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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 39 39 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (ed. L. C. Purser) 12 12 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 5 5 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 53 BC or search for 53 BC in all documents.

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Acco a chief of the Senones in Gaul, who induced his countrymen to revolt against Caesar, B. C. 53. On the conclusion of the war Acco was put to death by Caesar. (Bell. Gall. 6.4, 44.)
ted to depart, on condition of surrendering all the fortresses still in his power. In the following year, during the expedition of Gabinius into Egypt, Alexander again excited the Jews to revolt, and collected an army. He massacred all the Romans who fell in his way, and besieged the rest, who had taken refuge on Mount Gerizim. After rejecting the terms of peace which were offered to him by Gabinius, he was defeated near Mount Tabor with the loss of 10,000 men. The spirit of his adherents, however, was not entirely crushed, for in B. C. 53, on the death of Crassus, he again collected some forces, but was compelled to come to terms by Cassius. (B. C. 52.) In B. C. 49, on the breaking out of the civil war, Caesar set Aristobulus at liberty, and sent him to Judaea, to further his interests in that quarter. He was poisoned on the journey, and Alexander, who was preparing to support him, was seized at the command of Pompey, and beheaded at Antioch. (J. AJ 14.5-7; Bell. Jud. 1.8, 9.) [C.P.M]
Arru'ntius 2. ARRUNTIUS, was also proscribed by the triumvirs in B. C. 43, but escaped to Pompey, and was restored to the state together with Pompey. (Appian, App. BC 4.46; Vell. 2.77.) This is probably the same Arruntius who commanded the left wing of the fleet of Octavianus at the battle of Actium, B. C. 31. (Vell. 2.85; comp. Plut. Ant. 66.) There was a L. Arruntius, consul in B. C. 22 (D. C. 54.1), who appears to be the same person as the one mentioned above, and may perhaps also be the same as the L. Arruntius, the friend of Trebatius, whom Cicero mentions (ad Fam. 7.18) in B. C. 53.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Orodes I. (search)
Arsaces Xiv. or Orodes I. ORODES I., the brother of the preceding, was the Parthian king, whose general Surenas defeated Crassus and the Romans, in B. C. 53. [CRASSUS.] The death of Crassus and the destruction of the Roman army spread universal alarm through the eastern provinces of the Roman empire. Orodes, becoming jealous of Surenas, put him to death, and gave the command of the army to his son Pacorus, who was then still a youth. The Parthians, after obtaining possession of all the country east of the Euphrates, entered Syria, in B. C. 51, with a small force, but were driven back by Cassius. In the following year (B. C. 50) they again crossed the Euphrates with a much larger army, which was placed nominally under the command of Pacorus, but in reality under that of Osaces, an experienced general. They advanced as far as Antioch, but unable to take this city arched against Antigoneia, near which they were defeated by Cassius. Osaces was killed in the battle, and Pacorus thereupon w
nius, the provinces were continued to him for five years more, namely, from the 1st of January, B. C. 53 to the end of the year 49. In B. C. 55, Caesar left Italy earlier than usual, in order to mak This proposal, however, was declined, but for what reason we are not told. In the next year, B. C. 53, which was Caesar's sixth campaign in Gaul, the Gauls again took up arms, and entered into a mothreatened a speedy rupture between him and Pompey. The death of Crassus in the Parthian war in B. C. 53 had left Caesar and Pompey alone at the head of the state. Pompey had been the chief instrumentmade him anxious to increase his power and influence, and he had therefore resolved as early as B. C. 53 to obtain, if possible, the dictatorship. He accordingly used no effort to put an end to the diThe legion which Pompey intended to devote to this service was the one he had lent to Caesar in B. C. 53, and which he now accordingly demanded back; and although Caesar saw that he should thus be dep
und leisure to compose his two great political works, the De Republica and the De Legibus. After the death of Crassus (B. C. 53) he was admitted a member of the college of augurs, and towards the end of B. C. 52, at the very moment when his presencCicero to the augurate (2.12, 3.19), an event which did not take place until the vacancy caused by the death of Crassus (B. C. 53) was known at Rome, and also to the death of Clodius (2.17, B. C. 52), and since Cato and Pompey are both named as alivesive evidence of having been composed before the death of Clodius (B. C. 52), and the sixth before the death of Crassus (B. C. 53). Hence we must conclude that Cicero, soon after his arrival at Rome from Brundusium, amused himself by adding to a seri 4.15.) [MESSIUS.] De Reatinorum Causa contra Interamnates. (Ad Att. 4.15.) * * De Aere alieno Milonis Interrogatio, B. C. 53. [MILO.] Pro T. Annio Milone, B. C. 52 [MILO.] Pro Saufeio. Two orations. B. C. 52. [SAUFEIUS.] Contra T. Munatium
nesses to prove that laws had been passed assigning to Appius and his colleague the command of an army, and settling in other respects the administration of the provinces to which they were to go as proconsuls. The whole affair, however, was exposed, and the comitia were not held in that year. (Cic. Att. 4.18, 15, 16, ad Q. Fr. 3.1. cap. 5.) Appius, however, asserted his right to command an army, even without a lex curiata. (Ad Fam. 1.9.25, ad Att. 4.16.12.) He reached his province in July, B. C. 53, and governed it for two years. His rule appears to have been most tyrannous and rapacious. (Cic. Att. 6.1, 2.8, ad Fam. 15.4, comp. 3.8.5-8.) He made war upon the mountaineers of Amanus, and some successes over them gave him a pretext for claiming a triumph. (Cic. Fam. 3.1, 2; Eckhel, iv. p. 360.) Cicero wrote to him, while in his province, in terms of the greatest cordiality (ad Fam. 3.1); but when he was appointed his successor in 51, Appius did not conceal his displeasure. He avoided me
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), P. Clodius Pulcher (search)
ted, the rewards they had promised him for his services. It appears, however, that he remained in Rome. We hear nothing more of him this year. In B. C. 54 we find him prosecuting the ex-tribune Procilius, who, among other acts of violence, was charged with murder; and soon after we find Clodius and Cicero, with four others, appearing to defend M. Aemilius Scaurus. Yet it appears that Cicero still regarded him with the greatest apprehension. (Cic. Att. 4.15, ad Q. Fr. 2.15, b., 3.1. 4.) In B. C. 53 Clodius was a candidate for the praetorship, and Milo for the consulship. Each strove to hinder the election of the other. They collected armed bands of slaves and gladiators, and the streets of Rome became the scene of fresh tumults and frays, in one of which Cicero himself was endangered. When the consuls endeavoured to hold the comitia, Clodius fell upon them with his band, and one of them, Cn. Domitius, was wounded. The senate met to deliberate. Clodius spoke, and attacked Cicero and Mi
rebates, was advanced to that dignity by Caesar. When Caesar's projected invasion of Britain became known to the inhabitants, ambassadors from various states came to him. Commius, in whose fidelity Caesar had great confidence, and whose influence in Britain was great, was sent back with them, accompanied by a small body of cavalry. He was seized and cast into chains by the Britons, but was released when, after a defeat, they found it expedient to sue for peace. (Caes. Gal. 4.21, 27, 35.) In B. C. 53, we find him serving under Caesar against the Menapii (6.6); but towards the close of 52, when an extensive league was formed by the Gauls for the purpose of relieving Alesia, his patriotism proved stronger than his gratitude. He joined the confederates, and was one of those to whom the chief command was assigned. (7.76, 79, &c.) In the course of the ensuing winter, an ineffectual attempt was made by T. Labienus to assassinate him. (8.23.) We find him again in 51 one of the two leaders of t
Copo'nius 5. COPONUS, was left in command of Carrae in the expedition of Crassus against the Parthians, B. C. 53. (Plut. Crass. 27.) He may also have been the same as No. 6.
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