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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER II. (search)
of the Peloponnesus that it was named Messana, having been originally called Zanole, on account of the great inequality of the
coast (for anything irregular was termed ca/gklion.Thucydides says ca/gklion is a Sicilian word. It
was originally founded by the people of Naxos near Catana.
Afterwards the Mamertini, a tribe of Campanians, took possession of it.B. C. 289. The Romans, in the war in Sicily against
the Carthaginians, used it as an arsenal.B. C. 264 to 243. Still more recently,B. C. 44. Sextus Pompeius assembled his fleet in it, to contend against Augustus Cæsar; and when he relinquished the
island, he took ship from thence.B. C. 36. CharybdisNow called Garafalo. is pointed out
at a short distance from the city in the Strait, an immense
gulf, into which the back currents of the Strait frequently impel ships, carrying them down with a whirl and the violence
of the eddy. When they are swallowed down and shattered,
the wrecks are cast by the stream on the shore of Tauromen
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER IV. (search)
-Cybiosactes, who had an
hereditary right to the throne; the latter however died about 54 B. C., and in him terminated the race of the Seleucidæ. the Paphlagonians,The race of the kings of Paphlagonia became extinct about 7 B. C.
See M. l' Abbé Belley, Diss. sur l' ère de Germanicopolis, &c.
Inscr. et Belles-Lettres, vol. xxx. Mém. p. 331.
Cappadocians,The royal race of Cappadocia failed about 91 B. C. and Egyptians,The race of the Lagidæ terminated with Ptolemy Auletes, who died
44 B. C., leaving two daughters, Cleopatra and Arsinoë. Ptolemy Apion
died 96 B. C.; he left Cyrene, whereof he was king, to the Roman people [or] when they revolted and
were subsequently deposed, as it happened in the case of
Mithridates Eupator, and Cleopatra of Egypt, the whole of
their territories within the PhasisNow the Fasz or Rion. and the Euphrates,The Forat, Ferat, or Frat. with the exception of some tribes of Arabs, were brought completely under the dominion of the Romans and the d<