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Cossus 8. Cn. Cornelius Cossus, P. F. A. N., consular tribune in B. C. 406, when he was left in charge of the city while his colleagues marched against Veil, consular tribune a second time in 404, and a third time in 401, in the last of which years he laid waste the country of the Capenates, but the enemy did not venture upon a battle. Cossus was a moderate man in the party struggles of his day. He caused a third stipendium to be paid to those horsemen, who were not supplied with a horse by the state, and was supposed to have procured the elevation of his half-brother or cousin, the plebeian P. Licinius Calvus, to the consular tribunate in B. C. 400. (Liv. 4.58, 61, 5.10, 12.)
Deino'menes (*Deinome/nhs), a statuary, whose statues of Io, the daughter of Inachus, and Callisto, the daughter of Lycaon, stood in the Acropolis at Athens in the time of Pausanias. (Paus. 1.25.1.) Pliny (34.8. s. 19) mentions him among the artists who flourished in the 95th Olympiad, B. C. 400, and adds, that he made statues of Protesilaüs and Pythodemus the wrestler. tler(Ib. § 15.) Tatian mentions a statue by him of Besantis, queen of the Paeonians. (Orat. ad Graec. 53, p. 116, ed. Worth.) His name appears on a base, the statue belonging to which is lost. (Böckh, Corp. Inscrip. i. No. 470.)
terwards harmost in Thasos, but in 410, together with the Lacedaemonian party, was expelled by the Thasians. (Xen. Hell. 1.1.32.) In 406 we find him serving under Callicratidas, who left him to blockade Conon in Mytilene, while he himself went to meet the Athenian reinforcements. After the battle of Arginusae, by means of a stratagem, Eteonicus succeeded in drawing off the land forces to Methymna, while he directed the naval forces to make with all speed for Chios, where he found means of rejoining them not long afterwards. In the course of his stay here, he, with considerable energy and promptitude, defeated a plot forced by some of the troops under his command to seize Chios. (Xen. Hell. 1.6.26, 36, &c., 2.1.1, &c.) It is probably this Eteonicus whom we find mentioned in the Anabasis (7.1.12) apparently serving as an officer under Anaxibius at Byzantium. (B. C. 400.) Eleven years afterwards (389), he is mentioned as being stationed as harmost in Aegina. (Xen. Hell. v. 1.1.) [C.P.M]
Euxe'nidas a painter, who instructed the celebrated Aristeides, of Thebes. He flourished about the 95th or 100th Olympiad, B. C. 400 or 380. (Plin. Nat. 35.10. s. 36.7.) [P.S]
Lysippus (*Lu/sippos), a Lacedaemonian, was left by Agis II. as harmost at Epitalium in Elis, when the king himself returned to Sparta from the Eleian campaign, B. C. 400. During the summer and winter of that year Lysippus made continual devastations on the Eleian territory. In the next year, B. C. 399, the Eleians sued for peace. (Xen. Hell. 3.2. §§ 29, &c.; comp. Diod. 14.17; Wess. ad loc.; Paus. 3.8, where he is called Lysistratus.) [
Mae'nius 4. P. Maenius, is mentioned by Livy as consular tribune in B. C. 400, and again in B. C. 396 (Liv. 5.12, 18). The name, however, is written variously in the manuscripts. Alschefski, the latest editor of Livy, reads P. Manlius in the former of these years, but retains P. Maenius in the latter. In the Fasti Capitolini the name Maenius does not occur in either of these years, but instead of it we have P. Manlius Vulso, in B. C. 400, and Q. Manlius Vulso, in B. C. 396. The names in Diodorefski, the latest editor of Livy, reads P. Manlius in the former of these years, but retains P. Maenius in the latter. In the Fasti Capitolini the name Maenius does not occur in either of these years, but instead of it we have P. Manlius Vulso, in B. C. 400, and Q. Manlius Vulso, in B. C. 396. The names in Diodorus (14.47, 90) differ again; and it seems to be impossible to reconcile the conflicting statements. In any case Livy is in error in designating Maelius and his colleagues as patricians.
Medulli'nus 11. SP. FURIUS SP. N. MEDULLINUS, L. F., tribune of the soldiers with consular authority, B. C. 400. (Fasti.)
d it is remarkable that he was attacked in all the three comedies which gained the first three places in the dramatic contest of B. C. 419, namely, the *Ko/lakes of Eupolis, the *Ei)rh/nh of Aristophanes, and the *Fra/tores of Leucon (Athen. 8.343; schol. ad Arisloph. Pac. 804). He is again attacked by Aristophanes in the *)/Orniqes, B. C. 414. In addition to these indications of his date, we are informed of a remark made by him upon the tragedies of Diogenes Oenomaus, who flourished about B. C. 400 (Plut. de Aud. p. 41c.). The story of his living at the court of Alexander of Pherae, who began to reign B. C. 369, is not very probable, considering the notoriety which he had acquired fifty years earlier, and yet the allusion made to his position and conduct there is quite in keeping with all that we know of his character (Plut. de Adul. et Amic. p. 50e.). The most important passage respecting Melanthius is that in the Peace of Aristophanes (796, &c.), which we subjoin in the form in w
tus.) There is room for some doubt whether the accuser of Socrates was the same person as the Meletus who was charged with participation in the profanation of the mysteries, and in the mutilation of the Hermae, B. C. 415, and who was an active partizan of the Thirty Tyrants, both as the executioner of their sentence of death upon Leon of Salamis, and as an emissary to Lacedaemon on their behalf, and who was afterwards one of the accusers of Andocides in the case respecting the mysteries, B. C. 400 (Andoc. de Myst. pp. 7, 18, 46, Reiske ; X en. Hell. 2.4.36 ): but as all this is perfectly consistent with the indications we have noticed above respecting the age of Meletus, there seems no good ground for distinguishing the two persons, though they cannot be identified with absolute certainty. (Droysen, Rhein. Mus. vol. iii. p. 190.) Respecting the form of the name, *Me/lhtos is almost universally adopted by modern scholars, though Welcker defends *Me/litos. For the arguments on both
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Pansa, L. Titi'nius with the agnomen SACCUS, one of the consular tribunes B. C. 400, and a second time in B. C. 396. (Liv. 5.12, 18; Fasti Capit.)
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