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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 3 3 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 78 (search)
459 B.C.At the conclusion of this year Philocles was archon in Athens, and in Rome Aulus Postumius Regulus and Spurius Furius Mediolanus succeeded to the consulship. During this year a war arose between the Corinthians and Epidaurians on the one hand and the Athenians on the other, and the Athenians took the field against them and after a sharp battle were victorious. With a large fleet they put in at a place called Halieis, landed on the Peloponnesus, and slew not a few of the enemy.Halieis is on the Argolic Gulf, near Hermione. Thucydides (Thuc. 1.105) says that the Athenians were defeated. But the Peloponnesians rallied and gathered a strong force, and it came to a battle with the Athenians near the place called CecryphaleiaAn island off Epidaurus. in which the Athenians were again victorious. After such successes the Athenians, seeing that the Aeginetans were not only puffed up over their former achievements but also
Pindar, Nemean (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien), Nemean 8 For Deinias of Aegina Double Foot Race ?459 B. C. (search)
Nemean 8 For Deinias of Aegina Double Foot Race ?459 B. C. Queenly Season of Youth, herald of the divine embraces of Aphrodite, you who rest in the eyes of young girls and boys, and carry one man in the gentle arms of compulsion, but handle another man differently. It is a desirable thing, for one who has not strayed from due measure in any deed,to be able to win the better kinds of love; such loves,the shepherds of Cyprian Aphrodite's gifts, attended the marriage-bed of Zeus and Aegina. And from that union a son was born, the king of Oenone, the best in hands and mind. Many men often prayed that they might see him; for, unbidden, the choicest heroes that dwelled around himwanted to submit to his commands willingly, those who marshalled their people in rocky Athens, and the descendants of Pelops in Sparta. As a suppliant I cling to the sacred knees of Aeacus, on behalf of his dear city and these citizens, bringinga Lydian crown embroidered with song, glory from Nemea in the double f
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 9 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 19 (search)
it remains to compare the forces on both sides, whether for numbers, or types of soldiers, or size of their contingents of auxiliaries. The quinquennial enumerations of that period put the population at 250,000.In the last census which Livy had recorded (459 B.C.) were enrolled 117,321 persons (III. xxiv. 10). Livy seems to have consulted the records of the censors, at least occasionally. And so at the time when all the Latin allies were in revoltOr possibly: at every revolt of the Latin allies. it was the custom to enroll ten legions, by a levy which was virtually limited to the City. in those years frequently four and five armies at a time would take the field, in Etruria, in Umbria (where they also fought the Gauls), in Samnium, and in Lucania. later on Alexander would have found all Latium, with the Sabines, the Volsci and the Aequi, all Campania, and a portion of Umbria and Etruria, the Picentes and the Marsi and Paeligni, the Vestini and the Apulians, toge
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER OPTIMUS MAXIMUS CAPITOLINUS, AEDES (search)
e great altar of Jupiter (ara Iovis), where solemn sacrifices were offered at the beginning of the year, at the celebration of triumphs, and on some other occasions (Suet. Aug. 94; Zonaras viii. I; Fest. 285). This temple became a repository of works of art of many sorts, the gifts of Roman generals and foreigners, as well as of dedicatory offerings and trophies of victory (see Rosch. ii. 728-730; Jord. i. 2. 16-18), of which the earliest recorded was a golden crown presented by the Latins in 459 (Liv. ii. 22. 6). The number of these became so great that in 179 B.C. it was necessary to remove some of the statues and many of the shields affixed to the columns (Liv. xl. 51. 3). This first temple was burned to the ground on 6th July, 83 B.C. (Cic. Cat. iii. 9; Sail. Cat. 47. 2; Tac. Hist. iii. 72; App. BC i. 83, 86; Obseq. 57; Plut. Sulla 27; Cassiod. ad a. 671), with the statue of Jupiter (Plut. de Iside 71 ; cf. Ov. Fast. i. 201), and the Sibylline books that had been kept in a stone
Maluginensis 2. L. Cornelius Ser. F. P. N. MALUGINENSIS, consul B. C. 459 with Q. Fabius Vibulanus. The consuls of this year carried on war against the Volsci and the Aequi with great glory and success. According to some accounts Maluginensis took Antium, and we learn front the triumphal Fasti that he obtained a triumph for his victory over the Antiates. (Liv. 3.22-24; Dionys. A. R. 10.20, 21; Diod. 11.86.) He is mentioned as one of the defenders in the senate of the second decemvirate in B. C. 449, because his brother Marcus was one of the number (Liv. 3.40; Dionys. A. R. 11.15); but if we can rely upon the Fasti, in which Marcus is called SER., L. F. N., we must understand frater and a)delfo/s to mean first cousin, and not brother.
ent from the city. The tribune C. Terentillus Arsa took advantage of the absence of the consuls to propose a rogation for appointing five commissioners, who might draw up laws to limit the power of the consuls. Thereupon Fabius called together the senate and inveighed with such vehemence against the rogation and its author, that even both the consuls could not have inspired greater fear. On the advice of his colleagues Terentillus withdrew his proposal. (Liv. 3.9; Dionys. A. R. 9.69.) In B. C. 459 Fabius was consul a third time with L. Cornelius Maluginensis. In this year he defeated the Volscians, who had laid siege to Antium, and also the Aequians, who had taken Tusculum, and on account of these victories celebrated a triumph on his return to Rome. In the following year, B. C. 458, when the two consuls marched with their two armies against the Sabines and Aequians, Fabius was left behind with a third for the protection of Rome. This is the account of Dionysius, but Livy simply say
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
and declared that soon after the plague he and his elder brother fell in with a party of patrician youths who came rushing through the Subura, when their leader Kaeso knocked down his brother, who was still feeble from the sickness he had just got over, and injured him so much that he died shortly afterwards. Dionysius makes Volscius tribune of the plebs in this year. In consequence of this testimony Kacsso was condemned. The patricians in revenge charged Volscius with falsehood ; and in B. C. 459 the quaestors accused him before the comitia of the curiae or the centuries, of having borne false witness against Kaeso, but the tribunes prevented them from prosecuting the charge. In the following year, B. C. 458, L. Cincinnatus, the father of Kaeso, was appointed dictator, and presided in the comitia for the trial of Volscius. The tribunes dared not offer any further opposition, and Volscius was obliged to go into exile. (Liv. 3.13, 24, 25, 29 ; Dionys. A. R. 10.7; Niebuhr, Hist. of Ro