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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK II. AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD AND THE ELEMENTS., CHAP. 113.—THE HARMONICAL PROPORTION OF THE UNIVERSE. (search)
her of Antioch, and an opponent of the views of Eratosthenes. Cicero declares that he himself was unable to understand a thousandth part of his work., DicæarchusA Peripatetic philosopher and geographer, of Messina in Sicily. He studied under Aristotle and wrote several works, the principal of which was an account of the history, geography, and moral and religious condition of Greece. A few fragments only are extant., ArchimedesOf Syracuse, the most famous mathematician of antiquity, born B.C. 287. A few only of his works have come down to us, published at Oxford in 1792, by Torelli., Onesi- critusBorn either at Astypalæa or Ægina. He was chief pilot of the fleet of Alexander during the descent of the Indus and the voyage to the Persian Gulf. He wrote a work called the "Alexandropædia," or Education of Alexander. In his description of what he saw in India, many fables and falsehoods are said to have been interwoven, so much so that the work (which is now lost) is said to have resemb
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., The Roman Constitution. (search)
people, populus, —the patricians being excluded from it. But these were now reduced to a few noble families, whose members would not have cared to take part in this democratic assembly even if they had been permitted; and by the Hortensian Law (B.C. 287) acts of this assembly, plebiscita, had received the validity of laws. This plebeian assembly elected the plebeian magistrates (tribunes, plebeian aediles). It was also the principal organ for making laws. The Comitia Centuriata, which electessembly, known as comitia tributa, the plebeian magistrates (tribunes and plebeian aediles) See p. lx. were chosen, and laws were passed, plebiscita, which of course were originally binding only upon the plebs, but which, by the Hortensian Law (B.C. 287), received the force of leges (see p. lv, above); fines were likewise imposed by this assembly. Out of these original powers had been developed a very extensive criminal jurisdiction, which made the tribunes and aediles the chief prosecuting of
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AESCULETUM (search)
AESCULETUM a grove of oaks in the campus Martius (Varro, LL v. 152), in which the assembly met in 287 B.C. to pass the Hortensian laws (Plin. NH xvi. 37). If the VICUA AESC(U)LETI (q.v.) took its name from the grove, it must have been a little north of the. modern ponte Garibaldi (HJ 521-522).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
34. Monument ad Ficum Ruminalem, 208. Temple of Bellona vowed (dedicated some years later), 82. 295of Juppiter Victor, 306. of Venus Obsequens begun, 552. 294of Victory on Palatine dedicated, 570. of Juppiter Stator vowed, 303. 293of Fors Fortuna, 212. of Quirinus dedicated, 438. Colossal statue of Juppiter set up on Capitol, 49. 291Via Appia probably prolonged to Venusia, 559. Return of embassy from Epidaurus and foundation of Temple of Aesculapius, 2, 282. 287Assembly meets in Aesculetum, 3. 281Via Appia prolonged to Tarentum, 559. 272Temple of Consus on Aventine, 141. Anio Vetus begun, 12. 268Temple of Tellus vowed, 511. 267of Pales, 38x. 264of Vortumnus, 584. Via Appia prolonged to Brundusium, 559. 260(after). Columnae of Duilius, 134. Temple of Janus in Foro Holitorio, 277. 259of Tempestates, 511. 255Columna rostrata of M. Aemilius Paullus, 134. 254 or 250Temple of Fides on Capitol, 209. 241Temple of Vesta burnt, 557. Statue of J
Getae, and sent back to his father with presents; but Lysimachus, notwithstanding, marched against the Getae, and was taken prisoner himself. He too was also released by Dromichaetis, who received in consequence the daughter of Lysimachus in marriage. According to some authors it was only Agathocles, and according to others only Lysimachus, who was taken prisoner. (Diod. Exc. xxi. p. 559, ed. Wess.; Paus. 1.9.7; Strab. vii. pp. 302, 305; Plut. Demetr. c. 39, de ser. num. vind. p. 555d.) In B. C. 287, Agathocles was sent by his father against Demetrius Poliorcetes, who had marched into Asia to deprive Lysimachus of Lydia and Caria. In this expedition he was successful; he defeated Lysimachus and drove him out of his father's provinces. (Plut. Demetr. c. 46.) Agathocles was destined to be the successor of Lysimachus, and was popular along his subjects; but his step-mother, Arsinoe, prejudiced the mind of his father against him; and after an unsuccessful attempt to poison him, Lysimachus
Andragathus (*)Andra/gaqos) was left by Demetrius in command of Amiphipolis, B. C. 287, but treacherously surrendered it to Lysimachus. (Polyaen. 4.12.2
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Anti'gonus Go'natas (*)Anti/gonos *Gonata=s), son of Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila (the daughter of Antipater), and grandson of Antigonus, king of Asia. [ANTIGONIDAE.] When his father Demetrius was driven out of Macedonia by Pyrrhus, in B. C. 287, and crossed over into Asia, Antigonus remained in Peloponnesus ; but he did not assume the title of king of Macedonia till after his father's death in Asia in B. C. 283. It was some years, however, before he obtained possession of his paternal dominions. Pyrrhus was deprived of the kingdom by Lysimachus (B. C. 286); Lysimachus was succeeded by Seleucus (280), who was murdered by Ptolemy Ceraunus. Ceraunus shortly after fell in battle against the Gauls, and during the next three years there was a succession of claimants to the throne. Antigonus at last obtained possession of the kingdom in 277, notwithstanding the opposition of Antiochus, the son of Seleucus, who laid claim to the crown in virtue of his father's conquests. But he withdrew
Archime'des (*)Arximh/dhs), of Syracuse, the most famous of ancient mathematicians, was born B. C. 287, if the statement of Tzetzes, which makes him 75 years old at his death, be correct. Of his family little is known. Plutarch calls him a relation of king Hiero; but Cicero (Tusc. Disp. 5.23), contrasting him apparently not with Dionysius (as Torelli suggests in order to avoid the contradiction), but with Plato and Archytas, says, " humilem homunculum a pulvere et radio excitabo." At any rate, his actual condition in life does not seem to have been elevated (Silius Ital. 14.343), though he was certainly a friend, if not a kinsman, of Hiero. A modern tradition makes him an ancestor of the Syracusan virgin martyr St. Lucy. (Rivaltus, in vit. Archim. Mazzuchelli, p. 6.) In the early part of his life he travelled into Egypt, where he is said, on the authority of Proclus, to have studied under Conon the Samian, a mathematician and astronomer (mentioned by Virg. Eel. 3.40), who lived und
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Poliorcetes (search)
dominions in Asi`a, and now hastened to conclude a peace with Pyrrhus, that he might continue his preparations uninterrupted. These were on a most gigantic scale: if we may believe Plutarch, he had assembled not less than 98,000 foot and near 12,000 horse, as well as a fleet of 500 ships, among which were some of 15 and 16 banks of oars. (Plut. Demetr. 43.) But before he was ready to take the field, his adversaries, alarmed at his preparations, determined to forestall him. In the spring of B. C. 287, Ptolemy sent a powerful fleet against Greece, while Pyrrhus (notwithstanding his recent treaty) on the one side and Lysimachus on the other simultaneously invaded Macedonia. But Demetrius's greatest danger was from the disaffection of his own subjects, whom he had completely alienated by his proud and haughty bearing, and his lavish expenditure on his own luxuries. He first marched against Lysimachus, but alarmed at the growing discontent among his troops, he suddenly returned to face Pyr
, Demochares fortified Athens by repairing its walls, and provided the city with ammunition and provision. In the second year of that war (a. 100.296) he was sent as ambassador, first to Philip (Seneca, de Ira, 3.23), and afterwards to Antipater, the son of Cassander. (Polyb. l.c.) In the same year he concluded a treaty with the Boeotians, in consequence of which he was expelled soon after by the antidemocratic party, probably through the influence of Lachares. In the archonship of Diodes, B. C. 287 or 286, however, he again returned to Athens, and distinguished himself in the administration of the public finances, especially by reducing the expenditure. About B. C. 282 he was sent as ambassador to Lysimachus, from whom he obtained at first thirty, and afterwards one hundred talents. At the same time he proposed an embassy to the king of Egypt, from which the Athenians gained the sum of fifty talents. The last act of his life of which we have any record, is that, in B. C. 280, in the
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