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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 48 BC or search for 48 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
aking the defence of so notorious a criminal with extreme risk to himself amply discharged his real or supposed obligations. The close of Milo's life was as inglorious as his political career had been violent and disgraceful. Milo expected a recall from Caesar, when, in B. C. 49, the dictator permitted many of the exiles to return. But better times were come, and Rome neither needed nor wished for the presence of a bankrupt agitator. Milo's former friend the extribune M. Caelius, praetor in B. C. 48, promulgated a bill for the adjustment of debts-a revolutionary measure for which the senate, where the Caesarian party had then a majority, expelled him from his office. Caelius, himself a man of broken fortunes, required desperate allies, and he accordingly invited Milo to Italy, as the fittest tool for his purposes. At the head of the survivors of his gladiatorial bands, reinforced by Samnite and Bruttian herdsmen, by criminals and run-away slaves, Milo appeared in Campania, and proclaim
y exercises and studies. (Strab. xiii. p.625; Hirt. de B. Alex. 78.) His natural abilities, united to his illustrious birth, raised him to a high place in the estimation of his countrymen, and he appears as early as B. C. 64 to have exercised the chief control over the affairs of his native city. (Cic. pro Flacc. 7; Schol. Bob. ad loc.) At a subsequent period he was fortunate enough to obtain the favour and even personal friendship of Caesar, who, at the commencement of the Alexandrian war (B. C. 48), sent him into Syria and Cilicia to raise auxiliary forces. This service he performed with zeal and alacrity, and having assembled a large body of troops advanced by land upon Egypt, and by a sudden attack made himself master of Pelusium, though that important fortress had been strongly garrisoned by Achillas. But he was opposed at the passage of the Nile by the Egyptian army commanded by Ptolemy in person, and compelled to apply to Caesar for assistance. The dictator hastened to his suppo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Murcus, L. Sta'tius was Caesar's legatus in B. C. 48, and one of three commissioners appointed by him to treat with the Pompeians at Oricum (Caes. Civ. 3.15). Murcus was one of the praetors in B. C. 45-44, and went into Syria after his year of office expired, with the title of proconsul, and as successor to Sextus Caesar, slain by his own soldiers in Apameia, at the instigation of Caecilius Bassus [CAESAR, No. 24; BASSUS]. With the aid of Marcius Crispus, proconsul of Bithynia [CRISPUS], Murcus besieged Bassus in Apameia, and compelled him to surrender. But on the arrival of C. Cassius Longinus [LONGINUS, No. 11], Murcus and Crispus both surrendered their legions to him. Henceforward Murcus was an active supporter of the senatorian or Pompeian party. Cassius appointed him prefect of the fleet. He defeated Dolabella [DOLABELLA] and the Rhodians off the coast of Cilicia, and blockaded Laodiceia. Murcus was next stationed off the coast of Peloponnesus, and subsequently in the Ionian sea,
Nero 8. Tib. Claudius Nero, the father of the emperor Tiberius, was probably the son of No. 7. He was a descendant of Tib. Nero [see above, No. 1 ], the son of App. Claudius Caecus. He served as quaestor under C. Julius Caesar (B. C. 48) in the Alexandrine war (B. Al. 25; D. C. 42.40), and commanded a fleet which defeated the Egyptian fleet at the Canopic mouth of the Nile. He was rewarded for his services in Caesar's cause by being made a pontifex in the place of P. Cornelius Scipio, and was employed in establishing colonies in Gallia north of the Alps, among which Narbo (Narbonne) and Arelate (Arles) are mentioned; but the colony to Narbo was a supplementum, for it was settled A. D. 116. On the assassination of Caesar he went so far as to propose that the assassins should be rewarded. He was praetor probably in B. C. 42. On the quarrels breaking out among the triumviri he fled to Perusia and joined the consul L. Antonius, who was besieged there B. C. 41. In this year his eldest son
Opi'mius 7. M. Opimius, praefect of the cavalry in the army of Metellus Scipio, the father-it-law of Pompey, was taken prisoner by Cn. Domitius Caliis, B. C. 48. (Caes. Civ. 3.38.)
Q. Pati'sius was sent by Cn. Domitius Calvinus into Cilicia in B. C. 48, in order to fetch auxiliary troops (Hirt. B. Alex. 34). It is not impossible that he may be the same person as the Patiscus mentioned above.
. 57, when he was serving as legatus to his uncle in Gaul. (Caes. B. G.> 2.1.) In B. C. 55, Pedius became a candidate for the curule aedileship with Cn. Plancius and others, but he lost his election. (Cic. pro Planc. 7, 22: respecting the interpretation of these passages, see Wunder, Prolegomena, p. lxxxiii, &c. to his edition of Cicero's oration pro Plancio.) On the breaking out of the civil war in B. C. 49, Pedius naturally joined Caesar. During Caesar's campaign in Greece against Pompey, B. C. 48, Pedius remained in Italy, having been raised to the praetorship, and in the course of that year he defeated and slew Milo in the neighbourhood of Thurii. At the beginning of B. C. 45, we find Pedius serving as legatus against the Pompeian party in Spain, and on his return to Rome with Caesar in the autumn of the year, he was allowed the honour of a triumph with the title of proconsul. (Fasti Capit.) In Caesar's will Pedius was named one of his heirs along with his two other great-nephews,
Peducaeus 3. SEX. PEDUCAEUS, was an intimate friend both of Atticus and Cicero, the latter of whom frequently mentions him in his correspondence in terms of the greatest affection. During Cicero's absence in Cilicia Peducaeus was accused and acquitted, but of the nature of the accusation we are not informed. (Caelius, ad Fam. 8.14.) On the breaking out of the civil war between Caesar and Pompey, Peducaeus sided with the former, by whom he was appointed in B. C. 48 to the government of Sardinia. In B. C. 39, Peducaeus was propraetor in Spain, and this is the last time that his name is mentioned. (Cic. Att. 7.13, a., 14, 17, 9.7, 10, 10.1, 13.1, 15.13, 16.11, 15; Appian, App. BC 2.48, 5.54.)
Ilerda (Lerida in Catalonia), on the right bank of the Sicoris (Segre). At first they were very successful, and Caesar was placed in great difficulties; but these he quickly surmounted, and soon reduced the enemy to such straits, that Afranius and Petreius were obliged to surrender. They were dismissed uninjured by Caesar, part of their troops disbanded, and the remainder incorporated in the conqueror's army. Petreius joined Pompey in Greece, and after the loss of the battle of Pharsalia in B. C. 48, he first fled to Patrae in Achaia, and subsequently passed over to Africa. He took an active part in the campaign in Africa in B. C. 46. At the battle of Ruspina, fought at the beginning of January in this year, he was severely wounded; and he was also present at the battle of Thapsus in the month of April, by which Caesar completely destroyed all the hopes of the Pompeian party in Africa. After the loss of the battle Petreius fled with Juba to Zama, and as the inhabitants of that town wou
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Petro, T. Fla'vius the ancestor of the emperor Vespasian, was a native of the municipium of Reate, and served as a centurion in Pompey's army at the battle of Pharsalia, B. C. 48. (Suet. Vesp. 1.) [VESPASIANUS.]
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