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6]. In B. C. 75 he was aediie, Cotta the orator being consul, and Cicero quaestor in Sicily (Brut. 92). The games and shows he exhibited as aedile were long remembered for their extaordinary splendour (Cic. de )Off. 2.16); but great part of this splendour was the loan of those noble clients, whose robberies he had so successfully excused (Cic. in Verr. 1.19, 22; Ascon. ad l.). In B. C. 72 he was praetor urbanus, and had the task of trying those delinquents whom he had hitherto defended. In B. C. 69 he reached the summit of civic ambition, being consul for that year with Q. Caecilius Metellus. After his consulship the province of Crete feii to him by lot, but he resigned it in favour of his colleague. It was in the year before his consulship, after he was designated, that the prosecution of Verres commenced. Cicero was then aedile-elect, though Hortensius and his party had endeavoured to prevent his election, and another Metellus praetorelect ; so that, had the cause been put off til
upon his wife Alexandra, who immediately appointed Hyrcanus to the high-priesthood -- a choice which he probably owed not so much to his seniority of age, as to his feeble, indolent character, which offered a strong contrast to the daring, ambitious spirit of his younger brother, Aristobulus. Accordingly, during the nine years of his mother's reign, he acquiesced uniformly in all her measures, and attached himself to the party of the Pharisees, which she favoured. On the death of Alexandra (B. C. 69), he succeeded, for a time, to the sovereign power, but Aristobulus, who had already taken his measures, quickly raised an army, with which he defeated him near Jericho, and compelled him to take refuge in the citadel of Jerusalem, where he was soon induced to consent to a treaty, by which he resigned the sovereignty into the hands of Aristobulus, and retired unmolested into a private station. The easy, unambitious disposition of Hyrcanus would probably have led him to acquiesce permanently
Indutioma'rus or INDUCIOMA'RUS. 1. A distinguished chief of the Allobroges, was the most important witness against M. Fonteius, when he was accused in B. C. 69 of maladministration in his province of Narbonnese Gaul, and defended by Cicero. (Cic. Font. 8, 12, 17.) [FONTEIUS, No. 5.]
cile this with the details of the campaigns as given by Appian and Plutarch. Appius Claudius, who had been sent by Lucullus to Tigranes, to demand the surrender of Mithridates, had returned with an unfavourable answer: intelligence had been also received that the two kings, laying aside all personal differ. ences, were assembling large forces and preparing for immediate hostilities; and Lucullus now determined to anticipate them by invading the dominions of Tigranes. It was in the spring of B. C. 69, that he set out on his march towards Armenia, with a select body of 12,000 foot and 3000 horse, leaving his lieutenant Sornatius to command in Pontus (where every thing seemed now perfectly settled) during his absence. Ariobarzanes furnished him assistance on his march through Cappadocia, and the passage of the Euphrates was facilitated by an accidental drought, which was hailed as a good omen both by the general and his soldiers. From thence lie advanced through the district of Sophene, a
was succeeded by his brother, Alexander Jannaeus 6. reigned B. C. 105-78. [ALEXANDER JANNAEUS, Vol. I. p. 117.] He was succeeded by his widow, Alexandra 7. appointed her son Hyrcanus II. to the priesthood, and held the supreme power B. C. 78-69. On her death in the latter year her son, Hyrcanus II. 8. obtained the kingdom, B. C. 69, but was supplanted almost immediately afterwards by his brother, Aristobulus II. 9. who obtained the throne B. C. 68. [ARISTOBULUS, No. 2.] For the remaXANDER JANNAEUS, Vol. I. p. 117.] He was succeeded by his widow, Alexandra 7. appointed her son Hyrcanus II. to the priesthood, and held the supreme power B. C. 78-69. On her death in the latter year her son, Hyrcanus II. 8. obtained the kingdom, B. C. 69, but was supplanted almost immediately afterwards by his brother, Aristobulus II. 9. who obtained the throne B. C. 68. [ARISTOBULUS, No. 2.] For the remainder of the history of the house of the Maccabees see HYRCANUS II. and HERODES I.
Alexandra 7. appointed her son Hyrcanus II. to the priesthood, and held the supreme power B. C. 78-69. On her death in the latter year her son,
Hyrcanus II. 8. obtained the kingdom, B. C. 69, but was supplanted almost immediately afterwards by his brother,
Magada'tes (*Magada/ths), general of Tigranes, king of Armenia, was entrusted by him with the government of Syria, when it had been conquered from Antiochus X. (Eusebes) in B. C. 83. Magadates, having ruled over the country for fourteen years, left it in B. C. 69 to aid his master against Lucullus; and Antiochus XIII., son of Antiochus X., seized the opportunity to recover the kingdom. (App. Syr. 48, 49, Mithr. 84, &c.; Plut. Luc. 25, &c.; Just. 40.1, 2.) Justin differs, apparently, from Appian in mentioning eighteen years as the period during which Syria was held by the officer of Tigranes; but the numbers are satisfactorily reconciled by Clinton. (F. H. vol. iii. p. 340.) [E.
Matri'nius 3. D. Matrinius, a writer of the aediles (scriba aedilicus) was defended by Cicero, about B. C. 69. (Cic. Clu. 45.)
Me'mmius 10. P. MEMMIUS, was cited a witness for the defendant at the trial of A. Caecina, B. C. 69. (Cic. pro Caec. 10.) [CAECINA, No. 1.]
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