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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 9 9 Browse Search
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Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 5, chapter 3 (search)
y treat an elder. In the place, then, of Agesipolis the Lacedaemonians sent out Polybiades to Olynthus as governor. Now Agesilaus had already gone beyond the time379 B.C. for which the food-supply in Phlius was said to suffice; for self-restraint in appetite differs so much from unrestrained indulgence that the Phliasians, by voti the city, thereupon they sent to Agesilaus and asked him to give them safe conduct for going on an embassy to Lacedaemon; for they said that they had resolved to379 B.C. leave it to the authorities of the Lacedaemonians to do whatever they would with the city. Agesilaus, however, angered because they treated him as one without auin to them by sea, to send to Lacedaemon to treat for peace; and those who went thither, being ambassadors with full powers, concluded a compact to count the same379 B.C. people enemies and friends as the Lacedaemonians did, to follow wherever they led the way, and to be their allies. Then after taking an oath that they would abid
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 5, chapter 4 (search)
s, just seven of the exiles were enough to destroy the government of these men.379 B.C. How all this came to pass I will proceed to relate. There was a certain Phillir they were that sort of men — expected to spend the night very pleasantly. Now379 B.C. when they had dined and with his zealous help had quickly become drunk, after When these things had been done, Phillidas took two of the men and went to the379 B.C. prison, and told the keeper of the prison that he was bringing a man from the l who were coming against them, — for there were also offers of large prizes to379 B.C. those who should first ascend the Acropolis — being frightened in consequence — this being the first time that he had a command, — in the dead of winter. Now379 B.C. the road which leads through Eleutherae was guarded by Chabrias with peltasts ith his army and was crossing the mountain ridge which runs down to the sea, it379 B.C. hurled down the precipice great numbers of packasses, baggage and all, whil
L. Albi'nius 2. A plebeian, who was conveying his wife and children in a cart out of the city, after the defeat on the Alia, B. C. 390, and overtook on the Janiculus, the priests and vestals carrying the sacred things: he made his family alight and took as many as he was able to Caere. (Liv. 5.40; V. Max. 1.1.10.) The consular tribune in B. C. 379, whom Livy (6.30) calls M. Albinius, is probably the same person as the above. (Comp. Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, ii. n. 1201.)
restore it, he applied to Sparta for aid. (Diod. 15.19.) A similar application was also made,B. C. 382, by the towns of Acanthus and Apollonia, which had been threatened by Olynthus for declining to join her confederacy. (Xen. Hell. 5.2.11, &c.) With the consent of the allies of Sparta, the required succour was given, under the command successively of Eudamidas (with whom his brother Phoebidas was associated), Teleutias, Agesipolis, and Polybiades, by the last of whom Olynthus was reduced, B. C. 379. (Diod. 15.19-23; Xen. Hell. 5.2, 3.) Throughout the war, the Spartans were vigorously seconded by Amyntas, and by Derdas, his kinsman, prince of Elymia. Besides this alliance with Sparta, which he appears to have preserved without interruption to his death, Amyntas united himself also with Jason of Pherae (Diod. 15.60), and carefully cultivated the friendship of Athens, with which state he would have a bond of union in their common jealousy of Olynthus and probably also of Thebes. Of his
Anti'stius 2. L. Antistius, consular tribune, B. C. 379. (Liv. 6.30.)
Calli'stratus 3. An Athenian orator, son of Callicrates of Aphidna, and nephew of the notorious Agyrrhius. (Dem. c. Timocr. p. 742.) We first hear of him in B. C. 379, as connected with the oligarchical party, and as sending to Thebes to warn Leontiades of the intended attempt on the Cadmeia by the exiles under Pelopidas; and yet in the following year, 378, he was joined with Chabrias and Timotheus in the command of the forces which were despatched to the assistance of Thebes against Agesilaus. (Plut. de Gen. Socrat. 31; Xen. Hell. 5.4.34; Diod. 15.29.) Still, however, he appears as the supporter at Athens of Spartan interests. Thus, in 373, he joined Iphicrates in the prosecution of Timotheus, who had been most active against Sparta in the western seas, and had, in fact, by his restoration of the Zacynthian exiles, caused the renewal of war after the short peace of 374. (Dem. c. Timoth. pp. 1187, 1188; Xen. Hell. 6.2. §§ 11-13, comp. 5.4.64, &c., 6.2. §§ 2, 3.) In 373 also, but befo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Capitoli'nus, Ma'nlius 7. P. Manlius Capitolinus, A. F. A. N., consular tribune in B. C. 379. He was created dictator in B. C. 368, as the successor of M. Furius Camillus, for the purpose of restoring peace between the two orders, and during his government the Licinian laws were carried. In the year following he was elected consular tribune a second time. (Liv. 6.30, 38, &c.; Plut. Camill. 39, 42.)
Charon (*Xa/rwn), a distinguished Theban, who exposed himself to much danger by concealing Pelopidas and his fellow-conspirators in his house, when they returned to Thebes with the view of delivering it from the Spartans and the oligarchical government, B. C. 379. Charon himself took an active part in the enterprise, and, after its success, was made Boeotarch together with Pelopidas and Mellon. (Xen. Hell. 5.4.3; Plut. Pelop. 7-13, de Gen. Soc. passim.) [E.
r their foundation some essential point of similarity and sympathy. According to some, their friendship originated in the campaign in which they served together on the Spartan side against Mantineia, where Pelopidas having fallen in a battle, apparently dead, Epaminondas protected his body at the imminent risk of his own life, B. C. 385. (Plut. Pel. 4; Xen. Hell. 5.2.1, &c.; Diod. 15.5, 12; Paus. 8.8.) When the Theban patriots engaged in their enterprise for the recovery of the Cadmeia, in B. C. 379, Epaminondas held aloof from it at first, from a fear, traceable to his Pythagorean religion, lest innocent blood should be shed in the tumult. To the object of the attempt, however,--the delivers of Thebes from Spartan domination,--he was of course favourable. He had studiously exerted himself already to raise the spirit and confidence of the Theban youths, urging them to match themselves in gymnastic exercises with the Lacedaemonians of the citadel, and rebuking them, when successful in
Go'rgidas (*Gorgi/das), a Theban, of the party of Epameinondas and Pelopidas. When the first step had been taken towards the recovery of the Cadmeia from the Spartan garrison in B. C. 379, and Archias and Leontiades were slain, Epameinondas and Gorgidas came forward and joined Pelopidas and his confederates, solemnly introducing them into the Theban assembly, and calling on the people to fight for their country and their gods. (Plut. Pel. 12.) In the next year, B. C. 378, Gorgidas and Pelopidas were Boeotarchs together, and Plutarch ascribes to them the plan of tampering with Sphodrias, the Spartan harmost, whom Cleombrotus had left at Thespiae, to induce him to invade Attica, and so to embroil the Athenians with Lacedaemon. (Plut. Pel. 14, Ages. 24; Xen. Hell. 5.4. §§ 20, &c.; comp. Diod. 15.29.) [
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