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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 48 BC or search for 48 BC in all documents.

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Cra'stinus one of Caesar's veterans, who had been the primipilus in the tenth legion in the year before the battle of Pharsalus, and who served as a volunteer in the campaign against Pompey. It was he who commenced the battle of Pharsalus, B. C. 48, saying that, whether he survived or fell, Caesar should be indebted to him : he died fighting bravely in the foremost line. (Caes. Civ. 3.91, 92; Flor. 4.2.46; Lucan, 7.471, &c. ; Appian, App. BC 2.82; Plut. Pomp. 71, Caes. 44.)
o was encamped at Cybistra on the borders of Cappadocia, for the protection of Cappadocia and Cilicia against the Parthians, Deiotarus offered to join him with all his forces, and was indeed on his way to do so, when Cicero sent to inform him that events had rendered his assistance unnecessary. (Cic. Phil. 11.13, ad Fam. 8.10, 15.1, 2, 4.) In the civil war, Deiotarus attached himself to the cause of Pompey, together with whom he effected his escape in a ship after the battle of Pharsalia in B. C. 48. (Plut. Pomp. 73 ; Appian, App. BC 2.71; Caes. Civ. 3.4; Cic. de Div. 2.37, pro Deiot. 3, 4; Lucan. Phars. 5.55, 8.209.) In B. C. 47 he applied to Domitius Calvinus, Caesar's legate in Asia, for aid against Pharnaces, who had taken possession of Armenia Minor, and who in the campaign which followed defeated the Roman and Galatian forces near Nicopolis. (Hirt. Bell. Alex. 34-41, 65-77; Appian, App. BC 2.91; Plut. Cues. 50; D. C. 42.45-48; Sueton. Jul. 35; Cic. Fam. 15.15, pro Deiot. 5.) When
war between Caesar and Pompey broke out during the praetorship of Favonius, who is said to have been the first to taunt Pompey by requesting him to call forth the legions by stamping his foot on the ground. He fled at first with the consuls and several senators to Capua, and was the only one who would not listen to any proposals for reconciliation between the two rivals; but not withstanding his personal aversion to Pompey. he joined him and the Optimates, when they went over to Greece. In B. C. 48. we find him engaged in Macedonia, under Metellus Scipio, and during the ltter's absence in Thessaly, Favonius, who was left behind on the river Haliacmon with eight cohorts, was taken by surprise by Domitius Calvinus, and was saved only by the speedy return of Metellus Scipio. Up to the last moment Favonius would not hear of any reconciliation. After the unfortunate issue of the battle of Pharsalus, Favonins, however, acted as a faithful friend towards Pompey: he accompanied him in his fli
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Muna'tius one of the conspirators against Q. Cassius Longinus, praetor of Hispania Ulterior, B. C. 48. Munatius Flaccus commenced the attack upon Cassius Longinus by killing one of the lictors and wounding the legate, Q. Cassius. Like all the persons involved in that conspiracy, Flaccus was not a Roman, but an Italian. (Hirt. Bell. Alex. 52) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Vale'rius 17. L. Valerius Flaccus, a son of No. 15. When Cicero defended his father, Lucius was yet a little boy, and the orator introduced him into the court, for the purpose of exciting the pity of the judges. In the civil war between Caesar and Pompey, Flaccus fought on the side of the latter, and was killed in the battle of Dyrrhachium, B. C. 48. (Cic. pro Flacc. 36, Orat. 38; Caes. Civ. 3.53.)
th the assistance of Caecilius and Memmius. In B. C. 49 he returned from exile, upon the call of Caesar, but he took no part in direct hostilities against Pompey. After the battle of Pharsalia, he was despatched to Illyricum with the newly levied troops, in order to reinforce Q. Cornificius. Fearing the fleet of the Pompeiani, he went by land, and, on his march, was much harassed by the Dalmatians. In the neighbourhood of Salonae, after having lost more than 2000 men in an engagement with the natives, he threw himself into the town with the remainder of his forces, and for some time defended himself bravely against M. Octavius, but, in a few months, he was seized with a mortal illness, and died about the end of the year B. C. 48, or the beginning of the following year. (Appian, App. Ill. 12 and 27, Bell. Civ. 2.59; D. C. 42.11, 12.) (A. Rachenstein, Ueber A. Gabinius ein Programm. 8vo. Aarau. 1826; Drumann, Gesch. Roms. vol. iv. pp. 40-62, where all the authorities are collected.)
Ganyme'des 2. A eunuch attached to the Egyptian court, and tutor of Arsinoe, youngest daughter of Ptolemy Auletes. [ARSINOE, No. 6.] Towards the end of B. C. 48 Ganymedes accompanied Arsinoe in her flight from Alexandria to the Aegyptian camp; and, after assassinating their leader, Achillas [ACHILLAS], he succeeded to the command of the troops, whose favour he had secured by a liberal donative. Ganymedes, by his skilful dispositions and unremitting attacks, greatly distressed and endangered Caesar, whom he kept besieged in the upper city of Alexandria. By hydraulic wheels, he poured sea-water into the tanks and reservoirs of the Roman quarter; cut off Caesar's communication with his fleet, equipped two flotillas from the docks, the guardships, and the trading vessels, and twice encountered Caesar, once in the roadstead, and once in the inner harbour of Alexandria. But after her brother Ptolemy joined the insurgents, the power of Arsinoe declined, and Ganymedes disappears from history.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
M'. Acilius Glabrio son of the preceding and of Aemilia, daughter of M. Aemilius Scaurus, consul in B. C. 115. Glabrio addressed the judices in behalf of his father-in-law, who was impeached for extortion in B. C. 54. [SCAURUS.] (Ascon. in Cic. Scaurian. p. 29, Orelli.) Glabrio was born in the house of Cn. Pompey, B. C. 81,who married his mother after her compulsory divorce from the elder Glabrio [No. 5]. Aemilia died in giving birth to him. (Plut. Sull. 33, Pomp. 9.) In the civil wars, B. C. 48, Glabrio was one of Caesar's lieutenants, and commanded the garrison of Oricum in Epeirus (Caes. Civ. 3.15, 16, 39). During the African war Glabrio was stationed in Sicily, and at this time, B. C. 46, Cicero addressed to him nine letters (ad Fam. 13.30-39) in behalf of friends or clients to whom their affairs in Sicily, or the casualties of the civil war, rendered protection important. When Caesar, in B. C. 44, was preparing for the Parthian wars, Glabrio was sent forward into Greece with a de
Gra'nius 7. A. GRANIUS, a native of Putcoli, of equestrian rank at Rome, was killed among the Caesarian officers at Dyrrhachium, in B. C. 48. (Caesar, Caes. Civ. 3.71.)
Hegesara'tus was descended from an ancient and noble family of Larissa in Thessaly, and was leader of the Pompeian party in that city during the civil war in B. C. 48. He had been greatly befriended by Cicero while consul, and proved himself grateful to his benefactor, who strongly recommends Hegesaratus to Ser. Sulpicius, proconsul of Achaia in that year. (Cic. Fam. 13.25; Caes. Civ. 3.35.) [W.B.D]
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