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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
COLUMNA MAENIA a column erected in 338 B.C. in honour of C. Maenius, the victor in the naval battle at Antium (Plin. NH xxxiv. 20), which stood near the basilica Porcia and the Carcer (Plin. NH vii. 212; Cic. div. in Caec. 50; pro Sest. 18 and schol. Bob. ad loc.; Plut. Cato min. 5). Another tradition, probably false, attributed the column to a later Maenius who, when he sold his house to Cato the Censor to make room for the basilica Porcia, reserved one column that he might use it as a support for the platform from which to view the games in the forum (Asc. in Cic. div. in Caec. 50, p. 120, Or.; Porphyr. ad Hor. Sat. i. 3. 21; BC 1914, 106). This column was standing in the fourth century (Sym. Ep. v. 54. 3; Jord. i. 2. 345; Mitt. 1893, 84, 92; O'Connor, Bull. Univ. Wisconsin iii. 188-192; Gilb. iii. 212-213; DR 469, 470).
ROSTRA the original platform from which the orators addressed the people. It took its name from the beaks of the ships captured from the people of Antium in 338 B.C. with which it was decorated (Plin. NH xxxiv. 20; Liv. viii. 14. 12). It was situated on the south side of the Comitium in front of the Curia Hostilia (Varro, LL v. 155; Diodor. xii. 26; Ascon. in Milon. 12: ad comitium prope iuncta Curiae; cf. Plin. NH vii. 212） in close connection with the SEPULCRUM ROMULI (q.v.), i.e. between the Comitium and forum, so that the speaker could address the people assembled in either. It is spoken of as the most prominent place in the forum (Plin. NH xxxiv. 24: senatus statuam poni iussit quam oculatissimo loco, eaque est in rostris; cf. Dionys. Hal. i. 87:e)n tw=| krati/stw| xwri/w| para\ toi=s e)mbo/lois). It was consecrated as a templum (Liv. ii. 56; Cic. in Vatin. 24), and on it were placed statues of famous men (Cic. Phil. ix. 16) in such numbers that at times they had to be remo
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)