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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 15 15 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 31-34 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. Professor of Latin and Head of the Department of Classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 2 2 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Minor Works (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.) 1 1 Browse Search
Aristotle, Rhetoric (ed. J. H. Freese) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Economics, Book 2, section 1350b (search)
The men, unable to believe that Timotheus would have sacrificed so large a sum to them unless he was in truth expecting the money, made no further claim for pay until he had completed his dispositions.At the siege of Samos,In 366 B.C. Timotheus sold the crops and other country property to the besieged Samians themselves, and thus obtained plenty of money to pay his men. But finding the camp was short of provisions owing to the arrival of reinforcements, he forbade the sale of milled corn, or of any measure less than 1 1/2 bushels of corn or 8 1/2 gallons of wine or oil. Accordingly the officers bought supplies wholesale and issued them to their men; the reinforcements thenceforth brought their own provisions, and sold any surplus on their departure. In this
Aristotle, Rhetoric (ed. J. H. Freese), book 1, chapter 7 (search)
: (a) the first principle (suggesting the plot) is said to be of more importance (worse) than the end or result (carrying out the plot); (b) on the other hand, this end is said to be worse than the first principle, since the end is superior to the means. Thus the question of the amount of guilt can be argued both ways. Thus, Leodamas, when accusing Callistratus,Oropus, a frontier-town of Boeotia and Attica, had been occupied by the Thebans (366 B.C.). Callistratus suggested an arrangement which was agreed to and carried out by Chabrias—that the town should remain in Theban possession for the time being. Negotiations proved unsuccessful and the Thebans refused to leave, whereupon Chabrias and Callistratus were brought to trial. Leodamas was an Athenian orator, pupil of Isocrates, and pro-Theban in his political views. declared that the man who had given the advicewas more guilty
Isocrates, To Philip (ed. George Norlin), section 53 (search)
plendid victoryBattle of Leuctra, 371 B.C. and covered themselves with glory, but because they did not make good use of their success they are now in no better case than those who have suffered defeat and failure. For no sooner had they triumphed over their foes than, neglecting everything else, they began to annoy the cities of the Peloponnese;Epaminondas invaded the Peloponnese in 369, 368, 366, 362, stirring up the cities there against Sparta. Dio. Sic. 15.62-75. they made bold to reduce Thessaly to subjection;By conquering Alexander of Pherae. Dio. Sic. 15.67. they threatened their neighbors, the Megarians;The Megarians sided with Sparta when Agesilaus invaded Boeotia in 378. Xen. Hell. 5.4.41. they robbed our city of a portion of its territory;The border town of Oropus, 366 B.C. Xen. Hell. 7.4.1. they ravaged Euboea;See Dem. 18.99. they sent men-of-war to Byzantium,One hundred ships under Epaminondas, 364 B.C. Dio. Sic. 15.78-79. as if they purposed to rule both land and sea;
Isocrates, Archidamus (ed. George Norlin), section 12 (search)
for they are trying to persuade us to throw away in one brief hour the glory which our forefathers amid manifold dangers during the course of seven hundred yearsA round number for the period between 1104 B.C., the traditional date when the sons of Heracles took Sparta, and the date of the present oration, 366 B.C. acquired and bequeathed to us—a disaster more humiliating to Lacedaemon and more terrible than any other they could ever have devised
Isocrates, Plataicus (ed. George Norlin), section 20 (search)
And yet what man would not detest the greedy spirit of these Thebans, who seek to rule the weaker, but think they must be on terms of equality with the stronger and who begrudge your city the territory ceded by the Oropians,Oropus, a town on the frontier between Attica and Boeotia, was long a bone of contention. In 412 B.C. it was treacherously taken by Thebes (Thucydides viii. 60); at some time after 402 B.C. it was under Athenian protection; in 366 B.C. Oropus was again seized by Thebes, but in 338 B.C. Philip gave the town to Athens. yet themselves forcibly seize and portion out territory not their o
Isocrates, Antidosis (ed. George Norlin), section 111 (search)
After these exploits he led an expedition against Samos;Captured by Timotheus in 366 B.C. For the campaign see Grote, History, vol. x. pp. 54 ff. and that city which Pericles, renowned above all others for his wisdom, his justice, and his moderation, reduced with a fleet of two hundred ships and the expenditure of a thousand talents,Pericles was one of the generals who put down the revolt of Samos from the Athenian Confederacy in 440 B.C. See Thuc. 1.116. Timotheus, without receiving from you or collecting from your allies any money whatsoever, captured after a siege of ten months with a force of eight thousand light-armed troops and thirty triremes, and he paid all these forces from the spoils of war.
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 7, chapter 2 (search)
When these matters had progressed to this366 B.C. point and the Argives had fortified Mount Tricaranum, above the Heraeum, as a base of attack upon Phlius, while the so as not to trample it down. On another occasion the Theban governor at Sicyon366 B.C. marched upon Phlius at the head of the garrison which he had under his own comeum. When, however, the people in the city perceived that the enemy had set out366 B.C. for the plain, the horsemen and the picked troops of the Phliasians sallied foe other returned to the city. Another noble deed which the Phliasians performed366 B.C. was this: when they had made a prisoner of Proxenus, the Pellenean, even thougattack, while at the same time they shouted to Chares to come to their aid. And366 B.C. when victory had been achieved and the enemy driven out of the road, in this w were proceeding to the place whure he was sacrificing, Chares and the seer met366 B.C. them0and said that the sacrifices were favourable. “Wait for us,” they said, “<
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 7, chapter 3 (search)
nt in the war, and how, though in wqnt of everything, they remained steadfast in their alliance,366 B.C. has been told. At about this time Aeneas the Stymphalian, who had become general of the Arcadia came back again. And with the help of the commons he was master of the town; a Theban governor,366 B.C. however, held the Acropolis, and since Euphron realized that with the Thebans holding the Acrope has come here? We, then, arraign these men as utterly unrighteous, unjust, and lawless, and as366 B.C. having shown the utmost contempt for our city. It is for you, after you have heard, to inflict ersaries? Once again, was he not beyond question a tyrant, when he made slaves not only free me~366 B.C. but even citizens, and put to death and banished and robbed of property, not the people who were before, does one say that he has not been slain justly? Where can such a one show that a truce366 B.C. exists between Greeks and traitors, or double-deserters, or tyrants? Besides all this, remember
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 7, chapter 4 (search)
f the Sicyonians in its turn was recaptured by the citizens of Sicyon themselves and the Arcadians; as for the Athenians,366 B.C. none of their allies came to their assistance, and they retired and left Oropus in the possession of the Thebans pendingtructions to their generals to see to it that Corinth also should be kept safe for the Athenian people; and on hearing of366 B.C. this the Corinthians speedily sent adequate garrisons of their own to every place where Athenians were on guard and toldity but likewise inflicted much harm upon their enemies near home; but to Thebes they sent messengers to ask whether they366 B.C. could obtain peace if they came for it. And when the Thebans bade them come, saying that peace would be granted, the Corers — Messene. So the Corinthians, upon hearing these words, proceeded to Thebes to make the peace. The Thebans, however,366 B.C. wanted them to bind themselves to an alliance as well; but they replied that an alliance was not peace but an exchange o
Xenophon, Ways and Means (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.), chapter 3 (search)
on of our imports and exports, of sales, rents and customs. Now such additions to our revenues as these need cost us nothing whatever beyond benevolent legislation and measures of control. Other methods of raising revenue that I have in mind will require capital, no doubt. Nevertheless I venture to hope that the citizens would contribute eagerly towards such objects, when I recall the large sums contributed by the state when Lysistratus was in command and troops were sent to aid the Arcadians,366 B.C. and again in the time of Hegesileos.361 B.C. Hegesileos commanded at the battle of Mantinea. I am also aware that large expenditure is frequently incurred to send warships abroad, though none can tell whether the venture will be for better or worse, and the only thing certain is that the subscribers will never see their money back nor even enjoy any part of what they contribute. But no investment can yield them so fine a return as the money advanced by them to form the capital fund. For
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