall. Day was now breaking, and taking the populace with him he hastened to the tyrant's house. This he easily captured, but Nicocles himself succeeded in making his escape. Aratus restored equality of political rights to the Sicyonians, striking a bargain for those in
Strabo, Geography, Book 8, chapter 6 (search)
y twelve) from the sea;"The city built by Aegialeus on the plain was demolished by Demetrius the son of Antigonus (Poliorcetes), who founded the city of today near what was once the ancient acropolis" (Paus. 2.7. and the old settlement, which has a harbor, is a naval station. The River Nemea forms the boundary between Sicyonia and Corinthia. Sicyon was ruled by tyrants most of the time, but its tyrants were always reasonable men, among whom the most illustrious was Aratus,Cf. Polybius, 4.8 who not only set the city free,251 B.C. but also ruled over the Achaeans, who voluntarily gave him the authority,Strabo refers to the Achaean League (see 8. 7. 3). and he increased the league by adding to it both his native Sicyon and the other cities near it. But Hyperesia and the cities that come in their order after it, which the poet mentions,See 8. 7. 4 and the references. and the Aegialus as far as Dyme and the boundaries of Eleia already belonged to the Achaeans.Again the Achaean League.
Polybius, Histories, book 1, The Carthaginians Prosperous (search)
us. Thence they weighed anchor for Rome, and rashly ventured upon the open sea-line as the shortest; but while on their voyage they once more encountered so terrible a storm that they lost more than a hundred and fifty ships. The Romans after this misfortune, though they are eminently persistent in carrying out their undertakings, yet owing to the severity and frequencyB. C. 252. of their disasters, now yielded to the force of circumstances and refrained from constructing another fleet. B. C. 251. Coss. Lucius Caecilius Metellus, G. Furius Pacilus. All the hopes still left to them they rested upon their land forces: and, accordingly, they despatched the Consuls Lucius Caecilius and Gaius Furius with their legions to Sicily; but they only manned sixty ships to carry provisions for the legions. The fortunes of the Carthaginians had in their turn considerably improved owing to the catastrophes I have described. They now commanded the sea without let or hindrance, since the Romans had aba
Polybius, Histories, book 1, Roman Victory at Panormus (search)
Roman Victory at Panormus Meanwhile Hasdrubal noticed the terror displayed by B. C. 251. the Romans whenever they had lately found themselves in the presence of the enemy. He learnt also that one of the Consuls had departed and gone to Italy, and that Caecilius was lingering in Panormus with the other half of the army, with the view of protecting the corn-crops of the allies just then ripe for the harvest. Skirmishing at Panormus. He therefore got his troops in motion, marched out, and encamped on the frontier of the territory of Panormus. Caecilius saw well enough that the enemy had become supremely confident, and he was anxious to draw him on; he therefore kept his men within the walls. Hasdrubal imagined that Caecilius dared not come out to give him battle. Elated with this idea, he pushed boldly forward with his whole army and marched over the pass into the territory of Panormus. But though he was destroying all the standing crops up to the very walls of the town, Caecilius was n
Polybius, Histories, book 4, Character of Aratus (search)
in intrigue, stratagem, and laying plots against a foe, and in bringing them to a successful termination by personal endurance and courage, he was pre-eminent. Many clear instances of these qualities may be found; but none more convincing than the episodes of the capture of Sicyon and Mantinea, of the expulsion of the Aetolians from Pellene, and especially of the surprise of the Acrocorinthus.The capture of Sicyon and expulsion of the tyrant Nicocles was the earliest exploit of Aratus, B. C. 251. Plutarch, Arat. 4-9. The taking of the Acrocorinthus from the Macedonian garrison was in B. C. 23, ib. ch. 19-24. For the affair at Pellene see ib. 31. The capture of Mantinea was immediately after a defeat by Cleomenes. See Plutarch, Cleom 5. On the other hand whenever he attempted a campaign in the field, he was slow in conception and timid in execution, and without personal gallantry in the presence of danger. The result was that the Peloponnese was full of trophies which marked reverses
he son of Cleinias, and was born at Sicyon, B. C. 271. On the murder of his father by Abantidas [ABANTIDAS], Aratus was saved from the general extirpation of the family by Soso, his uncle's widow, who conveyed him to Argos, where he was brought up. When he had reached the age of twenty, he gained possession of his native city by the help of some Argians, and the cooperation of the remainder of his party in Sicyon itself, without loss of life, and deprived the usurper Nicocles of his power, B. C. 251. (Comp. Plb. 2.43.) Through the influence of Aratus, Sicyon now joined the Achaean league, and Aratus himself sailed to Egypt to obtain Ptolemy's alliance, in which he succeeded. In B. C. 245 he was elected general (strathgo/s) of the league, and a second time in 243. In the latter of these years he took the citadel of Corinth from the Macedonian garrison, and induced the Corinthian people to join the league. It was chiefly through his instrumentality that Megara, Troezen, Epidaurus, Arg
Metellus 1. L. Caecilius Metellus, L. F. C. N., consul B. C. 251, with C. Furius Pacilus, in the first Carthaginian war, was sent with his colleague into Sicily to oppose Hasdrubal, the Carthaginian general. The Roman soldiers were so greatly alarmed at the elephants in the Carthaginian army, that their generals did not venture to attack the enemy, but lay inactive for a long time. At last, when Furius Pacilus returned to Italy with a part of the forces, Hasdrubal availed himself of the opportunity to attack Panormus, but was entirely defeated by Metellus, who slew a great number of his troops, and captured all his elephants, which he afterwards exhibited in his triumph at Rome. This victory established the Roman supremacy in Sicily, and may be said to have had a decisive influence on the fate of the war. (Plb. 1.39, 40; Flor. 2.2.27; Eutrop. 2.24; Oros. 4.9; Frontin. Strateg. 2.5.4; Cic. de Rep. 1.1; Liv. Epit. 19; Plin. Nat. 7.43. s. 45; Dionys. A. R. 2.66.) In B. C. 249, Metellu
Pa'cilus 3. C. FURIUS C.F. C. N. PACILUS (Fasti Capit.), was consul B. C. 251 with L. Cacilius Metells in the first Punie war. The history of their consulship is given under METELLUS, No. 1.
Sosi'bius 2. A distinguished Lacedaemonian grammarian, who flourished in the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus (about B. C. 251), and was contemporary with Callimachus. (Ath. xi. p. 493f., iv. p. 144. e.) He was one of those writers who employed themselves in solving the difficulties met with in the ancient authors, and who were therefore called *Lutikoi/ or e)pilutikoi/, in opposition to the e)nstatikoi/, who employed their ingenuity in proposing problems for others to solve. (Suid. s.v. Ath. xi. p. 493f.) Works The following works of his are quoted : -- 1. *Perl\ *)Alkma=nos (Ath. iii. p 115, a., xiv. p. 646a., p. 648b.) 2. *Peri\ tw=n e)n *Lakedal/moni qusiw=n (Ath. xv. p. 674a., p. 678b.) 3. *(Omoio/thtes (Ath. xv. p. 690e.) 4. A Chronography Entitled peri\ xro/nwn (Ath. xiv. p. 635f.) or xronw=n a)nagrafh/ (Clem. Alex. Strom. vol. i. p. 327c.) Work on the ancient Dorian comedy One of his works, but we are not told which, contained information respecting the ancient
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Aratus (search)
Aratus of Sicyon, soldier and statesman (271-213), removed the tyrant Nicoles (251) and averted financial ruin, 2.81, 82. leader of the Achaean League; poisoned by order of Philip of Macedon.