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Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
C. Julius Caesar, Gallic War 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 48 BC or search for 48 BC in all documents.

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sed of bribery by the two Gallii, one of whom he had himself accused in B. C. 64. (Cael. ap. Cic. ad Fam. 8.4, 9.) In the debate in the senate at the beginning of January, B. C. 49, Calidius gave it as his opinion that Pompey ought to depart to his provinces to prevent any occasion for war; and on the breaking out of the civil war immediately afterwards, he joined Caesar, by whom he was appointed to the government of the province of Gallia Togata. He died at Placentia, in his province, in B. C. 48. (Caes. Civ. 1.2; Euseb. Chron. Ol. 180. 4.) Editions The fragments of the orations of Calidius are given in Meyer's Oratorum Roman. Fragm. p. 434, &100.2nd ed. Further Information Comp. Ellendt's Prolegomena to his edition of Cicero's Brutus, p. cvii. and Westermann's Gesch. der Röm. Beredtsamkeit, § 69, not. 6-11. Coinage The coin annexed refers to this M. Calidius. It bears on the obverse the head of Rome, and on the reverse Victory in a two-horse chariot, with the inscription M
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ate friend of Cicero and Trebatius. Cicero first speaks of him in a lettér to Trebatius, written in B. C. 52, in which he congratulates the latter upon having become a friend of Matius, whom he calls "suavissimus doctissimusque homo" (ad Fam. 7.15); but Cicero himself had been intimate with him some time before. Matius paid Cicero a visit at his Formian villa in B. C. 49, when he was on his way to join Caesar at Brundusium; and when Cicero returned to Italy after the battle of Pharsalia, in B. C. 48, greatly alarmed at the reception which Caesar might give him, Matius met him at Brundusium, did his best to console him, and promised to exert his influence with Caesar to obtain his pardon. From that time till Caesar's death, Matius and Cicero appear to have seen a good deal of one another; and he is frequently mentioned by Cicero in the period immediately following Caesar's death. (Cic. Att. 9.11, 12, 15, a., ad Fam. 6.12, ad Att. 14.1, 2, 4, 5, 9, 15.2, 16.11, but the fullest informatio
Canuleius 9. L. Canuleius, one of Caesar's legates in the war with Pompey, B. C. 48, was sent by Caesar into Epeirus in order to collect corn. (Caes. Civ. 3.42.)
Ca'ssius 4. Q. Cassius, legate of Q. Cassius Longinus in Spain in B. C. 48, and probably the same to whom Antony gave Spain at the division of the provinces at the end of B. C. 44. (Hirt. B. Alex. 52, 57; Cic. Philipp. 3.10.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger (search)
efending the island, took flight, and proceeded to join Pompey at Dyrrachium. Little confidence was placed in his military skill, or in the course that he would pursue if his party succeeded; for, though it was now his object to crush the rebellion of Caesar, it was felt that his efforts might soon be directed to limit the power of Pompey. After Pompey's victory at Dyrrachium, Cato was left in charge of the camp, and was thus salved from being present at the disastrous battle of Pharsalia. (B. C. 48.) After this battle, he set sail for Corcyra with the troops and the fleet left in his charge; but he offered to resign his command to Cicero, who was now anxious for a reconciliation with Caesar. Cicero, a man equally incompetent to command, declined the offer. Cato now proceeded to Africa, where he hoped to find Pompey; but on his route he received intelligence from Cornelia of Pompey's assassination. After a circuitous voyage he effected a landing, and was admitted by the inhabitants of
Chrysippus a learned freedman of Cicero, who ordered him to attend upon his son ill B. C. 52; but as he left young Marcus without the knowledge of his patron, Cicero determined to declare his manumission void. As, however, we find Chrysippus in the confidence of Cicero again in B. C. 48, he probably did not carry his threat into effect. (Cic. ad Q. Fr. 3.4, 5, ad Att. 7.2, 5,11.)
of Pompey he was in bad health, low spirits, embarrassed by pecuniary difficulties, in the habit of inveighing against everything he heard and saw around him, and of giving way to the deepest despondency. After the battle of Pharsalia (August 9, B. C. 48), at which he was not present, Cato, who had a fleet and a strong body of troops at Dyrrachium, offered them to Cicero as the person best entitled by his rank to assume the command; and upon his refusing to have any further concern with warlike he death of Clodius (2.17, B. C. 52), and since Cato and Pompey are both named as alive (3.18, 1.3, 3.9), it is manifest that the action of the drama belongs to some epoch between the beginning of the year, B. C. 52, and the battle of Pharsalia, B. C. 48; but on the other hand this evidence will only enable us to deeide that the drama was composed after the 18th of January, B. C. 52, the day when Clodius perished, without defining any second limit before which it must have been composed. When, h
he troops and their commander. (Caes. Gal. 5.24, &c.) Quintus was one of the legati of the orator in Cilicia, B. C. 51, took the chief command of the military operations against the mountaineers of the Syrian frontier, and upon the breaking out of the civil war, insisted upon sharing his fortunes and following him to the camp of Pompey. (Ad Att. 9.1, 6.) Up to this time the most perfect confidence and the warmest affection subsisted between the brothers; but after the battle of Pharsalia (B. C. 48) the younger, giving way to the bitterness of a hasty temper exasperated by disappointment, and stimulated by the representations of his son, indulged in the most violent language towards M. Cicero, wrote letters to the most distinguished persons in Italy loading him with abuse, and, proceeding to Alexandria, made his peace with Caesar. (B. C. 47.) (Ad Att. 11.5, 9, 13, 14-16, 20.) A reconciliation took place after his return to Italy; but we hear little more of him until the year B. C. 43,
Clau'dius 6. P. Clodius, M. F. appears on several coins which bear the image of Caesar and Antonius. (Eckhel, v. p. 172; Vaillant, Anton. Nos. 14, 15, Claud. 43-46.) He is probably the same with the Clodius whom Caesar in B. C. 48 sent into Macedonia to Metellus Scipio (Caes. Civ. 3.57), and with the Clodius Bithynicus mentioned by Appian (App. BC 5.49), who fought on the side of Antonius in the Perusian war, and was taken prisoner and put to death in B. C. 40 by the command of Octavianus.
Cotys 4. A king of Thrace, took part against Caesar with Pompey, and sent him a body of auxiliaries under his son Sadales in B. C. 48. (Caes. Civ. 3.4; Lucan. Phars. 5.54.)
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