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J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Life of Cicero. (search)
De Legibus. He also continued his activity at the bar on his own behalf and that of his friends, as well as at the request of the powerful leaders. He secured the restoration of his property, Pro Domo Sua (B.C. 57). and defended Sestius, Pro P. Sestio, on a charge of assault (B.C. 56). who had been active in his recall. Toward the end of this period he also defended Milo for the murder of Clodius. B.C. 52. For the circumstances, see pp. 169, 170, below. His defence of Gabinius and Vatinius (B.C. 54), creatures of Pompey and Caesar respectively, was less honorable to him; but he was hardly a free agent in these matters. "I am distressed," he writes to his brother Quintus, "I am distressed that there is no longer any government nor any courts, and that this time of my life, which ought to be brilliant with the prestige of a Senator, is either worn out in the labors of the Forum, or made endurable by literature at home. Of my enemies, some I do not oppose, and others I even defend. I am
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 9 (search)
In sect. 8 Cicero shows that Archias was a citizen of Heraclia and so came under the first requirement of the law; in sect. 9 he claims that his client had also complied with the other two requirements (domicilium and professio). civitatem datam, i.e. by the law before cited. professione, list of declarations. conlegio: the praetors, when regarded as a whole, could be spoken of as a "board." cum, while. Appi, i.e. Appius Claudius, husband of Caecilia (the friend of Roscius: see Rosc. Am., sect. 50) and father of the infamous Clodius. Gabini: see Introd. to Pompey's Military Command. damnationem: he was condemned, B.C. 54, for extortion on complaint of the Achaeans. L. Lentulum: nothing further is known of him; he probably presided over a court (judices) to determine cases involving citizenship under the new law.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 22 (search)
quod, in that: § 572, a (333, a); B. 299, 2 ; G. 525, 2 ; H. 588, 31 N. (516, 2, N.); H-B. 552, 2. Domiti: L. Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul, B.C. 54), afterwards a leader against Caesar in the Civil War, an arrogant and uncompromising upholder of the aristocracy. The emperor Nero was his descendant. consularem: sc. praeesse. documenta maxima: in his praetorship (B.C. 58) Domitius had roughly cut his way through a crowd of the followers of Clodius, killing many of them.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BASILICA AEMILIA BASILICA PAULI (search)
of the earlier structure. Nevertheless, he does not seem to have completed the work, for in 34 B.C. his son L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus, when consul, finished and dedicated the building (Cass. Dio xlix. 42). In all references to the basilica after 54 B.C., except those cited above from Varro, Pliny and Plutarch, it appears as basilica Paulli (Stat. Silv. i. 1. 30: regia Pauli), so that this, rather than basilica Aemilia, was probably its ordinary name. In 14 B.C. it was burned, and rebuilt in from which it was separated by a narrow passage) and the Argiletum. There are some remains, including a column base which probably belongs to the earliest period of the basilica, of the structures of 179, 78, and 34 B.C. (TF 66-75), or of 78 and 54 B.C. (JRS 1922, 29-31), but it is clear that little change was made in the extent and plan of the basilica in the rebuildings of 14 B.C. and 22 A.D. It consisted of a main hall, divided into a nave and two aisles by two orders of co
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BASILICA IULIA (search)
BASILICA IULIA on the south side of the forum, between the vicus Tuscus and the vicus Iugarius. It was perhaps begun by Aemilius Paullus on behalf of Caesar, probably in 54 B.C. (cf. the difficult passage Cic. ad Att. iv. 16. 8, a letter written in that year, and the commentators, especially Becker, Top. 301-306; Jord. i. 2. 394; and contrast AJA 1913, 25, n. 2), dedicated in an unfinished state in 46 (Mon. Anc. iv. 13; Hier. a. Abr. 1971), completed by Augustus, burned soon afterwards, and, when rebuilt in an enlarged form by Augustus, dedicated again in 12 A.D. in the names of Gaius and Lucius Caesar (Mon. Anc. iv. 13- 16; Cass. Dio Ivi. 27 ;*)iouli/a, is a correction, the text (supra, 73) having *lioui/a. Suet. Aug. 29). It is not certain, however, that the building was entirely finished when dedicated for the second time (cf. Mon. Anc. loc. cit.). It was injured by fire under Carinus (Chron. p. 148) and restored by Diocletian (ib.), and again in 416 A.D. by a ce
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM IULIUM (search)
FORUM IULIUM the first of the so-called imperial fora, begun by Julius Caesar and designed, not for a market, but to provide a centre for business of other kinds (App. BC ii. 102). The plan of this forum had been conceived as early as 54 B.C., for in that year Cicero and Oppius were engaged in purchasing land for Caesar from private owners, and had already paid sixty million sesterces (Cic. ad Att. iv. 16. 8). More land was acquired afterwards, and the final cost is said to have been one hundred million sesterces, about 1,000,000 pounds (Plin. xxxvi. 103; Suet. Caes. 26), a sum perhaps exaggerated. Work was probably begun in 51, during Caesar's absence in Gaul (Suet. loc. cit.). At the battle of Pharsalus Caesar vowed a temple to Venus Genetrix, the mythical ancestress of the Julian gens, and proceeded to build it in the centre of his forum (App. BC ii. 68-69, 102; iii. 28; Cass. Dio xliii. 22. 2), which thus became in effect a porticus surrounding the temple, a type followed in
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PUTEAL LIBONIS PUTEAL SCRIBONIANUM (search)
a certain Scribonius Libo, to whom the senate had entrusted the business of looking up such spots and enclosing them in this way (Fest. 333). It was a resort of moneylenders (Pers. 4. 49, and Schol.; Cic. pro Sest. 18; Ov. Rem. 561), and near the tribunal of the praetor (Hor. Ep. i. 19. 8, and Porphyr.; Sat. ii. 6. 35), the arch of Fabius (Pers. Schol. loc. cit.) and the porticus Iulia (supra, 73). It is shown on coins (Babelon, Monnaies, Aemilia 1 ; Scribonia 8), Babelon dates them about 54 B.C.. while Grueber (BM. Rep. i. 419, 3377-3385) puts them about 71 B.C., following De Salis. For a restoration of the latter by Trajan, see Babelon, ii. p. 584, No. 47, and perhaps the round base from Veii in the Lateran Museum is an imitation of it (Benndorf und Schoene, Die antike Bildwerke d. Lateran. Museums, No. 440; HF 1210; CIL xi. 3799). Six blocks of travertine lying near the arch of Augustus, which seem to belong to a circular kerb, have been identified with this puteal, but without
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TELLUS, AEDES (search)
to the city or senate in two sources (Val. Max. vi. 3. ; Dionys. viii. 79). It was on the Esquiline, in Carinis (Suet. de gramm. 15; Dionys. loc. cit.; Serv. Aen. viii. 361), on the site formerly occupied by the house of SP. CASSIUS (q.v.), which was said to have been pulled down in 495 B.C. (Cic. de domo II ; Liv. ii. 41. II; Val. Max. loc. cit.; cf. Plin. NH. xxxiv. 15, 30), near the house of Antonius (App. B.C. ii. 126) and that of Q. CICERO (q.v.). The latter restored the temple about 54 B.C. (Cic. ad Q. fr. iii. I. 4; de har. resp. 31), and apparently gained possession of some of the land hitherto belonging to the temple. The day of dedication was 13th December (Fast. Ant. ad Id. Dec., CIL is. p. 249, 336), when Ceres was associated with Tellus as on other occasions (WR 192-195). The fact that the worship of Tellus was very ancient makes it probable that there was a much earlier cult centre on the site afterwards occupied by the temple. The temple was sometimes used for meeting
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TIBERIS (search)
and Renaissance periods). Julius Caesar had a scheme for cutting a new channel a Ponte Mulvio secundum montes Vaticanos; see CAMPUS VATICANUS (Cic. ad Att. xiii. 33. 4; HJ 493-494). The cura Tiberis under the republic was in the hands of the censors. Protecting walls were built at least as early as the second century B.C. (see CLOACA MAXIMA, and cf. BC 1889, 165-172; Mitt. 1889, 285), and we have nineteen of the terminal stones erected by P. Servilius Isauricus and M. Valerius Messalla in 54 B.C. (CIL vi. 31540 a.p, gives fifteen; and four more have since come to light (BC 1897, 62, 275; 1906, 117; NS 1896, 524; 1897, 10, 252; 1906, 207). All of them are given in CIL i². 766, a-t). They extend from the Pons Mulvius, at the second mile of the via Flaminia, downstream as far as the Almo on the left bank, while one was seen in the seventeenth century near S. Passera (opposite S. Paolo) on the right bank. On the other hand, it was the praetor urbanus who, a little earlier (the inscript
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
e of Aesculapius frescoed and rebuilt soon after, 2. Pons Fabricius built, 400. 62-27Pons Cestius, 282, 399. 61(after). Arch of Pompey for victory over Mithradates, 43. 60(ca.). Platform of Temple of Aesculapius on Tiber island decorated, 282. (ca.). Horti Luculliani, 268. 58Shrine of Diana destroyed, 150. 56Fornix Fabianus restored, 211. 55Theatre of Pompey, 515. Porticus of Pompey, 428. Basilica Aemilia restored, 72. Pompey: Temple of Hercules Pompeianus, 255; of Minerva, 343. 54Basilica Julia begun, 78. Cicero restores Temple of Tellus, 5 x. Terminal stones of Tiber banks, 537. Land acquired for Forum Julium, 225. 52Pompey decorates Temple of Venus Victrix in Theatre, 516, 555. Curia burnt and restored, 143. Comitium paved, 136. Basilica Porcia burnt, 82. 51Forum Julium begun, 227. 50-44Rule of Julius Caesar: he extends Pomerium, 393: paves Forum, 233: and Comitium, 136: Rostra, 452: Lacus Curtius, 311: Equus Caesaris
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