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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 25 25 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 68 BC or search for 68 BC in all documents.

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A'ntias 2. Q. Valerius Antias, the Roman historian, was either a descendant of the preceding, or derived the surname of Antias from his being a native of Antium, as Pliny states. (H. N. Praef.) He was a contemporary of Quadrigarius, Sisenna, and Rutilius (Vell. 2.9), and lived in the former half of the first century before Christ. Krause, without mentioning his authority, states that Antias was praetor in A. U. C. 676. (B. C. 68.) He wrote the history of Rome from the earliest period, relating the stories of Amulius, Rhea Silvia and the like, down to the time of Sulla. The latter period must have been treated at much greater length than the earlier, since he spoke of the quaestorship of Ti. Gracchus (B. C. 137) as early as in the twelfth book (or according to some readings in the twenty-second), and the work extended to seventy-five books at least. (Gel. 7.9.) Valerius Antias is frequently referred to by Livy, who speaks of him as the most lying of all the annalists, and seldom ment
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Herodes Atticus or Atticus Herodes (search)
his flight, Sulla was so much pleased with him on his visit to Athens in B. C. 84, after the Mithridatic war, that he wished to take him with him to Rome; and on Atticus desiring to remain in Athens, Sulla presented him with all the presents he had received during his stay in that city. Atticus enjoyed also the friendship of Caesar and Pompey, Brutus and Cassius, Antony and Octavianus. But the most intimate of all his friends was Cicero, whose correspondence with him, beginning in the year B. C. 68 and continned down to Cicero's death, supplies us with various particulars respecting the life of Atticus, the most important of which are given in the article CICERO. Atticus did not return to Rome till B. C. 65, when political affairs had become more settled; and the day of his departure was one of general mourning among the Athenians, whom he had assisted with loans of money, and benefited in various ways. During his residence at Athens, he purchased an estate at Buthrotum in Epeirus, in
Belli'nus a Roman praetor, who was taken prisoner by the pirates, about B. C. 68 (Plut. Pomp. 24; comp. Appian, App. Mith. 93), may perhaps be a false reading for Bellienus.
e, was carried, by which the judicia were taken away from the senate, who had possessed them exclusively for ten years, and were shared between the senate, equites, and tribuni aerarii. These measures were also strongly supported by Caesar, who thus came into close connexion with Pompey. He also spoke in favour of the Plotia lex for recalling from exile those who had joined M. Lepidus in B. C. 78, and had fled to Sertorius after the death of the latter. Caesar obtained the quaestorship in B. C. 68. In this year he lost his aunt Julia, the widow of Marius, and his own wife Cornelia, the daughter of Cinna. He pronounced orations over both of them in the forum, in which he took the opportunity of passing a panegyric upon the former leaders of the popular party. The funeral of his aunt produced a great sensation at Rome, as he caused the images of Marius, who had been declared an enemy of the state, to be carried in the procession : they were welcomed with loud acclamations by the people
Calli'machus 2. One of the generals of Mithridates, who, by his skill in engineering, defended the town of Amisus, in Pontus, for a considerable time against the Romans, in B. C. 71; and when Lucullus had succeeded in taking a portion of the wall, Callimachus set fire to the place and made his escape by sea. He afterwards fell into the hands of Lucullus at the capture of Nisibis (called by the Greeks Antioch) in Mygdonia, B. C. 68, and was put to death in revenge for the burning of Amisus. (Plut. Luc. 19, 32; comp. Appian, Bell. Mithr. 78, 83; D. C. 35.7.) [E.E]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ng debauchery; although he had incurred the suspicion of an intrigue with the Vestal Fabia, sister of Terentia; and although it was said and believed that he had made away with his first wife and afterwards with his son, in order that he might wed the fair and rich but worthless Aurelia Orestilla, who objected to the presence of a grown-up step-child, yet this complicated infamy appears to have forced no bar to his regular political advancement,--for he attained to the dignity of praetor in B. C. 68, was governor of Africa during the following year, and returned to Rome in 66, in order to press his suit for the consulship. The election for 65 was carried by P. Autronius Paetus and P. Cornelius Sulla, both of whom were soon after convicted of bribery, and their places supplied by their competitors and accusers, L. Aurelius Cotta and L. Manlius Torquatus, Catiline, who was desirous of becoming a candidate, having been disqualified in consequence of an impeachment for oppression in his pr
Ci'cero 4. L. Tullius Cicero, son of the foregoing. He was the constant companion and schoolfellow of the orator, travelled with him to Athens in B. C. 79, and subsequently acted as his assistant in collecting evidence against Verres. On this occasion the Syracusans paid him the compliment of voting him a public guest (hospes) of their city, and transmitted to him a copy of the decree to this effect engraved on a tablet of brass. Lucius died in B. C. 68, much regretted by his cousin, who was deeply attached to him. (De Fin. 5.1, c. Verr. 4.11, 61, 64, 65. ad Att. 1.5.)
in his province, containing full particulars of all the political and social gossip of the metropolis. 2. Epistolarum ad T. Pomponium Atticum Libri XVI. A series of 396 epistles addressed to Atticus, of which eleven were written in the years B. C. 68, 67, 65, and 62, the remainder after the end of B. C. 62, and the last in Nov. B. C. 44. (Ad Att. 16.15.) They are for the most part in chronological order, although dislocations occur here and there. Occasionally, copies of letters received fro62, the remainder after the end of B. C. 62, and the last in Nov. B. C. 44. (Ad Att. 16.15.) They are for the most part in chronological order, although dislocations occur here and there. Occasionally, copies of letters received from or sent to others--from Caesar, Antony, Balbus, Hirtius, Oppius, to Dolabella, Plancus, &c;., are included; and to the 16th of the last book no less than six are subjoined, to Plancus, Capito, and Cupiennius. 3. Epistolarum ad Q. Fratrem Libri III. A series of 29 epistles addressed to his brother, the first written in B. C. 59, while Quintus was still propraetor of Asia, containing an admirable summary of the duties and obligations of a provincial governor; the last towards the end of B. C.
rdened with the duty of the exempted. Cicero denies the charge of fraud, but of the complaints respecting the wine-tax and the roads, he says that they were grave, if true; and that they were true, and that Fonteius was really guilty, are probable from the vague declamation in which his advocate indulges throughout his defence. Whether Fonteius were acquitted is not known; but, as he would have been fined or exiled if pronounced guilty, and as we read of his purchasing, after his trial, a sumptuous house--the domus Rabiriana (Cic. Att. 1.6.), at Naples, B. C. 68, it is more probable that the sentence of the judices was favorable. (Cic. pro Font.; Julius Victor, in Font. Fragm.; Drumann, Gesch. Rom vol. v. pp. 329-334, by whom an analysis of Cicero's speech is given. The fragments we possess belong to the second speech for the defence. Each party spoke twice, land Cicero each time in reply. (Cic. Font. 13.) Quintilian (6.3 ยง 51) cites pro Font. 3.7, as an example of enigmatic allusion.
Ju'lia 1. A daughter of C. Julius Caesar [CAESAR, No. 14] and Marcia, and aunt of Caesar the dictator. She married C. Marius the elder, by whom she had one son, C. Marius, slain at Praeneste in B. C. 82. Julia died B. C. 68, and her nephew, C. Julius Caesar, pronounced her funeral oration, in which he traced her descent through the Marcii to Ancus, the fourth king of Rome, and through the Julii to Anchises and Venus. At the funeral of Julia were exhibited, for the first time since Sulla's dictatorship in B. C. 81, the statues and inscriptive titles of the elder Marius. (Plut. Mar. 6, Caes. 1, 5; Suet. Jul. 6.)
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