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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Tarcondi'motus (search)
Tarcondi'motus (*Tarkondi/motos), the king of Cilicia, fought on Pompey's side against Caesar, in B. C. 48, but was pardoned by Caesar, and allowed to retain his dominions. After the death of Caesar he joined C. Cassius, and sub. sequently espoused the side of Antony against Octavian. He was killed in a sea-fight in B. C. 31, while fighting under Sosius against M. Agrippa. His name is variously written in the ancient authors, but we learn from coins that Tarcondimotus is the correct form (D. C. 41.63, 47.26, 1. 14; Strab. xiv. p.676; Cic. Fam. 15.1; Flor. 4.2.5; Plut. Ant. 61.) The sons of Tarcondimotus deserted Antony after the battle of Actium, and united themselves to Octavian; but Philopator, who had succeeded his father, was deprived by Octavian of the part of Cappadocian Pontus, which he held. In B. C. 20, however, Tarcondimotus, one of the sons, received from Octavian all the possessions of his father, with the exception of a few places on the coast. (D. C. 51.2, 7, 54.9.)
Ta'xiles 3. A general who commanded the auxiliary troops from the Lesser Armenia, that joined the army of Pompey before the battle of Pharsalia, B. C. 48. (Appian. B. C. 2.71.) [E.H.B]
Theo'dotus 9. A rhetorician of Samos, or, according to others, of Chios, who was the preceptor of the infant king of Egypt, Ptolemy XII. He appears to have exercised much political influence, and when after the battle of Pharsalia (B. C. 48), Pompey sought refuge in Egypt, it was Theodotus who was the first to suggest that the illustrious fugitive should be put to death. By this base advice he hoped to gain the favour of Caesar, and when the conqueror arrived in Egypt, hastened to meet him, bearing the head and signet ring of his rival. But Caesar turned from him with disgust, and would have put him to death, had he not succeeded in making his escape. At a subsequent period he was less fortunate tunate, being apprehended and executed in Asia, by order of M. Brutus in B. C. 43. (Liv. Epit. cxiii.; Plut. Pomp. 77, 80 ; Appian. B. C. 2.84, 90). [E.H.B]
L. Tibu'rtius a centurion in the civil war B. C. 48. (Caes. Civ. 3.19.)
Ti'tius 9. Q. Titius, was sent by Caesar into Epeirus in B. C. 48 to obtain corn for his troops. (Caes. Civ. 3.42.)
Ti'tius 10. L. Titius, a tribune of the soldiers in the Alexandrine war, B. C. 48. (Hirt. B. Alex. 57.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
istocratical party, he obtained a verdict in his favour. In B. C. 54 Torquatus defended Gabinius when he was accused by Sulla. Torquatus, like his father, belonged to the aristocratical party, and accordingly opposed Caesar on the breaking out of the civil war in B. C. 49. He was praetor in that year, and was stationed at Alba with six cohorts; but on the fall of Corfinium he abandoned Alba and his soldiers went over to Caesar. He subsequently joined Pompey in Greece. In the following year (B. C. 48) he had the command of Oricum intrusted to him, but was obliged to surrender both himself and the town to Caesar, who, with his usual magnanimity, dismissed Torquatus uninjured. Torquatus, however, forthwith joined Pompey, and fought under him against Caesar at Dyrrhachium (Oros. 5.15). After the battle of Pharsalia he went to Africa, and upon the defeat of his party in that country, in B. C. 46, he attempted to escape to Spain along with Scipio and others, but was taken prisoner by P. Sitt
his proposal received the approbation of the comitia, and is known by the name of the Lex Trebonia. (D. C. 39.33; Cic. Att. 4.8. b. § 2.) For this service he was rewarded by being appointed one of Caesar's legates in Gaul, where he remained till the breaking out of the civil war in B. C. 49. In the course of the same year he was intrusted by Caesar with the command of the land forces engaged in the siege of Massilia. (Caes. Gal. 5.24, 6.40, B. C. 1.36, 2.1; D. C. 41.19; Cic. Att. 8.3.7.) In B. C. 48 Trebonius was city-praetor, and in the discharge of his duties resisted the seditions attempts of his colleague M. Caelius Rufus to obtain by force the repeal of Caesar's law respecting the payment of debts. The history of these events is related elsewhere. [Vol. III. p. 672. b.] (Caes. Civ. 3.20, 21; D. C. 42.22.) Towards the end of B. C. 47, Trebonius, as propraetor, succeeded Q. Cassius Longinus in the government of Further Spain, but was expelled from the province by a mutiny of the sol
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Tria'rius, Vale'rius 3. C. Valerius Triarius, perhaps a brother of No. 2, was a friend of Cicero, who introduces him as one of the speakers in his dialogue De Finibus (1.5), and praises his oratory in his Brutus (100.76). His sister Valeria Paula divorced her husband in B. C. 50, and married D. Brutus. (Cael. apud Cic. ad Fam. 8.7.) On the breaking out of the civil war Triarius espoused the cause of Pompey, who appointed him and Laelius in B. C. 48 to the command of the ships which were furnished by the province of Asia. He was present at the battle of Pharsalia, and it is said to have been by his advice that Pompey ordered his troops to stand still and receive the charge of Caesar's soldiers, a mistake in the opinion of his great opponent. Triarius perished in the civil wars, probably in Africa, for Cicero speaks in B. C. 45 of his death, and adds, that Triarius had left him the guardian of his children. (Caes. Civ. 3.5, 92; Cic. Brut. 76, ad Att. 12.28.3.)
months' child, which was very weak, and died soon afterwards. After the battle of Pharsalia, Dolabella returned to Rome, but brought no consolation to his wife. He carried on numerous intrigues with various Roman ladies; and the weight of his debts had become so intolerable that he caused himself to be adopted into a plebeian family, in order to obtain the tribuneship of the people, and thus be able to bring forward a measure for the abolition of debts. He was elected tribune at the end of B. C. 48, and forthwith commenced to carry his schemes into execution. But Antony took up arms, and Dolabella was defeated. In the midst of these tumults Tullia, who had been long suffering from ill health. set out to join her father at Brundusium, which place she reached in June, B. C. 47. Cicero, however, was unwilling that even his own daughter should be a witness of his degradation, and he therefore sent her back to her mother. Dolabelia's conduct had been so scandalous, that a divorce would hav
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