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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 19 19 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 4 4 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 3-4 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XVI, Chapter 66 (search)
345/4 B.C.When Eubulus was archon at Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Marcus Fabius and Servius Sulpicius.Eubulus was archon from July 345 to June 344 B.C. Broughton (1.131) gives the consuls of 345 B.C. as M. Fabius Dorsuo and Servius Sulpicius Camerinus Rufus. In this year Timoleon the Corinthian, who had been chosen by his fellow-citizens to command in Syracuse, made ready for his expedition to Sicily. He enrolled seven hundred mercenaries and, putting his men aboard four triremes and three fast-sailing ships, set sail from Corinth. As he coasted along he picked up three additional ships from the Leucadians and the Corcyraeans, and so with ten ships he crossed the Ionian Gulf.The narrative is continued from chap. 65. There is a parallel but often differing account of these events in Plut. Timoleon 7.1-3; 8.3, where the ten ships are itemized as seven Corinthian, one Leucadian, and two Corcyraean. This distinction between t
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XVI, Chapter 69 (search)
344/3 B.C.When Lyciscus was archon at Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Marcus Valerius and Marcus Publius, and the one hundred and ninth Olympiad was celebrated, in which Aristolochus the Athenian won the foot-race.Lyciscus was archon at Athens from July 344 to June 343 B.C. The Olympic Games were celebrated in mid-summer of 344 B.C. M. Valerius Corvus and M. Popilius Laenas were consuls in 348 B.C. (Broughton, 1.129). In this year the first treaty was concluded between the Romans and the Carthaginians.This treaty is mentioned also by Livy 7.27.2, and Polybius 3.24. Diodorus does not know of the earlier treaty given by Polybius 3.22 (cp. H. M. Last, Cambridge Ancient History, 7 (1928), 859 f.; A. Aymard, Revue des Etudes Anciennes, 59 (1957), 277-293). In Caria, Idrieus, the ruler of the Carians, died after ruling seven years, and Ada, his sister and wife, succeeding him, ruled for four years.Continued from chap. 45.7. In Sicily,
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XVI, Chapter 74 (search)
341/0 B.C.When Nicomachus was archon at Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Gaius Marcius and Titus Manlius Torquatus.Nicomachus was archon at Athens from July 341 to June 340 B.C. The consuls of 344 B.C. were C. Marcius Rutilius and T. Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus (Broughton, 1.132). In this year, Phocion the Athenian defeated and expelled Cleitarchus, the tyrant of Eretria who had been installed by Philip. In Caria, Pizodarus,Above, Chap. 69.2. the younger of the brothers, ousted Ada from her rule as dynast and held sway for five years until Alexander's crossing over into Asia.Philip, whose fortunes were constantly on the increase, made an expedition against Perinthus, which had resisted him and inclined toward the Athenians.These events in Philip's career are barely noticed by Justin 9.1.25-5, and only casual references to them occur elsewhere. He instituted a siege and advancing engines to the city assailed the walls in relays day a
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XVI, Chapter 94 (search)
Pausanias, nevertheless, nursed his wrath implacably,These events cannot be dated exactly, but they must have occurred some years before the assassination of Philip, perhaps as early as 344 B.C. (Berve, Alexanderreich, 2, p. 308). Pausanias waited a long time for his revenge, and it is curious that he chose the occasion most advantageous for Alexander. and yearned to avenge himself, not only on the one who had done him wrong, but also on the one who failed to avenge him. In this design he was encouraged especially by the sophist Hermocrates.No sophist Hermocrates is otherwise known at this time, but it may be possible to identify this man with the grammarian of the same name who is best known to fame as the teacher of Callimachus. For the latter cp. F. Susemihl, Geschichte der griechischen Litteratur in der Alexandrinerzeit, 2 (1892), 668; O. Stählin, W. Schmid, W. von Christs Geschichte der griechischen Litteratur (6), 2.1 (
Polybius, Histories, book 12, Sophistical Commonplaces (search)
far as the city walls, while in peace it extends to the frontier of the territory"—and so on. I wonder what other arguments would have been employed by a youth who had just devoted himself to scholastic exercises and studies in history; and who wished, according to the rules of the art, to adapt his words to the supposed speakers? Just these I think which Timaeus represents Hermocrates as using. Again, in the same book, Timoleon is exhorting theTimoleon's victory over the Carthaginians, B.C. 344. Greeks to engage the Carthaginians;Battle of the Crimesus. See Plutarch, Timol. ch. 27. and when they are on the very point of coming to close quarters with the enemy, who are many times superior to them in number, Timaeus represents him as saying, "Do not look to the numbers of the foe, but to their cowardice. For though Libya is fully settled and abounds in inhabitants, yet when we wish to express complete desolation we say 'more desolate than Libya,' not meaning to refer to its emptiness,
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 4 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 7 (search)
pronius Atratinus. In their consulship the treaty with the Ardeates was renewed; and in this lies the proof that these men were consuls that year, although their names are found neither in the ancient annalsPerhaps the Annales Maximi. nor in the lists of magistrates;Livy perhaps has in mind libri consulares, or lists of consuls. I suppose that, because there were military tribunes in the beginning of the year, the consuls who were elected in their place were passed over as if the tribunes had been in power throughout the year. Licinius Macer testifies that the names of these consuls were given both in the treaty with Ardea and in the Linen Rolls in the temple of Moneta.The temple of Juno Moneta was erected on the Capitoline Hill in 344 B.C. (VII. xxviii. 6). The Linen Rolls which Livy tells us were preserved there contained chronological lists of magistrates. Things were quiet both abroad and at home, despite the numerous alarms which neighbouring states had caused.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ARX (search)
, to which reference is frequently made (Liv. iv. 18. 6; xxxix. 15. II ; Fest. 103; Macrob. i. 16. 15; Serv. Aen. viii. 1), and the trumpet blown (Varro vi. 92). Titus Tatius is said to have lived on the arx (Solin. i. 21), and also M. Manlius Capitolinus, whose house was destroyed in 384 B.C., when the senate decreed that henceforth no patrician should dwell on the arx or Capitolium (Liv. v. 47. 8; vi. 20. 13). On the site of this house, Camillus erected the temple of IUNO MONETA (q.v.) in 344 B.C. One other temple certainly stood on the arx, that of Concord dedicated in 217 B.C., and possibly two others, of VEIOVIS and HONOS ET VIRTUS (qq.v.). There is no record of any other public buildings on the arx, but on its north-east corner was the AUGURACULUM (q.v.), a grassy open space where the augurs took their observations. The original topography of the arx is quite uncertain; for the construction of the church and cloisters of S. Maria in Aracoeli in the ninth century changed comple
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
ed, 330. 392of Juno Regina on Aventine dedicated, 290. 390The Gallic fire: debris in Comitium, 135, 451; Regia burnt, 441; Templ of Vesta burnt, 557. Ara Aii Locutii dedicated by Senate, 3. 389(after). Via Latina, 564. 388Area Capitolina enlarged, 48. Temple of Mars on Via Appia, 328. 384Patrians forbidden to dwell on Arx or Capitol, 54, 97. 378Fortifications of Palatine, 376. 377-353The 'Servian ' walls rebuilt, 353. 375Temple of Juno Lucina, 288. 367of Concord vowed, 138. 344Camills builds Temple of Juno Moneta, 54, 289. 338Columna Maenia, 131. (after). The Rostra decorated with prows, 450. 329First carceres in Circus Maximus, 114. 325Templ of uirins vowed, 438. 312Aqua Appia and Via Appia constructed, 2a, 559. 311Temple of Salus vowed, 462. 310Gilded shields used to decorate Tabernae in Forum, 504. 306Temple of Salus begun, 462. Equus Tremuli, 202. 305Colossal statue of Hercules placed on Capitol, 49. 304Shrine of Concord on Graecostasis, 138, 248. 303T
Ada (*)/Ada), the daughter of Hecatomnus, king of Caria, and sister of Mausolus, Artemisia, Idrieus, and Pixodarus. She was married to her brother Idrieus, who succeeded Artemisia in B. C. 351 and died B. C. 344. On the death of her husband she succeeded to the throne of Caria, but was expelled by her brother Pixodarus in B. C. 340; and on the death of the latter in B. C. 335 his son-in-law Orontobates received the satrapy of Caria from the Persian king. When Alexander entered Caria in B. C. 334, Ada, who was in possession of the fortress of Alinda, surrendered this place to him and begged leave to adopt him as her son. After taking Halicarnassus, Alexander committed the government of Caria to her. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 1.23; Diod. 16.42, 74; Strab. xiv. pp. 656, 657; Plut. Alex. 10
Andro'machus 2. Ruler of Tauromenium in the middle of the fourth century B. C., and the father of the historian Timaeus, is said to have been by far the best of the rulers of Sicily at that time. He assisted Timoleon in his expedition against Dionysius, B. C. 344. (Diod. 16.7, 68; Plut. Tim. 10.) Respecting the statement of Diodorus that he founded Tauromenium, see Wesseling, ad Diod. 14.59.
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