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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 44 44 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 8 8 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 7 7 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 5 5 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 5 5 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 60 BC or search for 60 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Afra'nia, Caia or GAIA. the wife of the senator Licinius Buccio, a very litigious woman, who always pleaded her own causes before the praetor, and thus gave occasion to the publishing of the edict, which forbade all women to postulate. She was perhaps the sister of L. Afranius, consul in B. C. 60. She died B. C. 48. (V. Max. 8.3.1; Dig. 3. tit. 1. s. 1.5.)
n B. C. 77 he was one of Pompey's legates in the war against Sertorius in Spain, and also served Pompey in the same capacity in the Mithridatic war. (Plut. Sert. 19, Pomp. 34, 36, 39; D. C. 37.5.) On Pompey's return to Rome, he was anxious to obtain the consulship for Afranius, that he might the more easily carry his own plans into effect; and, notwithstanding the opposition of a powerful party, lie obtained the election of Afranius by influence and bribery. During his consulship, however, (B. C. 60), Afranius did not do much for Pompey (D. C. 37.49), but probably more from want of experience in political affairs than from any want of inclination. In B. C. 59 Afranius had the province of Cisalpine Gaul (comp. Cic. Att. 1.19), and it may have been owing to some advantages he had gained over the Gauls, that he obtained the triumph, of which Cicero speaks in his oration against Piso. (c. 24.) When Pompey obtained the provinces of the two Spains in his second consulship (B. C. 55), he se
A. Allie'nus 1. A friend of Cicero's, who is spoken of by him in high terms. He was the legate of Q. Cicero in Asia, B. C. 60 (Cic. ad Qu. Fr. 1.1.3), and praetor in B. C. 49. (Ad Att. 10.15.) In the following year, he had the province of Sicily, and sent to Caesar, who was then in Africa, a large body of troops. He continued in Sicily till B. C. 47, and received the title of proconsul. Two of Cicero's letters are addressed to him. (Hirt. Bell. Afr. 2, 34; Cic. Fam. 13.78, 79.) His name occurs on a coin, which has on one side C. CAES. IMP. COS. ITER., and on the other A. ALLIENVS PROCOS.
Balbus was too prudent to confine himself to only one patron; he early paid court to Caesar, and seems to have entirely ingratiated himself into his favour during Pompey's absence in Asia in prosecution of the Mithridatic war. From this time, he became one of Caesar's most intimate friends, and accompanied him to Spain in B. C. 61, in the capacity of praefectus fabrum, when Caesar went into that province after his praetorship. Soon after his return to Rome, the first triumvirate was formed, B. C. 60; and though he was ostensibly the friend both of Pompey and Caesar, he seems to have attached himself more closely to the interests of the latter than of the former. On Caesar's departure to Gaul in B. C. 58, Balbus again received the appointment of praefectus fabrum, and from this time to the breaking out of the civil war, he passed his time alternately in Gaul and at Rome, but principally at the latter. He was the manager and steward of Caesar's private property in the city, and a great p
nate honoured him by a public thanksgiving. His civil reputation procured him equal renown, and he left the province with great reputation, after enriching both himself and his army. Caesar returned to Rome in the summer of the following year, B. C. 60, a little before the consular elections, without waiting for his successor. He laid claim to a triumph, and at the same time wished to become a candidate for the consulship. For the latter purpose, his presence in the city was necessary; but as e, but which the senate had hitherto prevented from being carried. We have seen that the agrarian law of Rullus, introduced in B. C. 63, was dropped by its proposer; and the agrarian law of Flavius, which had been proposed in the preceding year (B. C. 60), had been successfully opposed by the aristocracy, although it was supported by the whole power of Pompey. The provisions of Caesar's agrarian law are not explicitly stated by the ancient writers, but its main object was to divide the rich Camp
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger (search)
of Cato generally appeared ill-timed, and was deemed better suited to the imaginary republic of Plato than to the actual condition of the Roman people. In the year of his tribunat he opposed the proposition of Metellus Nepos to recall Pompey from Asia, and to give him the command of the legions against Catiline. Cato exerted himself in the midst of a riot to prevent the voting of the proposition, and exposed himself to considerable personal danger without much prudence or much dignity. In B. C. 60), he opposed the rogation of the tribune L. Flavius to reward Pompey's veterans with allotments of land. Caesar, when he was returning from Spain, sought the honour of a triumph, and desired in the meantime to be allowed, though absent, to be a candidate for the consulship. In order to prevent a resolution to this effect from being carried on the day when it was proposed, Cato spoke against time until sunset; but Caesar renounced his triumph and gained the consulship. By a course of conduct
Capitol, which had been destroyed by fire during the civil war (83), an appointment held by him ever since the death of Sulla. But the optimates who were escorting the new consuls, upon hearing of the attempt, rushed in a body to the forum and by their united efforts threw out the bill. Thus the name of Catulus became connected with the Capitol and remained inscribed on the temple until it was again consumed in the reign of Vitellius. Catulus died during the consulship of Metellus Celer, B. C. 60, happy, says Cicero, both in the splendour of his life and in having been spared the spectacle of his country's ruin. He was not considered an orator, but at the same time possessed the power of expressing his opinions with learning, grace, and wisdom. (Orelli, Onom. Tull. ii. p. 367, &c.; Sall. Catil. 35, 49, Frag. Histor. i. iii.; Tac. Hist. 3.72; Sueton. Jul. 15, Galb. 2 ; V. Max. 6.9.5; Plut. Crass. 13, Cat. Min. 16; Senec. Epis/t. 97; D. C. 36.13, calls him princeps senatus, ta\ te prw
amily by means of a special law. This, after protracted opposition, was at length accomplished (B. C. 60), although irregularly, through the interference of Caesar and Pompey, and he was elected tribuhe imaginary conversation must have been supposed to have been held at some period earlier than B. C. 60, the year in which Catulus died. A considerable number of unimportant fragments have been prese] [Pro A. Licinio Archia. Generally assigned to B. C. 61. [ARCHIAS.] ] Pro Scipione Nasica, B. C. 60. (Ad Att. 2.1.) Pro L. Valerio Flacco, B. C. 59. [L. FLACCUS.] Pro A. Minucio Thermo. Twiceistory of his own consulship, first in Greek prose, which he finished before the month of June, B. C. 60 (ad Att. 2.1), and soon afterwards a Latin poem on the same subject, divided, it would seem, inwas a commentary on his own consulship, written in Greek and finished before the month of June, B. C. 60, not one word of which has been saved. (Ad Att. 2.1; Plut. Caes. 8; D. C. 46.21; comp. ad Fam.
L. Culle'olus proconsul, perhaps of Illyricum, about B. C. 60, to whom two of Cicero's letters are addressed (ad Fam. 13.41, 42), was probably one of the Terentii.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Interamna, whose territory was suffering on account of that canal, while the territory of Reate was benefited by it. Zumpt naturally asks "how did it happen that Interamna did not bring forward its complaints till two centuries and a half after the construction of the canal ?" and from the apparent impossibilty of finding a proper answer, he ventures upon the supposition, that the canal from lake Velinus was a private undertaking of the age of Cicero, and that M'. Curius who was quaestor in B. C. 60, was the author of the undertaking. But our ignorance of any quarrels between Interamna and Reate before the time of Cicero, does not prove that there were no such quarrels previously, though a long period might elapse before, perhaps owing to some unfavourable season, the grievance was felt by Interamna. Thus we find that throughout the middle ages and even down to the middle of last century, the inhabitants of Reate (Rieti) and Interamna (Terni) had from time to time very serious dispute
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