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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 66 BC or search for 66 BC in all documents.

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Consi'dius 4. Q. Considius, a senator and one of the Judices, is praised by Cicero for his integrity and uprightness as a judge both in B. C. 70 (in Verr. 1.7) and in B. C. 66. (Pro Cluent. 38.) Considius is spoken of as quite an old man in Caesar's consulship, B. C. 59, and it is related of him, that when very few senators came to the house, on one occasion, he told Caesar, that the reason of their absence was their fear of his arms and soldiers ; and that when Caesar thereupon asked him why he also did not stop at home, he replied, that old age had deprived him of all fear. (Plut. Caes. 14 ; Cic. Att. 2.24.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Corni'ficia Gens plebeian, seems to have come originally from Rhegium. (Cic. Fam. 12.25.) No persons of this name occur till the last century of the republic; and the first who obtained any of the higher honours of the state was Q. Cornificius, praetor, B. C. 66. On coins the name is written Cornuficius, which is also the form used by Dio Cassius (48.21).
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
C. Verres, at that time city praetor, for the express purpose of convicting Oppianicus, of voting out of his proper decuria, of giving sentence without hearing the evidence, of omitting to apply for an adjournment of the proceedings, and of receiving 40,000 sesterces as a bribe from the prosecutor, A. Cluentius. He was, however, acquitted, since his trial did not take place until after the excitement that followed the Judicium Albianum had in some measure subsided. But eight years later, B. C. 66, Falcula was again brought to public notice by Cicero, in his defence of Cluentius. After recapitulating the circumstances of the Judicium Albianum, Cicero asks, if Falcula were innocent, who in the concilium at Oppianicus's trial could be guilty ? an equivocal plea that inferred without asserting the guilt of Falcula, in B. C. 74. In his defence of A. Caecina, in B. C. 69, Cicero ushers in the name of Falcula, a witness against the accused, with ironical pomp, and proceeds to point out gro
Flami'nius 3. C. Flaminius, was praetor in B. C. 66, the year in which Cicero was invested with the same office. Some years before C. Flaminius had been curule aedile, and Cicero had defended D. Matrinius before the tribunal of C. Flaminius. (Cic. Clu. 45, 53.)
ed hair was fragrant with unguents, and his checks were coloured with rouge. He was a proficient in the dance, and his house resounded with music and song. If we may trust the angry invective of Cicero (pro Sext. 8, 9, post Red. in Sen. 4-8, in Pison. 11, pro Domo. 24, 48), he kept the most vicious company, and led the most impure and profligate life. having dissipated his fortune by such a course of conduct, he looked to official station as the means of repairing his shattered finances. In B. C. 66 he was made tribune of the plebs, and moved that the command of the war against the pirates should be given to Pompey. The proposed law did not name Pompey, but it plainly pointed to him, and was calculated to make him almost an absolute monarch. Among other provisions, it directed that the people should elect a commander whose imperium should extend over the whole of the Mediterranean, and to a distance of fifty miles inland from its coasts,--who should take such sums of money as he might
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
e'lius (Eutropius, 7.10, erroneously calls him Cneius), a contemporary of Augustus, who distinguished himself as a general, and still more as a poet and an orator. He was a native of Forum Julii (Frejus), in Gaul, and of very humble origin, perhaps the son of some freedman either of Sulla or Cinna. Hieronymus, in Eusebius, states that Gallus died at the age of forty (others read forty-three); and as we know from Dio Cassius (53.23) that he died in B. C. 26, he must have been born either in B. C. 66 or 69. He appears to have gone to Italy at an early age, and it would seem that he was instructed by the Epicurean Syron, together with Varus and Virgil, both of whom became greatly attached to him. (Verg. Ecl. 6.64, &c.) he began his career as a poet about the age of twenty, and seems thereby to have attracted the attention and won the friendship of such men as Asinius Pollio. (Cic. Fam. 10.32.) When Octavianus, after the murder of Caesar, came to Italy from Apollonia, Gallus must have em
con. and Cic. in Pison. p. 16; in Cornel. p. 67, Orelli ; see COTTA, No. 11). After his consulship, Hortensius took a leading part in supporting the optimates against the rising power of Pompey. He opposed the Gabinian law, which invested that great commander with absolute power on the Mediterranean, in order to put down the pirates of Cilicia (B. C. 67); and the Manilian, by which the conduct of the war against Mithridates was transferred from Lucullus (of the Sullane party) to Pompeius (B. C. 66). In favour of the latter, Cicero made his first political speech. In the memorable year B. C. 63 Cicero was unanimously elected consul. He had already become estranged from the popular party, with whom he had hitherto acted. The intrigues of Caesar and Crassus, who supported his opponents C. Antonius and the notorious Catiline, touched him personally; and he found it his duty as consul to oppose the turbulent measures of the popular leaders, such as the agrarian law of Rullus. Above all,
Le'pidus 15. M'. Aemilius Mam. F. M. N. LEPIDUS, probably likewise a son of No. 8, was consul, B. C. 66, with L. Volcatius Tullus, the same year in which Cicero was praetor. He is mentioned several times by Cicero, but never attained much political importance. In B. C. 65, he is spoken of as one of the witnesses against C. Cornelius, whom Cicero defended. He belonged to the aristocratical party, but on the breaking out of the civil war in B. C. 49, he retired to his Formian villa to watch the progress of events. Here he was in almost daily intercourse with Cicero, from whose letters we learn that Lepidus was resolved not to cross the sea with Pompey, but to yield to Caesar if the latter was likely to be victorious. He eventually returned to Rome in March. (Sal. Cat. 18; Cic. in Cat. 1.6, pro Sull. 4; D. C. 36.25; Ascon. in Cornel. p. 66, ed. Orelli; Cic. Att. 7.12, 23, 8.1, 6, 9, 15, 9.1.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Longi'nus, Ca'ssius 10. C. Cassius Longinus Varus, of uncertain descent, was consul B. C. 73, with M. Terentius Varro Lucullus. In order to quiet the people, the consuls of this year brought forward a law (lex Terentia Cassia) by which corn was to be purchased and then sold in Rome at a small price. (Cic. Ver. 1.23, 3.41.) In the following year Longinus commanded as proconsul in Cisalpine Gaul, and was defeated by Spartacus near Mutina, but was not killed in the battle, as Orosius states. (Liv. Epit. 96; Flor. 3.20; Plut. Crass. 9; Oros. 5.24.) In B. C. 66 he supported the Manilian law for giving the command of the Mithridatic war to Pompey. (Cic. pro Leg. Man. 23.) He must have lived to a very advanced age: the consular Varus, who was proscribed and killed at Millturnae in B. C. 43, can have been no other than the subject of this article, as we find no other consul with this surname from B. C. 73. (Appian, App. BC 4.28.)
proclamations to his soldiers, announcing to them that their general was superseded, and releasing them from their obedience. Mithridates meanwhile ably availed himself of this position of affairs, and Lucullus had the mortification of seeing Pontus and Cappadocia occupied by the enemy before his eyes, and the results of all his previous campaigns apparently annihilated, without being able to stir a step in their defence. But it was still more galling to his feelings when, in the spring of B. C. 66, he was called upon to resign the command to his old rival Pompey, who had been appointed by the Manilian law to supersede both him and Glabrio. (Plut. Luc. 33-35; Appian, App. Mith. 88-91; D. C. 35.8-10, 12-17; Cic. p. Leg. Manil. 2, 5, 9, Ep. ad Att. 13.6; Eutrop. 6.11.) The friends of the two generals succeeded in bringing about an interview between them before Lucullus quitted his government; but though the meeting was at first friendly, it ended in bickerings and disputes, which only a
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