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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Tria'rius, Vale'rius 3. C. Valerius Triarius, perhaps a brother of No. 2, was a friend of Cicero, who introduces him as one of the speakers in his dialogue De Finibus (1.5), and praises his oratory in his Brutus (100.76). His sister Valeria Paula divorced her husband in B. C. 50, and married D. Brutus. (Cael. apud Cic. ad Fam. 8.7.) On the breaking out of the civil war Triarius espoused the cause of Pompey, who appointed him and Laelius in B. C. 48 to the command of the ships which were furnished by the province of Asia. He was present at the battle of Pharsalia, and it is said to have been by his advice that Pompey ordered his troops to stand still and receive the charge of Caesar's soldiers, a mistake in the opinion of his great opponent. Triarius perished in the civil wars, probably in Africa, for Cicero speaks in B. C. 45 of his death, and adds, that Triarius had left him the guardian of his children. (Caes. Civ. 3.5, 92; Cic. Brut. 76, ad Att. 12.28.3.)
as his friend, when he landed in Italy in September (B. C. 47). Cicero returned to Rome, and Dolabella was likewise pardoned by Caesar. In December Dolabella went to Africa to fight against the Pompeian party, but he came back to Italy in the summer of the following year (B. C. 46). Tullia and her husband now lived together again for a short time, but before Dolabella left for Spain at the end of the year, a divorce had taken place by mutual consent. At the beginning of the following year (B. C. 45) Tullia was delivered of a son. As soon as she was sufficiently recovered to bear the fatigues of a journey, she accompanied her father to Tusculum, but she died there in February. * It is stated by Middleton (Life of Cicero, vol. ii. p. 365), on the authority of Plutarch (Plut. Cic. 41 ), that Tullia died at Dolabella's house at Rome ; bat Plutarch does not say so; and Drumann has shown clearly from passages in Cicero's letters, that she died at her father's Tusculan villa. It appears from
Tu'llius 6. TIB. TULLIUS, fought on the side of the Pompeian party in Spain in B. C. 45. (Auctor, B. Hisp. 17, 18.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
L. Tu'llius Monta'nus accompanied M. Cicero the younger to Athens in B. C. 45. He is also mentioned at a later time in Cicero's correspondence, and it is probably to him that the Tullianum caput refers. (Cic. Att. 12.52, 53, 14.16, 17. 15.26, 29.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Tu'rpio, Anti'stius fought in single combat Q. Pompeius Niger in the Spanish war in B. C. 45. (Auctor, B. Hisp. 25.)
Va'lgius 2. A. Valgius, the son of a senator, deserted the Pompeian party in the Spanish war B. C. 45, and went over to Caesar. (Auctor, B. Hisp. 13.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ignorance of transcribers, and partly from the ravages of time. This work, judging from sundry repetitions and contradictions which may be here and there detected, and from the general want of polish, was never finally revised by the author; and may perhaps, as Müller conjectures, never have been published under his sanction. We gather from Cicero (Cic. Att. 13.12, Acad. 1.1 ) and from internal evidence (5.100, 6.13, 22, ed. Müller) that it must have been in progress during the years B. C. 46-45, and must have been finished before the death of the orator, to whom the last twenty hooks are inscribed (5.1, 6.97, 7.109, 110). It was portioned out into three great divisions. (I.) De Impositione Vocabulorum, the origin of words and terms, formed the subject of the first seven books. The first was introductory and treated of the history of the Latin language (De Origine Linguae Latinae. See Priscian, 1.7). The second, third, and fourth of etymology considered as a science (De Etymologica
t of the Pompeian fleet. In return for these services Caesar raised Vatinius to the consulship, which he held for a few days as consul suffectus at the end of December B. C. 47. At the beginning of the following year he was sent into Illyricum to oppose M. Octavius, who held that country with a considerable force for the Pompeian party. Vatinius carried on the war with success in Illyricum, was saluted as imperator by his soldiers, and obtained the honour of a supplicatio from the senate in B. C. 45. At this time some letters passed between him and Cicero, in which they wrote to one another with apparent cordiality. (Cic. Fam. 5.9-11.) Vatinius was still in Illyricum at the time of Caesar's death, B. C. 44, and at the beginning of the following year was compelled to surrender Dyrrhachium and his army to Brutus who had obtained possession of Macedonia, because his troops declared in favour of Brutus (D. C. 47.21; Liv. Epit. 118; Vell. 2.69); though Cicero (Cic. Phil. 10.6) and Appian (A
Vercingetorix the celebrated chieftain of the Arverni, who carried on war with great ability against Caesar in B. C. 52. The history of this war, which occupies the seventh book of Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic war, has been related elsewhere. [CAESAR, p. 548.] It is only necessary to mention here that after Vercingetorix fell into Caesar's hands on the capture of Alesia, he was kept in chains and subsequently taken to Rome, where he adorned the triumph of his conqueror in B. C. 45 and was afterwards put to death. (D. C. 40.41, 43.19; Plut. Caes. 27.)
Vetus 2. C. Antistius Vetus, son of the preceding, was taken as quaestor by Caesar out of gratitude to his father, when he was propraetor in Further Spain in B. C. 61. In B. C. 57 Vetus was tribune of the plebs and supported Cicero in opposition to Clodius. In the civil war he espoused Caesar's party, and we find him in Syria in B. C. 45, fighting against Q. Caecilius Bassus, who had formerly been on the Pompeian side, and who now attempted to seduce the troops in the East from their allegiance to Caesar. He besieged Bassus in Apameia, but was obliged to retire on the approach of the Parthians. In B. C. 34 Vetus carried on war against the Salassi, and in B. C. 30 was consul suffectus. He accompanied Augustus to Spain in B. C. 25, and on the illness of the emperor continued the war against the Cantabri and Astures, whom he reduced to submission. (Plut. Caes. 5; Cic. ad Q. Fr. 2.1.3, ad Att. 14.9.3; D. C. 47.27; Appian, App. Ill. 17; D. C. 53.25; Vell. 2.90; Florus, 4.12.21.) The annexe
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