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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 7 7 Browse Search
Dinarchus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Dinarchus, Against Demosthenes, section 75 (search)
s, with the same points in mind. Our city was great, renowned in Greece, and worthy of our forbears, apart from the well-known exploits of the past, at the time when Conon triumphed, as our elders tell us, in the naval battle at Cnidus; when Iphicrates destroyed the Spartan company, when Chabrias defeated the Spartan triremes at sea off Naxos, when Timotheus won the sea battle off Corcyra.For the exploits of Conon and Timotheus compare Din. 1.14 and note. In 391 B.C. the Athenian general Iphicrates, on going to the relief of Corinth, surprised and almost annihilated a Spartan company. The defeat of the Spartan fleet by Chabrias took place in 376 and won supremacy in the Aegean for Athens for over fifty years (Xen. Hell. 5.4.61; Dem. 20.77).
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIV, Chapter 97 (search)
391 B.C.At the close of this year, in Athens Nicoteles was archon, and in Rome the consular magistracy was administered by three military tribunes, Marcus Furius and Gaius Aemilius.Livy 5.26 gives six names including these two. After these magistrates had entered office, the philo-Lacedaemonians among the Rhodians rose up against the party of the people and expelled from the city the partisans of the Athenians. When these banded together under arms and endeavoured to maintain their interests, the allies of the Lacedaemonians got the upper hand, slaughtered many, and formally banished those who escaped. They also at once sent ambassadors to Lacedaemon to get aid, fearing that some of the citizens would rise in revolt. The Lacedaemonians dispatched to them seven triremes and three men to take charge of affairs, Eudocimus,Called Ecdicus in Xen. Hell. 4.8.20. Philodocus, and Diphilas. They first reached Samos and brought that city
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 4, chapter 4 (search)
of his allies,I.e., the Sicyonians. and then disbanded his army and himself withdrew by the road to Lacedaemon. From this time on large armies of citizens were no391 B.C. longer employed on either side, for the states merely sent out garrisons, the one party to Corinth, the other to Sicyon, and guarded the walls of these cities. Es in their turn were so afraid of the Lacedaemonians that they did not approach within a javelin's cast of the hoplites; for it had once happened that the younger391 B.C. men among the Lacedaemonians, pursuing even from so great a distance as that, overtook and killed some of them. But while the Lacedaemonians felt contempt for th territory he proceeded straight from there across the mountains by way of Tenea to Corinth and captured the walls that had been rebuilt by the Athenians. And his391 B.C. brother Teleutias also came to his support by sea, with about twelve triremes; so that their mother was deemed happy in that on the same day one of the sons whom
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 4, chapter 8 (search)
ng-doer, and likewise to ask the King what he should do about all these matters. Now the King, when Tiribazus had arrived391 B.C. at his capital in the interior, sent down Struthas to take charge of affairs on the coast. Struthas, however, devoted hil the harm which the King's country had suffered at the hands of Agesilaus. The Lacedaemonians accordingly, when they saw391 B.C. that Struthas was hostile to them and friendly to the Athenians, sent Thibron to make war upon him. And Thibron, crossinook his expeditions without even sending out orders. Thus ended these events. Now when those of the Rhodians who had been391 B.C. banished by the democratic faction came to Lacedaemon, they set forth that it was not expedient for the Lacedaemonians tes as he had himself, he remained quiet in Cnidos. The Lacedaemonians, on the other hand, when they found that he had too391 B.C. small a force to be of service to their friends, ordered Teleutias, with the twelve ships which he had under his command
Appian, Italy (ed. Horace White), Fragments (search)
eir religious feeling was such that they did not hesitate to add to the votive offering a tenth of the produce of the land that had already been sold, as well as of the spoils. With the money thus obtained they sent to the temple of Delphi a golden cup which stood on a pedestal of brass in the treasury of Rome and MassiliatMarseilles. until Onomarchus melted the cup during the Phocæan war. The pedestal is still standing.Y.R. 363 Camillus was afterwards accused before the people of B.C. 391 being himself the author of those bad omens and portents. The people, who had been for some time set against him, fined him heavily, having no pity for him although he had recently lost a son. His friends contributed the money in order that the person of Camillus might not be disgraced. In deep grief he went into exile in the city of Ardea, praying the prayer of Achilles that the time might come when the Romans would long for Camillus. And in fact this came Y.R. 365 to pass very soon, for whe
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 8 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 20 (search)
which was thrown down to release the chariots at the start of the race. The war with Privernum was not yet out of the way, when there came an alarming report of a Gallic rising, a warning which the senate almost never disregarded. accordingly, without a moment's hesitation, the new consuls, Lucius Aemilius Mamercinus and Gaius Plautius, were directed, on the very day on which they entered office —the Kalends of JulyJuly 1st was the normal day for beginning the official year from 391 B.C. to 153 B.C., when it was changed to January 1st. —to divide the commands between them, and Mamercinus, to whom the Gallic war had fallen, was bidden to enlist an army without granting a single exemption; indeed it is said that a rabble of craftsmen even, and sedentary mechanics, was called out —a type the least qualified of all for military service. An enormous army was brought together at Veii, which was to be the base for the campaign against the Gauls; further afield they wou<
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AIUS LOCUTIUS, ARA (search)
AIUS LOCUTIUS, ARA an altar erected in 390 B.C. by order of the senate at the north corner of the Palatine in infima Nova via, opposite the grove of Vesta. It was dedicated to the deus indiges, Aius Locutius (Loquens, Cic. de div. ii. 69), the speaking voice. Tradition agreed in relating that in 391 a plebeian, M. Caedicius, heard at night at this point a voice that warned the Romans of the invasion of the Gauls. No attention was paid to this warning until after the event, when the altar was built in expiation (Cic. de div. i. 101 ; ii. 69; Varro ap. Gell. xvi. 17; Liv. v. 32. 6, 50. 5, 52. I I; Plut. Cam. 30: vew\n fh/mhs kai\ klhdo/nos: de fort. Rom. 5: e(/dh). Besides ara, this altar is also referred to as saceUum (Liv. v. 32) and templum (ib. v. 50, 52), but there is no doubt that it was an enclosed altar in the open air. This altar has no connection with that found on the south-west slope of the Palatine near the Velabrum, dedicated sive deo sive deivae (CIL i 2. 801 =
Appuleius or APULEIUS. 1. L. Appuleius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 391, impeached Camillus for having secreted part of the spoils of Veii. (Liv. 5.32; Plut. Cam. 12.)
Caedi'cius 2. M. Caedicius, is said to have told the tribunes of the plebs, in B. C. 391, that he had heard, in the silence of the night, a superhuman voice, commanding him to inform the magistrates that the Gauls were coming. (Liv. 5.32; Plut. Camill. 14; Zonaras, 7.23.) This appears to be the same Caedicius, a centurion, who was elected as their commander by the Romans that had fled to Veii after the destruction of the city by the Gauls, B. C. 390. He led out his countrymen against the Etruscans, who availed themselves of the misfortunes of the Romans to plunder the Veientine territory. After this he proposed that Camillus should be invited to become their general, and according to another account he himself carried to Camillus the decree of the senate appointing him to the command. (Liv. 5.45, 46; Appian, Celt. 5.)
against Veii, and succeeded in reducing the town, in the tenth year of the war. Here he acquired immense booty, and had the statue of Juno Regina removed to Rome, where it was set up in a special temple on the Aventine, which was consecrated in B. C. 391, the year in which he celerated the great games he had vowed. On his return from Veii, he entered Rome in triumph, riding in a chariot drawn by white horses. In B. C. 394 he was elected consular tribune for the third time, and reduced the Falise of the Roman general, that they surrendered to the Romans. (Liv. 5.27; comp. V. Max. 6.5.1, who calls Camillus consul on this occasion, although, according to the express testimony of Plutarch, he was never invested with the consulship.) In B. C. 391, Camillus was chosen interrex to take the auspices, as the other magistrates were attacked by an epidemic then raging at Rome, by which he also lost a son. In this year he was accused by the tribune of the plebs, L. Appuleius, with having made
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