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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 26-27 (ed. Frank Gardner Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 19 (search)
thing that the kings before his time, though possessing inferior resources, had reduced in war the greatest nations, whereas he, who had forces greater than any man before him had ever acquired, had accomplished no deed worthy of mention. When the Tyrrheniansc. 520 B.C. Not to be confused with the Tyrrhenians (Etruscans) of Italy. These Tyrrhenians came to Lemnos in all probability from Asia Minor c. 700 B.C. were leaving Lemnos, because of their fear of the Persians, they claimed that they were doing so because of certain oracles, and they gave the island over to Miltiades.The famous hero of Marathon, 490 B.C. The leader of the Tyrrhenians in this affair was Hermon, and as a result presents of this kind have from that time been called "gifts of Hermon."These are presumably presents made out of dire necessity. Modern historians say that Miltiades "conquered" Lemnos c. 510 or c. 493 B.C.; see Hdt. 6.140.Const. Exc. 4, pp. 297-298.
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Attica, chapter 1 (search)
r a fortification was built on it and a palisade constructed by Patroclus, who was admiral in command of the Egyptian men-of-war sent by Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy, son of Lagus, to help the Athenians, when Antigonus, son of Demetrius, was ravaging their country, which he had invaded with an army, and at the same time was blockading them by sea with a fleet.c. 267-263 B.C. The Peiraeus was a parish from early times, though it was not a port before Themistocles became an archon of the Athenians.493 B.C. Their port was Phalerum, for at this place the sea comes nearest to Athens, and from here men say that Menestheus set sail with his fleet for Troy, and before him Theseus, when he went to give satisfaction to Minos for the death of Androgeos. But when Themistocles became archon, since he thought that the Peiraeus was more conveniently situated for mariners, and had three harbors as against one at Phalerum, he made it the Athenian port. Even up to my time there were docks there, and near t
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXXV. AN ACCOUNT OF PAINTINGS AND COLOURS., CHAP. 45.—THE MOST FAMOUS MODELLERS. (search)
CHAP. 45.—THE MOST FAMOUS MODELLERS. The most celebrated modellers were Damophilus and Gorgasus, who were painters as well. These artists adorned with their works, in both kinds, the Temple of Ceres,In the Eleventh Region of the City. This Temple of Ceres, Bacchus, and Proserpine, in the Circus Maximus, was vowed by A. Posthumius, the Dictator, A.U.C. 258, and dedicated by the consul Cassius, A.U.C. 261, or B.C. 493. in the Circus Maximus at Rome; with an inscription in Greek, which stated that the decorations on the right-hand were the workmanship of Damophilus, and those on the left, of Gorgasus. Varro says that, before the construction of this temple, everything was TuscanSee B. xxxiv. c. 16. in the temples; and that, when the temple was afterwards repaired, the painted coatings of the walls were cut away in tablets and enclosed in frames, but that the figures on the pediments were dispersed. Chalcosthenes,Sillig (Dict. Anc. Art.) is of opinion that this Chalcosthenes is not i
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 27 (ed. Frank Gardner Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 7 (search)
f. XXIV. xliii. 4. consequently Licinius abdicated his office. The curule aediles, Lucius VeturiusHe was consul in 206 B.C.; XXVIII. x. 8. B.C. 210 and Publius Licinius Varus, renewed the Roman Games for one day. The plebeian aediles, Quintus Catius and Lucius Porcius Licinus, out of money paid in fines set up bronze statues at the Temple of Ceres,This was the temple of the Roman plebeians and headquarters of the plebeian aediles, who conducted these ludi plebeii in November. It was founded 493 B.C. and they celebrated the games with splendid appointments, considering the resources of the time. VII. At the end of this yearThis late season may be drawn from a different authority, since the capture of New Carthage has been described as taking place in the spring, and 40 days would have been sufficient for the entire voyage. But see De Sanctis l.c. pp. 468 f.; cf. XXVI. li. 2. Gaius Laelius, Scipio's lieutenant, came to Rome on the thirty-fourth day after leaving Tarraco. And o
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES (search)
CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES a temple on the slope of the Aventine hill, near the west end of the circus Maximus. According to tradition there was a famine in Rome in 496 B.C., and the dictator L. Postumius, after consulting the Sibylline books, vowed a temple to Demeter, Dionysus, and Kore if they would bring abundance again to the city. The temple was built, and dedicated in 493 B.C. by the consul Sp. Cassius (Dionys. vi. 17, 94) to Ceres, Liber, and Libera, with whom the Greek deities were identified. Beloch (Rom. Gesch. 329) assigns it to the fourth century B.C. It was araeostyle, with columns of the Tuscan order, and the fastigium was decorated with statues of gilded bronze or terracotta of Etruscan workmanship (Vitr. iii. 3. 5). The walls of the cella were decorated with frescoes and reliefs by two Greek artists, Gorgasus and Damophilus,Cf. Urlichs, Malerei vor Caesar, 4-5 ; E. Douglas Van Buren, Terracotta Revetments, 31-32. and there was a Greek inscription
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments B.C. 509 Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus dedicated, 297. of Dea Carna vowed (and built some years later), 148. 501-493of Saturn, 463. 499of Castor vowed, 102. 496of Cares, Liber and Libera vowed, 109. Lacus Juturnae, 311. 495Temple of Mercur dedicated, 339. 493of Ceres, Liber and Libera dedicated, 109 484of Castor dedicated, 102 466Aedes of Semo Sancus dedicated, 469. 456Part of Aventine given to Plebs, 67. 445Lacus Curtius (?), 310. 439Conlumna Minucia, 133. 435Villa Publica built, 581. 433Temple of Apollo vowed, 5. 430of Apollo dedicated, 15. 395of Mater Matuta restored, 330. 392of Juno Regina on Aventine dedicated, 290. 390The Gallic fire: debris in Comitium, 135, 451; Regia burnt, 441; Templ of Vesta burnt, 557. Ara Aii Locutii dedicated by Senate, 3. 389(after). Via Latina, 564. 388Area Capitolina enlarged, 48. Temple of Mars on Via Appia, 328. 384Patri
Damo'philus or DEMO'PHILUS, a painter and modeller (plastes) who, with Gorgasus, embellished the temple of Ceres by the Circus Maximus at Rome with works of art in both departments, to which was affixed an inscription in Greek verses, intimating that the works on the right were by Damophilus, those on the left by Gorgasus. (Plin. Nat. 35.12. s. 45.) This temple was that of Ceres, Liber, and Libera, which was vowed by the dictator A. Postumius, in his battle with the Latins, B. C. 496, and was dedicated by Sp. Cassius Viscellinus in B. C. 493. (Dionys. A. R. 6.17, 94; Tac. Ann. 2.49.) See DEMOPHILUS. [P.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
artius Flavus was the first dictator (Dionys. A. R. 5.71; Liv. 2.18) : lie received the imperium from his colleague, appointed his master of the equites, held a census of the citizens, adjusted the differences of Rome with the Latins, and after presiding at the next consular comitia, laid down his office long before its term had expired. (Dionys. A. R. 5.76, 77.) According to one account (id. 6.1 ; comp. Liv. 2.8), Lartius Flavus dedicated the temple of Saturn, or the Capitol on the Capitoline hill. He was one of the envoys sent by the senate, B. C. 493, to treat with the plebs in their secession to the Sacred Hill (Dionys. A. R. 6.81), and in the same year he served as legatus to the consul, Postumus Cominius, at the siege of Corioli. (Id. 92 ; Plut. Coriolan. 8.) In a tumult of the plebs, arising from the pressure of debt, B. C. 494, Lartius recommended conciliatory measures (Liv. 2.29), and this agrees with the character of him by Dionysius (ll. cc.) as a mild and just man. [W.B.D]
Ici'lius 1. SP. ICILIUS, was one of the three envoys sent by the plebeians, after their secession to the Sacred Mount, to treat with the senate. (B. C. 494.) He does not appear to have been elected one of the first tribunes, upon the establishment of the office in B. C. 493; but he was chosen tribune of the plebs for the following year (B. C. 492). In his tribunate he vehemently attacked the senate on account of the dearness of provisions, and as the patricians attempted to put him down, he introduced and procured the enactment of a law ordaining, that whosoever should interrupt a tribune when addressing the people, should give security to the tribunes for the payment of whatsoever fine they might inflict upon him, and that if he refused to do so, his life and property should be forfeited. ( Dionys. A. R. 6.88, 7.14, 17; comp. Cic. pro Sest. 37.) Niebuhr remarks (Hist. of Rome, vol. ii. p. 232), that this law could not have been passed before the Publilian law (B. C. 471), which tra
Ici'lius 2. C. Icilius Ruga, is mentioned by Dionysius (6.89) as one of the first five tribunes of the plebs, upon the establishment of the office in B. C. 493.
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