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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 4 4 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Minor Works (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 377 BC or search for 377 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Calvus or Calvus Stolo (search)
Calvus or Calvus Stolo 3. C. Licinius Calvus, a son of No. 2, was consular tribune in B. C. 377, and magister equitum to the dictator P. Manlius in B. C. 368,--an office which was then conferred upon a plebeian for the first time. (Liv. 6.31, 39; Diod. 15.57.) Plutarch (Camill. 39) considers this magister equitum to be the same as the famous law-giver C. Licinius Calvus Stolo, who was then tribune of the people ; but it is inconceivable that a tribune should have held the office of magister equitum. Dio Cassius (Fragm. 33) likewise calls the magister equitum erroneously Licinius Stolo. (Comp. Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, iii. p. 27, n. 35.)
Cicuri'nus 8. C. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus, consular tribune B. C. 377, and a second time in 369 during the agitation of the Licinian laws. (Liv. 6.32, 36; Diod. 15.61, 77.)
Cincinna'tus 7. C. Quinctius Cincinnatus, consular tribune in B. C. 377. (Liv. 6.32.)
Dexippus (*De/cippos), called also Dioxippus, a physician of Cos, who was one of the pupils of the celebrated Hippocrates, and lived in the fourth century B. C. (Suid. s. v. *De/cippos.) Hecatomnus, prince of Caria (B. C. 385-377), sent for him to cure his sons, Mausolus and Pixodarus, of a dangerous illness, which he undertook to do upon condition that Hecatomnus should cease from waging war against his country. (Suid. ibid.) He wrote some medical works, of which nothing but the titles remain. He was blamed by Erasistratus for his excessive severity in restricting the quantity of drink allowed to his patients. (Galen, De Secta Opt. 100.14, vol. i. p. 144; Comment. I. in Hippocr. "De Rat. Vict. in Morb. Acut." 100.24, Comment. l.c. 38 and Comment. IV. 100.5. vol. xv. pp. 478, 703, 744; De Venae Sect. adv. Erasistr. 100.9, vol. xi. p. 182.) IIe is quoted by Plutarch (Sympos. 7.1) and Aulus Gellius (17.11) in the controversv that awas maintained among some of the ancient physicians as
e that the Prometheus who is mentioned by Xenophon as engaged in struggles against the old aristocratic families of Thessaly, with the aid of CRITIAS, was no other than Jason. (Xen. Mem. 1.2.24, Hell. 2.3.36; Schneid. ad loc.) It is at least certain that the surname in question could not have been applied more appropriately. He not only adopted, but expanded the ambitious designs of Lycophron, and he advanced towards the fulfilment of his schemes ably, energetically, and unscrupulously. In B. C. 377 we find him aiding Theogenes to seize the Acropolis of Histiaea in Euboea, from which, however, the latter was afterwards dislodged by the Lacedaemonians under Therippidas or Herippidas. (Diod. 15.30; Palm. and Wess. ad loc. ; Casaub. ad Polyaen. 2.21.) In B. C. 375 all the Thessalian towns had been brought under Jason's dominion, with the exception of Pharsalus, which had been entrusted by the citizens to the direction of POLYDAMAS. Alcetas I., king of Epeirus, was associated with him rat
of the Odrysae, to recover his kingdom, from which he had been expelled, possibly by Cotys (see Rehdantz, 2.4; Senec. Exc. Cont. 6.5.). Be that as it will, we find him not long after in alliance with the latter prince, who gave him his daughter in marriage, and perhaps enabled him to build the town of *Dru=s in Thrace (Dem. c. Arist. p. 663; Anaxand. apud Athen. iv. p. 131; Nep. Iph. 2, 3; Isaeus, de Haer. Menecl. § 7; Polyaen. 3.9; Suid. and Harpocr. s. v. *Dru=s.) When the Athenians, in B. C. 377, recalled Chabrias from the service of Acoris, king of Egypt, on the remonstrance of Pharnabazus, they also sent Iphicrates with 20,000 Greek mercenaries to aid the satrap in reducing Egypt to obedience. Several years, however, wasted by the Persians in preparation, elapsed before the allied troops set forth from Acè (Acre). They met with some success at first, till a dispute arose between Iphicrates and Pharnabazus, the former of whom was anxious to attack Memphis, while the over-cautious
Lyco'leon (*Lukole/wn), an Athenian orator, and a disciple of Isocrates, is mentioned only by Aristotle (Aristot. Rh. 3.10), who quotes a fragment of an oration of his u(pe\r *Xabri/on. As in that fragment mention is made of the bronze statue which was erected to Chabrias (Diod. 15.33; Nep. Chab. 1), it is evident that that oration must have been delivered after the year B. C. 377. [L.
Mauso'lus (*Mau/swlos or *Mau/sswlos, the latter form is that found on his coins), king or dynast of Caria, was the eldest son of Hecatomnus, whom he succeeded in the sovereignty. If the chronology of Diodorus be correct, his accession may be placed in B. C. 377. But the first occasion on which he appears in history is not till long afterwards, in B. C. 362, when he took part in the general revolt of the satraps against Artaxerxes Mnemon. (Diod. 15.90.) He is said to have at that time already possessed several strong fortresses and flourishing cities, of which his capital, Halicarnassus, was the most conspicuous; but he appears to have availed himself of the opportunity of that war to extend his dominions by conquest, having overrun great part of Lydia and Ionia as far as Miletus, and made himself master of several of the neighbouring islands. (Lucian. Dial. Mori. xxiv.; and comp. Polyaen. 7.23.2.) His ambition was next turned towards the more important acquisitions of Rhodes and Co
Menestheus (*Menesqeu/s), son of Iphicrates, the famous Athenian general, by the daughter of Cotys, king of Thrace. Hence he said that he owed more to his mother than to his father; for that the latter, as far as in him lay, had made him a Thracian; the former had made him an Athenian. (Nep. Iph. 3; comp. Vol. II. p. 617a.) He was born probably about B. C. 377 (see Rehdantz, Vit. Iphic. Chabr. Timoth. 2.4); and, as he grew up, his great height and size caused him to be thought older than he really was, so that he was called on, while yet a boy, to undertake leitoupgiai, a demand which Iphicrates resisted. (Arist. Rhet. 2.23.17.) He married the daughter of Timotheus; and in B. C. 356 was chosen commander in the Social war, his father and his father-in-law, according to C. Nepos, being appointed to aid him with their counsel and experience. They were all three impeached by their colleague, CHARES, for alleged misconduct and treachery in the campaign; but Iphicrates and Menestheus were
one up to court to marry the king's daughter. (Xen. Hell. 5.1.28, Ages. 3.3 ; Plut. Art. 27.) So far we are on sure ground ; but it is very difficult to decide to what period we should refer the unsuccessful expedition of the Persians to Egypt under Pharnabazus, Abrocomas, and Tithraustes. Rehldantz, however, gives some very probable reasons for placing it in B. C. 392-390. (Rehdantz, Vit. Iph., Chabr., Timoth. pp. 32, 239-242; comp. Isocr. Paneg. 69, d. ; Aristoph. Pl. 178; Just. 6.6.) In B. C. 377, Pharnabazus, by his remonstrances with the Athenians, obtained the recall of Chabrias from the service of Acoris, king of Egypt, and also a promise to send Iphicrates to co-operate with the Persian generals in the reduction of the rebellious province. The expedition, however, under Iphicrates and Pharnabazus ultimately failed iln B. C. 374, chiefly through the dilatory proceedings and the excessive caution of the latter, who excused himself to his colleague by the remark that while his wo
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