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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 5 5 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 4 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Syrian Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER X (search)
CHAPTER X Seleucus, Antiochus, and Stratonice -- Seleucus divides his Kingdom -- Death of Seleucus -- Death of Lysimachus Y.R. 461 Seleucus, while still living, appointed his son, Antiochus, B.C. 293 king of upper Asia in place of himself. If this seems noble and kingly on his part, even nobler and wiser was his behavior in reference to his son's falling in love, and his self-restraint in suffering; for Antiochus was in love with Stratonice, the wife of Seleucus, his own stepmother, who had already borne a child to Seleucus. Recognizing the wickedness of this passion, Antiochus did nothing wrong, nor did he show his feelings, but he fell sick, took to his bed, and longed for death. Nor could the celebrated physician, Erasistratus, who was serving Seleucus at a very high salary, form any diagnosis of his malady. At length, observing that his body was free from all the symptoms of disease, he conjectured that this was some condition of the mind, through which th
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXIX. REMEDIES DERIVED FROM LIVING CREATURES., CHAP. 22.—REMEDIES DERIVED FROM THE OTHER SERPENTS. (search)
tions from snakes, by the aid of which the language of birds, he says, may be understood.A favourite reverie with the learned of the East. Dupont de Nemours, Ajasson informs us, has left several Essays on this subject. The Æsculapian snake was first brought to Rome from Epidaurus,In Peloponnesus, the principal seat of his worship. A very full account of his introduction, under the form of a huge serpent, into the city of Rome, is given by Ovid, Met. B. xv. 1. 544, et seq. This took place B.C. 293. but at the present day it is very commonly reared in our housesAmong the snakes that are tamed, Ajasson enumerates the Coluber flagelliformis of Dandin, or American coach-whip snake; the Coluber constructor of Linnæus, or Black snake; and the Coluber viridiflavus of Lacepede. The Æsculapian serpent is still found in Italy. even; so much so, indeed, that if the breed were not kept down by the frequent conflagrations, it would be impossible to make head against the rapid increase of them. But
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 14 (search)
ommitted their cause to Fortune, with courage greater than their hopes. however, whether owing to their having assembled the fighting strength of all the Samnite nations, or because a contest on which everything was staked heightened their valour, they occasioned some perturbation amongst the Romans, even in an open battle. when Fabius saw that the enemy were nowhere giving way, he ordered Maximus his sonQuintus Fabius Maximus Gurges, aedile two years later (chap. xxxi. § 9) and consul 293 B.C. (chap. xlvii. § 5). and Marcus Valerius —military tribunes with whom he had hurried to the front —to go to the horsemen and tell them that if they remembered ever an occasion when the state had been helped by the horse, now was the time for them to exert their strength to preserve untarnished the glory of that body: in the struggle of infantry the enemy were yielding not an inch; no hope remained save in a charge of cavalry. addressing each of the young men by name, lie loaded t<
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AESCULAPIUS, AEDES (search)
AESCULAPIUS, AEDES the temple of Aesculapius erected on the island in the Tiber soon after 291 B.C. In consequence of a pestilence in Rome in 293 an embassy was sent to Epidaurus in 292 to bring back the statue of the god Aesculapius. This embassy returned in 291, bringing not the statue, but a serpent from Epidaurus that, on reaching Rome, abandoned the ship and swam to the island (Liv. x. 47; xi. ep.; Val. Max. i. 8. 2 in ripam Tiberis egressis legatis in insulam... transnavit) ; Ovid. Met. xv. 736-741; Plut. q.R. 94; Plin. NH xxix. 72; de vir. ill. 22). According to another tradition the first temple was built extra urbem, the second in insula (Plin. NH xxix. 16; Rend. Linc. 1917, 573-580; AJA 1919, 431). The whole island was consecrated to Aesculapius (see INSULA TIBERINA), the temple built, and dedicated on 1st January (Ov. Fast. i. 290-292; Hemerol. Praen. Ian. 1; CIL i 2. p. 305; Fast. Ant. ap. NS. 1921, 83). It was usually called aedes, but also templum (Val. Max. i. 8. 2;
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AREA CAPITOLINA (search)
own. The foundations of the house which Caligula laid here (Suet. Cal. 22, mox, quo propior esset-to Jupiter Capitolinus-in area Capitolina novae domus fundamenta iecit) must have been removed after his death. There were also many statues of various deities set up in the area and in the temples (Serv. ad Aen. ii. 319: in Capitolio omnium deorum simulacra colebantur; cf. Tert. Spect. 12; Jord.i. 2. 50-51; Rodocanachi 43-44). One of Jupiter, of colossal size, was erected by Sp. Carvilius in 293 B.C. and could be seen from the temple of Iuppiter Latiaris on the Alban mount (Plin. NH xxxiv. 34, 43); a second stood on a high pillar and after 63 B.C. was turned to face the east (Cic. Cat. iii. 20; de div. i. 20; Cass. Dio xxxvii. 9, 34; Obseq. 122). In 305B.C. a colossal statue of Hercules was placed in Capitolio (Liv. ix. 44), and another,It is uncertain which of these is referred to by Cass. Dio xlii. 26. the work of Lysippus, was brought from Tarentum in 209 (Plut. Fab. 22; Plin. NH x
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORS FORTUNA, FANUM (search)
trans Tiber(im) ad milliar(ium) prim(um) et sext(um); Fast. Esq.: Fort(i) For(tunae) t(rans) T(iberim) ad mil(liarium) I et VI; CIL i². p. 243, 211, 320), which, however, mention two such temples, one at the first, and the other at the sixth, milestone on the via Portuensis, the latter close to the grove of the Arval Brethren. Here were found four dedications to Fors Fortuna (CIL i². 977-80=NS 1904, 366; CIL vi. 167-9; cf. BC 1904, 317-324). Both had the same festival day, 24th June. In 293 B.C. Sp. Carvilius let the contract for a temple of Fors Fortuna near that of Servius (Liv. x. 46. 14: reliquo aere aedem Fortis Fortunae de manubiis faciendam locavit prope aedem eius deae ab rege Servio Tullio dedicatam). This was of course on the right bank of the river, but Carvilius' temple is mentioned nowhere else by name, nor is the day of its dedication known. It cannot be one of the two temples of the calendars, for they were five miles apart (vid. sup.), and there must, there- fore
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER VICTOR (search)
IUPPITER VICTOR In the battle of Sentinum, 295 B.C., the dictator, Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, vowed a temple (aedes) to Iuppiter Victor, to whom he afterwards offered the spoils collected from the Samnites in sacrifice (Liv. x. 29. 14, 18). Livy's statement (x. 42. 7) that in 293 L. Papirius, at the battle of Aquilonia, vowed a cup of new wine to luppiter Victor, is sometimes interpreted as meaning that Fabius' temple had been dedicated by that time, but this is quite hypothetical. According to Ovid (Fast. iv. 621) and Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 92, the day of dedication of the temple (templa) was the Ides of April. Josephus states (Ant. Iud. xix. 4. 3) that after the murder of Caligula in 41 A.D. the consuls summoned the senate ei)s to\ i(ero\n tou= nikhfo/rou *dio/s; and Cassius Dio (Ix. 35) mentions among the prodigies of 54 A.D. 17 h( au)to/matos tou= naou= tou= *dio\s tou= *nikai/ou a)/noicis. These all seem to refer to the same temple, presumably the same aedes Iovis Victoris
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
itol, 49. 304Shrine of Concord on Graecostasis, 138, 248. 303Temple of Salus dedicated, 462. IIIrd cent.Lower room of Carcer (?) 100. 296Clivus Martis paved, 123. Quadriga of Capitoline Temple replaced, 298. Sacellum Pudicitiae Plebeiae, 434. Monument ad Ficum Ruminalem, 208. Temple of Bellona vowed (dedicated some years later), 82. 295of Juppiter Victor, 306. of Venus Obsequens begun, 552. 294of Victory on Palatine dedicated, 570. of Juppiter Stator vowed, 303. 293of Fors Fortuna, 212. of Quirinus dedicated, 438. Colossal statue of Juppiter set up on Capitol, 49. 291Via Appia probably prolonged to Venusia, 559. Return of embassy from Epidaurus and foundation of Temple of Aesculapius, 2, 282. 287Assembly meets in Aesculetum, 3. 281Via Appia prolonged to Tarentum, 559. 272Temple of Consus on Aventine, 141. Anio Vetus begun, 12. 268Temple of Tellus vowed, 511. 267of Pales, 38x. 264of Vortumnus, 584. Via Appia prolonged to Brundusium, 55
, at Sicyon (Paus. 2.10.2), at Athens (1.21.7), near Patrae (7.21.6), at Titane in the territory of Sicyon (7.23.6), at Thelpusa (8.25.3), in Messene (4.31.8), at Phlius (2.13. § 3), Argos (2.23.4), Aegium (2.23.5), Pellene (7.27.5), Asopus (3.22.7), Pergamum (3.26.7), Lebene in Crete, Smyrna, Balagrae (2.26.7), Ambracia (Liv. 38.5), at Rome and other places. At Rome the worship of Aesculapius was introduced from Epidaurus at the command of the Delphic oracle or of the Sibylline books, in B. C. 293, for the purpose of averting a pestilence. Respecting the miraculous manner in which this was effected see Valerius Maximus (1.8.2), and Ovid. Met. 15.620, &c.; comp. Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, iii. p. 408, &c.; Liv. 10.47, 29.11; Suet. Cl. 25.) The sick, who visited the temples of Aesculapius, had usually to spend one or more nights in his sanctuary (kaqeu/dein, ineubare, Paus. 2.27 § 2), during which they observed certain rules prescribed by the priests. The god then usually revealed the
Brutus 6. D. Junius Brutus Scaeva, D. F., legate B. C. 293 in the army of the consul Sp. Carvilius Maximus, and consul in 292. (Liv. 10.43, 47.) In his consulship he conquered the Faliscans: Sp. Carvilius, the consul of the preceding year, served under him as legate by command of the senate. (Zonar. 8.1.)
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