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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 74 74 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (ed. L. C. Purser) 10 10 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 8 8 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 6 6 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 6 6 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 5 5 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to and from Quintus (ed. L. C. Purser) 3 3 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 3 3 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 56 BC or search for 56 BC in all documents.

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Ammo'nius or HAMMONIUS, an ambassador of PTOLEMAEUS Auletes, who was sent to Rome B. C. 56 to seek assistance against the Alexandrians, who had opposed the king. (Cic. Fam. 1.1.) He is perhaps the same person as the Ammonius who is spoken of as one of the agents of Cleopatra in B. C. 44. (Ad Att. 15.15.)
Q. Ancha'rius 2. Tribune of the plebs in the consulship of Caesar and Bibulus, B. C. 59. He took an active part in opposing the agrarian law of Caesar, and in consequence of his services to the aristocratical party obtained the praetorship in B. C. 56. He succeeded L. Piso in the province of Macedonia in the following year. (Cic. pro Sest. 53, in Pison. 36; Schol. Bob. pro Sest. p. 304, in Vatin. p. 317, ed. Orelli.) One of Cicero's letters is written to him (ad Fam. 13.40).
Archela'us 2. A son of the preceding. (Strab. xvii. p.796; D. C. 39.57.) In the year B. C. 63, Pompey raised him to the dignity of priest of the goddess (Enyo or Bellona) at Comana, which was, according to Strabo, in Pontus, and according to Hirtius (de Bell. Alex. 66), in Cappadocia. The dignity of priest of the goddess at Comana conferred upon the person who held it the power of a king over the place and its immediate vicinity. (Appian, de Bell. Mithr. 114; Strab. l.c., xii. p. 558.) In B. C. 56, when A. Gabinius, the proconsul of Syria, was making preparations for a war against the Parthians, Archelaus went to Syria and offered to take part in the war; but this plan was soon abandoned, as other prospects opened before him. Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy Auletes, who after the expulsion of her father had become queen of Egypt, wished to marry a prince of royal blood, and Archelaus, pretending to be a son of Mithridates Eupator, sued for her hand, and succeeded. (Strab. ll. cc.; D
ctavius, and became by him the mother of Augustus Caesar. (Suet. Oct. 4; Vell. 2.59.) She pretended that Augustus was the son of Apollo, who had intercourse with her in the form of a dragon, while she was sleeping on one occasion in the temple of the god. (D. C. 45.1; Suet. Oct. 94.) She carefully attended to the education of her son, and is on this account classed by the author of the Dialogue on Orators (100.29) along with Cornelia, the mother of the Gracchi, and Aurelia, the mother of C. Julius Caesar. Her husband died in B. C. 59, when her son was only four years of age, and she afterwards married L. Marcius Philippus, who was consul in B. C. 56. On the death of Julius Caesar, she and her husband tried to dissuade her son from accepting the inheritance which his great-uncle had left him. (Plut. Cic. 44; Suet. Oct. 8; Vell. 2.60 ; Appian, App. BC 3.10.) She died in the first consulship of her son, B. C. 43, and was honoured with a public funeral. (Suet. Oct. 61; Dion. Cass. 47.17.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Herodes Atticus or Atticus Herodes (search)
he had assisted with loans of money, and benefited in various ways. During his residence at Athens, he purchased an estate at Buthrotum in Epeirus, in which place, as well as at Athens and afterwards at Rome, he spent the greater part of his time, engaged in literary pursuits and commercial undertakings. He died in B. C. 32, at the age of 77, of voluntary starvation, when he found that he was attacked by an incurable illness. His wife Pilia, to whom he was married on the 12th of February, B. C. 56, when he was fifty-three years of age, bore him only one child, a daughter, Pomponia or Caecilia, whom Cicero sometimes calls Attica and Atticula. (Ad Att. 6.5, 12.1, 13.5, &c.) Through the influence of Antony, Pomponia was married in the life-time of her father, probably in B. C. 36, to M. Vipsanius Agrippa, the minister of Augustus; and the issue of this marriage, Vipsania Agrippina, was married to Tiberius, afterwards emperor, by whom she became the mother of Drusus. The sister of Atticu
s we know that they had children (Sal. Cat. 25), and the praenoelen is the same. This D. Brutus was adopted by A. Postumius Albinus, who was consul B. C. 99 [ALBINUS, No. 22], whence he is called Brutus Albinus; and this adoption is commemorated on a coin of D. Brutus figured on p. 93. (Plut. Caes. 64, &c., Ant. 11; D. C. 44.14.) We first read of him as serving under Caesar in Gaul when he was still a young man. Caesar gave him the command of the fleet which was sent to attack the Veneti in B. C. 56. (Caes. Gal. 3.11; D. C. 39.40-42.) He seems to have continued in Gaul till almost the close of the war, but his name does not occur frequently, as he did not hold the rank of legatus. He served against Vercingetorix in 52 (Caes. Gal. 7.9), and appears to have returned to Rome in 50, when he married Paulla Valeria. (Cael. ad Fam. 8.7.) On the breaking out of the civil war in the following year (49), he was recalled to active service, and was placed by Caesar over the fleet which was to besi
distinction which had never yet been granted to any one : the thanksgiving in Pompey's honour, after the Mithridatic war, had lasted for ten days, and that was the longest that had hitherto been decreed. At the beginning of the following year, B. C. 56, which was Caesar's third campaign in Gaul, he was detained some months in Italy by the state of affairs at Rome. There had been a misunderstanding between Pompey and Crassus; and L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, who had become a candidate for the consu 200 senators waited upon him, and so many also that were invested with public offices, that 120 lictors were seen in the streets of the town. After settling the affairs of Italy, Caesar proceeded to his army at the latter end of the spring of B. C. 56. During his absence, a powerful confederacy had been formed against him by the maritime states in the north-west of Gaul. Many of these had submitted to P. Crassus in the preceding year, alarmed at Caesar's victories over the Belgians ; but, fol
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger (search)
enrich themselves by cheap bargains. After restoring the Byzantine exiles, and successfully accomplishing a commission which, however abstractedly unjust, he considered himself bound to undertake by his duty to the state, he returned to Rome in B. C. 56, displaying to the eyes of the people the public wealth thus acquired. This very treasure afterwards came to the hands of Caesar, and contributed to the destruction of republican liberty. The pecuniary accounts of the sale by some accident were rendered void his legation to Cyprus. This affair produced a marked coldness between Cicero and Cato. After his divorce from Atilia, Cato had married Marcia, the daughter of Philippus, and had three children by his second wife. About the year B. C. 56 happened that strange transaction by which he ceded Marcia to his friend Q. Hortensius, with the consent of her father. At the death of Hortensius in the year 50, he took her back again. Heineccius (Antiq. Rom. lib. i. append. 100.47) infers, fr
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cato, Po'rcius 16. C. Porcius Cato, of uncertain pedigree, perhaps descended from No. 5. He appears in the early part of his life as an opponent of Pompey. In B. C. 59, he wanted to accuse A. Gabinius of ambitus, but the praetors gave him no opportunity of preferring the accusation against Pompey's favourite. This so vexed him, that he called Pompey prixatum dictatorem, and his boldness nearly cost him his life. (Cic. ad Qu. Fr. 1.2.9.) In B. C. 56, he was tribune of the plebs, and prevented the Romans from assisting Ptolemy Auletes with troops, by getting certain priests to read to the people some Sibylline verses which threatened Rome with danger if such aid were given to a king of Egypt. (D. C. 39.15.) He took the side of Clodius, and Milo in revenge raised a laugh against him in the following manner :--Cato used to go about attended by a gang of gladiators, whom he was too poor to support. Milo, learning this, employed a stranger to buy them of him, and then got Racilius the tribu
lating to Cicero and his times, down to the end of B. C. 56, is contained in the fifth volume of Drumann's " Gnded in B. C. 59. [THERMUS.] Pro Ascitio. Before B. C. 56. (Pro Cael. 10.) [RUFUS.] Pro M. Cispio. After B29th Sept., B. C. 57.] [De Haruspicum Responsis, B. C. 56.] Pro L. Calpurnio Pisone Bestia, 11th Feb., B. B. C. 56. (Ad Q. Fr. 2.13.6.) Pro P. Sextio. Early in March, B. C. 56. [Sextius.] In Vatinium Interrogatio. SB. C. 56. [Sextius.] In Vatinium Interrogatio. Same date. [VATINIUS.] Pro M. Caelio Rufo. [RUFUS.] Pro L. Cornelio Balbo, B. C. 56. [BALBUS.] De ProvincB. C. 56. [BALBUS.] De Provinciis Consularibus, B. C. 56. [A. GABINIUS.] ** De Rege Alexandrino, B. C. 56. [A. GABINIUS ; PTOLEMAEUS XI.] B. C. 56. [A. GABINIUS.] ** De Rege Alexandrino, B. C. 56. [A. GABINIUS ; PTOLEMAEUS XI.] In L. Pisonem, B. C. 55. [PISO.] ** In A. Gabinium. (Quint. Inst. 11.1.73.) Pro Cn. Plancio, B. C. 55. [B. C. 56. [A. GABINIUS ; PTOLEMAEUS XI.] In L. Pisonem, B. C. 55. [PISO.] ** In A. Gabinium. (Quint. Inst. 11.1.73.) Pro Cn. Plancio, B. C. 55. [PLANCIUS.] Pro Caninio Gallo, B. C. 55. [GALLUS, CANINIUS.] Pro C. Rabirio Postumo, B. C. 54. [POSTUMUS, Cmencement of a letter to Atticus (4.5; 10th April, B. C. 56), that Cicero had written a book or pamphlet in pr
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