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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 37 37 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 12 12 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 21-22 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Boethius, Consolatio Philosophiae 1 1 Browse Search
Andocides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Plato, Euthydemus, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno 1 1 Browse Search
Plato, Alcibiades 1, Alcibiades 2, Hipparchus, Lovers, Theages, Charmides, Laches, Lysis 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 399 BC or search for 399 BC in all documents.

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Ae'ropus 3. II. King of Macedonia, guardian of Orestes, the son of Archellaus, reigned nearly six years from B. C. 399. The first four years of this time he reigned jointly with Orestes, and the remainder alone. He was succeeded by his son Pausanias. (Diod. 14.37, 84; Dexippus, apud Syncell. p. 263a.; comp. Polyaen. 2.1.17.)
Anti'sthenes (*)Antisqe/nhs), a SPARTAN admiral in the Peloponnesian war, was sent out in B. C. 412, in command of a squadron, to the coast of Asia Minor, and was to have succeeded Astyochus, in case the Spartan commissioners thought it necessary to deprive that officer of his command. (Thuc. 8.39.) We hear of him again in B. C. 399, when, with two other commissioners, he was sent out to inspect the state of affairs in Asia, and announce to Dercvllidas that his command was to be prolonged for another year. (Xen. Hell. 3.2.6.) There was also an Athenian general of this name. (Mem. 3.4.1.) [C.P.
Aristippus (*)Ari/stippos), son of Aritades, born at Cyrene, and founder of the Cyrenaic School of Philosophy, came over to Greece to be present at the Olympic games, where he fell in with Ischomachus the agriculturist (whose praises are the subject of Xenophon's Occonomicus), and by his description was filled with so ardent a desire to see Socrates, that he went to Athens for the purpose (Plut. de Curios. 2), and remained with him almost up to the time of his execution, B. C. 399. Diodorus (15.76) gives B. C. 366 as the date of Aristippus, which agrees very well with the facts which we know about him, and with the statement (Schol. ad Aristoph. Plut. 179), that Lais, the courtezan with whom he was intimate, was born B. C. 421. Though a disciple of Socrates, he wandered both in principle and practice very far from the teaching and example of his great master. He was luxurious in his mode of living; he indulged in sensual gratifications, and the society of the notorious Lais; he too
Ati'lius 1. L. Atilius, a plebeian, consular tribune B. C. 399, and again in 396. (Liv. 5.13, 18; Diod. 14.54, 90.) He must be distinguished from L. Atilius, the consular tribune in B. C. 444 (Liv. 4.7), who was a patrician, and whose cognomen was Longus, as we learn from Dionysius (11.61).
Auguri'nus 3. Cn. Genucius Augurinus, M. F. M. N., consular tribune B. C. 399, and again in 396, in the latter of which years he was cut off by an ambuscade in the war with the Faliscans and Capenates. (Liv. 5.13, 18; Diod. 14.54, 90.) II. Minucii Augurini. They were originally patricians, but a part of the family at least passed over to the plebeians in B. C. 439. [See below, No. 5.]
amous answer: *Sofo\s Sofoklh=s: sofw/terosd d' Eu)ripi/dhs: a)ndrw=n de\ pu/ntwn Swkra/ths sofw/tatos. The frequent notices of him in Aristophanes shew that he was highly distinguished in the school of Socrates; while from the nicknames, such as nukteri/s and pu/cinos, by which he was known, and the Aristophanic allusions to his weakness and his sallow complexion (Vesp. 1413, gunaiki\ e)oikw\s qayi/nh comp. Nub. 496), it appears that he injured his health by intense application to study. He attached himself to the popular party in politics, was driven into banishment by the Thirty tyrants, and returned to Athens on the restoration of democracy in B. C. 403. (Plat. Apol. p. 21a.) From the passage just referred to it appears, that he was dead when the trial of Socrates took place in B. C. 399. (Xen. Mem 1.2.48, 2.3; Plat. Charm. p. 153, Gorg. pp. 447, 448; Stallb. ad Plat. Apol. p. 21a.; Athen. 5.218; Aristoph. Cl. 105, 145, 157, 821, 1448, Av. 1296, 1564; Schol. ad ll. cc.) [E.E]
Charmi'nus a Lacedaemonian, was sent by Thibron, the Spartan harmost in Asia, to the Cyrean Greeks, then at Selymbria and in the service of Seuthes, to induce them to enter the Lacedemonian service against Persia, B. C. 399. (Xen. Anab. 7.6.1, &c., Hell. 3.1.6; Diod. 14.37.) On this occasion he defended Xenophon from the imputation thrown out against him by some of the Cyreans, of treacherous collusion with Seuthes to defraud them of their pay, and he also aided them in obtaining what was due to them from the Thracian prince. A great portion of this consisted in cattle and slaves, and the sale of these and the distribution of the proceeds was undertaken, at Xenophon's request, by Charminus and his colleague, Polynicus, who incurred much odium in the management of the transaction. (Xen. Anab. 7.6.39, 7. §§ 13-19, 56.) [E.
d of Choerilus that which can very well be true of Panyasis. Perhaps Choerilus was even younger. Näke places his birth about B. C. 470. Suidas also says, that Choerilus was a slave at Samos, and was distingaished for his beauty; that he ran away and resided with Herodotus, from whom he acquired a taste for literature; and that he turned his attention to poetry : afterwards he went to the court of Archelaus, king of Macedonia, where he died. His death must therefore have been not later than B. C. 399, which was the last year of Archelaus. Athenaeus (viii. p. 345e.) states, that Choerilus received from Archelaus four minae a-day, and spent it all upon good living (o)yofagi/an). There are other statements of Suidas, which evidently refer to the later poet, who was contemporary with Alexander. (See below.) There is some doubt whether the accounts which made him a native either of Iasos or of Halicarnassus belong to this class. Either of them is perfectly consistent with the statement that
Cicuri'nus 7. M. VETURIUS TI. F. SP.N. CRASSUS CICURINUS, consular tribune B. C. 399,--the only patrician elected this year; his five colleagues were all plebeians. (Liv. 5.13; Diod. 14.54.)
Dercy'llidas (*Derkulli/das). 1. A Spartan, was sent to the Hellespont in the spring of B. C. 411 to excite the cities there to revolt from Athens, and succeeded in bringing over Abydus and Lampsacus, the latter of which, however, was almost immediately recovered by the Athenians under Stromlichides. (Thuc. 8.61, 62.) In B. C. 399 he was sent to supersede Thibron in the command of the army which was employed in the protection of the Asiatic Greeks against Persia. On his arrival, he took advantage of the jealousy between Pharnabazus and Tissaphernes to divide their forces, and having made a truce with the latter, proceeded against the midland Aeolis, the satrapy of Pharnabazus, towards whom he entertained a personal dislike, as having been once subjected through his means to a military punishment when he was harmost at Abydus under Lysander. In Aeolis he gained possession of nine cities in eight days, together with the treasures of Mania, the late satrapess of the province. [MANIA;
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