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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 5 5 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 2 2 Browse Search
Bacchylides, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Lysias, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 476 BC or search for 476 BC in all documents.

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Boges (*Bo/ghs), the Persian governor of Eion in Thrace, when Xerxes invaded Greece in B. C. 480. Boges continued to hold the place till B. C. 476, when it was besieged by the Athenians under Cimon. Boges, finding that he was unable to defend the town, and refusing to surrender it, killed his wife, children, and family, and set fire to the place, in which he himself perished. (Hdt. 7.113, 107; Plut. Cim. 7, who calls him *Bouths; Paus. 8.8.5, who calls him *Boh/s; Polyaen. 7.24, who calls him *Bo/rghs; comp. Diod. 11.60
Charondas (*Xarw/ndas), a lawgiver of Catana, who legislated for his own and the other cities of Chalcidian origin in Sicily and Italy. (Aristot. Pol. 2.10.) Now, these were Zancle, Naxos, Leontini, Euboea, Mylae, Himera, Callipolis, and Rhegium. He must have lived before the time of Anaxilaus, tyrant of Rhegium, i. e. before B. C. 494, for the Rhegians used the laws of Charondas till they were abolished by Anaxilaus, who, after a reign of eighteen years, died B. C. 476. These facts sufficiently refute the common account of Charondas, as given by Diodorus (12.12) : viz. that after Thurii was founded by the people of the ruined city of Sybaris, the colonists chose Charondas, " the best of their fellow-citizens," to draw up a code of laws for their use. For Thurii, as we have seen, is not included among the Chalcidian cities, and the date of its foundation is B. C. 443. It is also demonstrated by Bentley (Phalaris, p. 367, &c.), that the laws which Diodorus gives as those drawn up by C
Consi'dius 1. Q. Considius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 476, united with his colleague T. Genucius in bringing forward the agrarian law again, and also in accusing T. Mnenius Lanatus, the consul of the preceding year, because it was supposed that the Fabii had perished at Cremera through his neglect. (Liv. 2.52; Dionys. A. R. 9.27.)
Diony'sius artists. 1. Of Argos, a statuary, who was employed together with Glaucus in making the works which Smicythus dedicated at Olympia. This fixes the artist's time; for Smicythus succeeded Anaxilas as tyrant of Rhegium in B. C. 476. The works executed by Dionysius were statues of Contest (*)Agw/n) carrying a(lth=res (Dict. of Ant. s. v.), of Dionysius, of Orpheus, and of Zeus without a beard. (Paus. 5.26. §§ 3-6.) He also made a horse and charioteer in bronze, which were among the works dedicated at Olympia by Phormis of Maenalus, the contemporary of Gelon and Hiero. (Paus. 5.27.1
Emme'nidae (*)Emmeni/dai), a princely family at Agrigentum, which traced its origin to the mythical hero Polyneices. Among its members we know Emmenides (from whom the family derived its name) the father of Aenesidamus, whose sons Theron and Xencerates are celebrated by Pindar as victors at the great games of Greece. Theron won a prize at Olympia, in Ol. 76 (B. C. 476), in the chariot-race with four full-grown horses, and Xenocrates gained prizes in the horserace at the Pythian, Isthmian, and Panathenaic games. (Pind. Ol. 2.48, 3.38, Pyth. 6.5, with the Scholiast, and Böckh's Explicat. ad Pind. pp. 114, &c., 119. 122, 127, 135; Muller, Orchom. p. 332, 2nd edit.) [L
Genu'cius 1. T. Genucius, was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 476; and in conjunction with his colleague, Q. Considius, he brought forward an agrarian law, and also accused T. Menenius Lanatus, who was charged with being the cause of the destruction of the Fabii on the Cremera. (Liv. 2.52; Dionys. A. R. 9.26; comp. [CONSIDIUS, No. 1.]
belonged to a very ancient and illustrious family (Hdt. 2.143). According to Suidas, he was a contemporary of Dionysius of Miletus, and lived about the 65th olympiad, i. e. B. C. 520. Hence Larcher and others conclude that he was born about 550, so that in B. C. 500, the time at which he acted a prominent part among the Ionians, he would have been about fifty years old. As Hecataeus further (Suidas, s. v. *(Ella/nikos) survived the Persian war for a short time, he seems to have died about B. C. 476, shortly after the battles of Plataeae and Mycale. Suidas tells us that Hecataeus was a pupil of Protagoras, which is utterly impossible for chronological reasons, just as it is impossible that Hecataeus should have been a friend of Xenocrates, as Strabo says (xii. p. 550.) Hecataeus must have been possessed of considerable wealth, for, like many other eminent men of that age, he satisfied his desire for knowledge by travelling into distant countries, and seeing with his own eyes that whic
arsalus in Thessaly, who aided the Athenians at Eion with 12 talents and 200 horsemen, raised by himself from his own penestae, and was rewarded by them for these services with the freedom of the city. (Dem. c. Arist. pp. 686, 687; Pseudo-Dem. peri\ dunta/cews, p. 173; Wolf, Proleg. ad Dem. c. Lept. p. 74.) By some this Menon has been identified with the Pharsalian who commanded the troops sent from his native city to the aid of the Athenians in the first year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 431; while the above-mentioned assistance at Eion is referred by them to the eighth year of the same war, B. C. 424. (Thuc. 2.22, 4.102, &c.; Gedik. ad Plat. Men. p. 70.) Perhaps, however, the service may have been rendered at the siege of Eion by Cimon in B. C. 476; and in that case the Menon alluded to by Demosthenes may have been the father of the leader of Thessalian cavalry mentioned by Thucydides in B. C. 431 (Hdt. 7.107; Plut. Cim. 7; Paus. 8.8; Thirlwall's Greece, vol. iii. p. 3.) [BOGES.]
Mi'cythus (*Mi/kuqos). 1. Son of Choerus, was at first a slave in the service of Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegium, but gradually rose to so high a place in the confidence of his master, that Anaxilas at his death (B. C. 476) left him guardian of his infant sons, with charge to hold the sovereign power in trust for the until they should attain to manhood. The administration of Micythus appears to have been both wise and vigorous, so that he conciliated the affections of his subjects, and held the government both of Rhegium and Messana, undisturbed by any popular commotions. One of the principal events of his reign was the assistance furnished by him to the Tarentines in their war against the lapygians (B. C. 473), which was terminated by a disastrous defeat, in which 3000 of the Rhegians perished, and the fugitives were pursued by the barbarians up to the very gates of the city. But notwithstanding this blow, we find him shortly after (B. C. 471) powerful enough to found a new colony, th
n the disciple of Thespis (Suid. s. v.) He is also spoken of as before Aeschylus (Schol. in Aristoph. Ran. 941). He is mentioned by the chronographers as flourishing at Ol. 74, B. C. 483 (Cyrill. Julian. i. p. 13b.; Euseb. Chron. s. a. 1534 ; Clinton, F. H. s. a.). He gained his first tragic victory in Ol. 67, B. C. 511 (Suid. s. v.), twenty-four years after Thespis (B. C. 535), twelve years after Choerilus (B. C. 523), and twelve years before Aeschylus (B. C. 499); and his last in Ol. 76, B. C. 476, on which occasion Themistocles was his choragus, and recorded the event by an inscription (Plut. Themist. 5). Phrynichus must, therefore, have flourished at least 35 years. He probably went, like other poets of the age, to the court of Hiero, and there died; for the statement of the anonymous writer on Comedy, in his account of Phrynichus, the comic poet (p. 29), that Phrynichus, the son of Phradmon, died in Sicily, evidently refers properly to the tragic poet, on account of his father's
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