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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, Three orations on the Agrarian law, the four against Catiline, the orations for Rabirius, Murena, Sylla, Archias, Flaccus, Scaurus, etc. (ed. C. D. Yonge) 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 28 (search)
Hippocrates, the tyrant of Gela, after his victory over the Syracusans,In the battle of Helorus, c. 491 B.C. pitched his camp in the temple area of Zeus. And he seized the person of the priest of the temple and certain Syracusans who were in the act of taking down the golden dedications and removing in particular the robe of the statue of Zeus in the making of which a large amount of gold had been used. And after sternly rebuking them as despoilers of the temple, he ordered them to return to the city, but he himself did not touch the dedications, since he was intent upon gaining a good name and he thought not only that one who had commenced a war of such magnitude should commit no sin against the deity, but also that he would set the commons at variance with the administrators of the affairs of Syracuse, because men would think the latter were ruling the state to their own advantage and not to that o
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Elis 2, chapter 9 (search)
of Gelon, I did not come to the same opinion about it as my predecessors, who hold that the chariot is an offering of the Gelon who became tyrant in Sicily. Now there is an inscription on the chariot that it was dedicated by Gelon of Gela, son of Deinomenes, and the date of the victory of this Gelon is the seventy-third Festival488 B.C.. But the Gelon who was tyrant of Sicily took possession of Syracuse when Hybrilides was archon at Athens, in the second year of the seventy-second Olympiad491 B.C., when Tisicrates of Croton won the foot-race. Plainly, therefore, he would have announced himself as of Syracuse, not Gela. The fact is that this Gelon must be a private person, of the same name as the tyrant, whose father had the same name as the tyrant's father. It was Glaucias of Aegina who made both the chariot and the portrait-statue of Gelon. At the Festival previous to this it is said that Cleomedes of Astypalaea killed Iccus of Epidaurus during a boxing-match. On being convicted by
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 2, chapter 1 (search)
victorious at all points and that Cyrus was alive.] At daybreak the generals came together, and they wondered that Cyrus neither sent anyone else to tell them what to do nor appeared himself. They resolved, accordingly, to pack up what they had, arm themselves, and push forward until they should join forces with Cyrus. When they were on the point of setting out, and just as the sun was rising, came Procles, the ruler of Teuthrania, a descendant of Damaratus,A king of Sparta who was deposed in 491 B.C., fled to Persia, and afterwards accompanied Xerxes in his expedition against Greece. Teuthrania (in western Asia Minor) made part of the territory given him by Xerxes as a reward for this service. the Laconian, and with him Glus, the son of Tamos. They reported that Cyrus was dead, and that Ariaeus had fled and was now, along with the rest of the barbarians, at the stopping-place from which they had set out on the preceding day; further, he sent word that he and his troops were that day
Appian, Italy (ed. Horace White), Fragments (search)
Fragments FROM SUIDAS The Volsci, in nowise terrified by the misfortunes of their neighbors, made war against the Romans and laid siege to their colonies. FROM SUIDAS Y.R. 263The people refused to elect Marcius (Coriolanus) when B.C. 491 he sought the consulship, not because they considered him unfit, but because they feared his domineering spirit. FROM SUIDAS Y.R. 265Marcius being inflamed against the Romans when they B.C. 489 banished him went over to the Volsci, meditating no small revenge. FROM SUIDAS Y.R. 266When he arrived there, having renounced his own country B.C. 488 and kin, he did not meditate anything in particular, but intended to side with the Volsci against his country.Mendelssohn considers this whole fragment corrupt. FROM "THE EMBASSIES" When Marcius had been banished, and had taken refuge with the Volsci, and made war against t
M. Tullius Cicero, On the Agrarian Law (ed. C. D. Yonge), chapter 10 (search)
which was the same as the auctoritas patrum, was necessary in order to confer upon the dictator, the consuls, and the other magistrates the imperium or military command. The comitia curiata were held by the patrician magistrates, and they voted by their curies. The comitia centuriata were the assembly of the populus and plebs together, and they voted by their centuries by ballot. The comitia tributa were not established till B. C. 491. They were an assembly of the people according to the local tribes into which the Plebs was originally divided. No qualification of birth or property was necessary to enable a them to vote in the comitia tributa. They were summoned by the tribuni plebis, who were also the presiding magistrates in general; but the consuls or praetors might preside if they were convoked for the election of inferior magistrates, such as the quaestor, propraetor, or p
Cleander (*Kle/andros). 1. Tyrant of Gela, which had been previously subject to an oligarchy. He reigned for seven years, and was murdered B. C. 498, by a man of Gela named Sabyllus. He was succeeded by his brother Hippocrates, one of whose sons was also called Cleander. The latter, together with his brother Eucleides, was deposed by Gelon when he seized the government for himself in B. C. 491. (Hdt. 7.154, 155; Aristot. Pol. 5.12, ed. Bekk.; Paus. 6.9
Crius (*Kri=os), son of Polycritus, and one of the chief men of Aegina. When the Aeginetans, in B. C. 491, had submitted to the demand of Dareius Hystaspis for earth and water, Cleomenes I., king of Sparta, crossed over to the island to apprehend those who had chiefly advised the measure, but was successfully resisted by Crius on the ground that he had not come with authority from the Spartan government, since his colleague Demaratus was not with him. Cleomenes, being obliged to withdraw, consoled himself by a play or the words *Kri=os and krio/s (a ram), advising the refractory Aeginetan to arm his horns with brass. as he would soon need all the defence he could get (Hdt. 6.50; comp. 5.75.) It was supposed that the resistance had been privately encouraged by Demaratus (6.61, 64), and on the deposition of the latter, and the appointment of Leotychides to the throne (6.65, 66), Cleomenes again went to Aegina with his new colleague, and, having seized Crius and others, delivered them
vasion, by which Cleomeenes proposed to wreak his vengeance on Athens, Demaratus, who was joint commander, on the arrival of the army at Eleusis, followed the example of the Corinthians, and refused to cooperate any further. The other allies began now to move away, and Cleomenes was forced to follow. (Herodot. 5.75.) Henceforward we may easily imagine that his fury at his indignities, and their general incompatibility of teimper, would render the feud between them violent and obstinate. In B. C. 491 Cleomenes while in Aegina found himself thwarted there, and intrigued against at home, by his adversary, who encouraged the Aeginetans to insult him by refusing to acknowledge the unaccredited authority of a single king. Cleomenes returned, and set the whole of his vehement unscrupulous energy to work to rid himself of Demaratus, calling to llis aid Leotychides, next heir to the house of Procles, whom Demaratus had, moreover, made his enemy by robbing him of his affianced bride, Percalus,
Eucleides 2. One of the sons of Hippocrates, tyrant of Gela. It was in suppressing a revolt of the Geloans against Eucleides and his brother, which broke out on the death of Hippocrates, that Gelon managed to get the sovereignty into his own hands, B. C. 491. (Hdt. 7.155.)
e service of Hippocrates, at that time tyrant of Gela, and distinguished himself greatly in the wars carried on by that monarch, so as to be promoted to the chief command of his cavalry. On the death of Hippocrates, the people of Gela rose in revolt against his sons, and attempted to throw off their yoke. Gelon espoused the cause of the young princes, and defeated the insurgents; but took advantage of his victory to set aside the sons of Hippocrates, and retain the chief power for himself, B. C. 491. (Hdt. 7.154, 155; Schol. ad Pind. Nem. 9.95.) He appears to have held undisturbed rule over Gela for some ears, until the internal dissensions of Syracuse afforded him an opportunity to interfere in the concerns of that city. The oligarchical party (called the Geomori, or Gamori) had been expelled from Syracuse by the populace, and taken refuge at Casmenae. Gelon espoused their cause, and proceeded to restore them by force of arms. On his approach the popular party opened the gates to him
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