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Clu'vius 7. M. Cluvius Rufus, consul suffectus in A. D. 45. (J. AJ 2.1; Suet. Nero 21; D. C. 63.14.) He was governor of Hispania in the time of Galba, B. C. 69. (Tac. list. 1.8.) On the death of Galba he first swore allegiance to Otho, but soon afterwards he appears as a partisan of Vitellius. Hilarius, a freedman of Vitellius, having accused him of aspiring to the independent government of Spain, Cluvius went to Vitellius, who was then in Gallia, and succeeded in clearing himself. He remained in the suite of the emperor, though he still retained the government of his province. (Tac. Hist. 2.65.) Tacitus speaks of him (Hist. 4.43) as distinguished alike for his wealth and for his eloquence, and says, that no one in the time of Nero had been endangered by him. In the games in which Nero made his appearance, Cluvius acted as herald. (Suet. Nero 21; D. C. 63.14.) It is probably this same Cluvius whom we find mentioned as an historian. He wrote an account of the times of Nero, Galba, Otho
Corni'ficius 2. Q. Cornificius, was one of the judices on the trial of Verres, and tribune of the plebs in the following year, B. C. 69. He probably obtained the praetorship in 66, and was one of Cicero's competitors for the consulship in 64. His failure, however, did not make him an enemy of the great orator; he seems to have assisted him in the suppression of the Catilinarian conspiracy, and it was to his care that Cethegus was committed upon the arrest of the conspirators. Subsequently in B. C. 62, Cornificius was the first to bring before the senate the sacrilege of Clodius in violating the mysteries of the Bona Dea. He probably died soon afterwards, as we hear nothing further of him. He is called by Asconius "vir sobrius ac sanctus." (Cic. in Verr. Act. 1.10; Ascon. in Tog. Cand. p. 82; Cic. Att. 1.1; Sal. Cat. 47; Appian, App. BC 2.5; Cic. Att. 1.13.)
Crepereius the name of a Roman equestrian family, which was distinguished for the strict discipline of its members, but of which otherwise only very little is known. Among the judges in the case of Verres, one M. Crepereius is mentioned by Cicero (in Verr. 1.10), and it is added, that as he was tribunus militaris designatus, he would not be able to take a part in the proceedings after the 1st of January of B. C. 69. There are several coins on which we read the name Q. Crepereius M. F. Rocus, and from the representations of Venus and Neptune which appear on those coins, it has been inferred, that this person had some connexion with Corinth, perhaps after its restoration by J. Caesar, since those divinities were the principal gods of Corinth. (Havercamp, in Morell. Thesaur. Numism. p. 145, &c.) In the reign of Nero we meet with one Crepereius Gallus, a friend of Agrippina, who perished in the ship by means of which Agrippina was to be destroyed. (Tac. Ann. 14.5.) [L.S]
Cre'ticus an agnomen of Q. Caecilius Metellus, consul, B. C. 69, and of several of the Metelli. [METELLUS.]
T. Crispi'nus was quaestor about B. C. 69, but is otherwise unknown. (Cic. pro Fontcio, loci Niebuhr. 1.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ace until after the excitement that followed the Judicium Albianum had in some measure subsided. But eight years later, B. C. 66, Falcula was again brought to public notice by Cicero, in his defence of Cluentius. After recapitulating the circumstances of the Judicium Albianum, Cicero asks, if Falcula were innocent, who in the concilium at Oppianicus's trial could be guilty ? an equivocal plea that inferred without asserting the guilt of Falcula, in B. C. 74. In his defence of A. Caecina, in B. C. 69, Cicero ushers in the name of Falcula, a witness against the accused, with ironical pomp, and proceeds to point out gross inconsistencies in Falcula's evidence. Great uncertainty is thrown over the history of Falcula by the circumstance that it suited Cicero, from whose speeches alone we know any thing of him, to represent at different times, in different lights, the Judicium Albianum. When Cicero was pleading against C. Verres, Oppianicus was unjustly condemned, and Falcula was an illegal
Fonteia one of the vestal virgins in B. C. 69, daughter of C. Fonteius [No. 4], and sister of M. Fonteius [No. 5], at whose trial she was produced by Cicero, to move the compassion of the judices in behalf of her brother. (Cic. Font. 17.) [W.B.D]
torship is uncertain, but he governed, as his praetorian province, Narbonnese Gaul, between B. C. 76-73, since he remained three years in his government, and in 75 sent provisions, military stores, and recruits to Metellus Pius and Cn. Pompey, who were then occupied with the Sertorian war in Spain. His exactions for this purpose formed one of the charges brought against him by the provincials. He returned to Rome in B. C. 73-2, but he was not prosecuted for extortion and misgovernment until B. C. 69. M. Plaetorius was the conductor, M. Fabius subscriptor of the prosecution. With few exceptions, the principal inhabitants of Narbonne appeared at Rome as witnesses against Fonteius, but the most distinguished among them was Induciomarus, a chief of the Allobroges. The trial was in many respects important; but our knowledge of the cause, as well as of the history of M. Fonteius himself, is limited to the partial and fragmentary speech of his advocate, Cicero. The prosecution was an experime
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
praenomen by Paulus, in Dig. 36. tit. 2. s. 24; and the jurist Publicius is cited, along with Africanus, by Ulpian (Dig. 38. tit. 17. s. 2. ยง. 8); and is also cited by Modestinus (Dig. 35. tit. 1. s. 51.1), and by Marcellus (Dig. 31. s. 50.2). There was a praetor Publicius, who introduced into the edict a celebrated clause (Dig. 6. tit. 2. s. 1. pr.), which gave origin to the Publiciana in rem actio. By this action a bona fide possessor was enabled, by the fiction of usucaption, to recover the lost possession of a thing, although he was not dominus ex jure Quirilium. (Inst. 4. tit. 6.45.) It is not unlikely that this Publicius was the jurist cited in the Digest; and there is some ground for identifying him with Q. Publicius, who was praetor peregrines in B. C. 69. (Cic. Clu. 45). (Bertrandus, de Jurisp. 2.16; Guil. Grotius, Vitae Jurisc. 1.11.15-18; Maiansius, ad xxx ICtorum Frag. Comment, vol. ii. p. 154-161 ; Zimmern, R. R. G. vol. 1.79; Hugo, R. R. G. ed. 1832, p. 535.) [J.T.G
Here'nnius 7. C. Herennius, was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 80, and opposed a rogatio of L. Sulla, the dictator, for recalling Cn. Pompey from Africa. (Sall. Hist. ii. apud Gell. 10.20; comp. Plut. Pomp. 13.) After the death of Sulla, this Herennius probably joined Sertorius in Spain, B. C. 76-72: since a legatus of that name was defeated and slain by Pompey near Valentia. (Plut. Pomp. 18; Zonar. 10.2; Sall. Hist. iii. fragm. p. 215. ed. Gerlach. min.) Whether C. Herenniss, a senator, convicted (before B. C. 69) of peculation (Cic. in Verr. 1.13.39), were the same person, is uncertain.
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