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Metellus 23. Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus. His descent and that of his two brothers is quite uncertain; for he evidently could not have been the son of Metellus Macedonicus, as Florus (3.8.1) states. (Drumann, vol. ii. p. 50.) Metellus was consul B. C. 69 with Q. Hortensius, and obtained the conduct of the war against Crete, which Hortensius had declined, when the lot had given this province to him. Metellus left Italy in B. C. 68 with three legions. He was engaged two whole years in the subjugation of the island, and did not return to Rome till the third. The difficulty of the conquest was much increased by the unwarrantable interference of Ponpey; for after Cydonia, Cnossus, and many other towns had fallen into the hands of Metellus, and the war seemed almost at an end, the Cretans sent to offer their submission to Pompey, from whom they hoped to obtain more favourable terms than from Metellus. By the Gabinian law, passed in B. C. 67, which gave to Pompey the conduct of the war ag
Metellus 25. M. Caecilius Metellus, brother of the two preceding [Nos. 23, 24], was praetor B. C. 69, in the same year that his eldest brother was consul. The lot gave him the presidency in the court de pecuniis repetundis, and Verres was very anxious that his trial should come on before Metellus. (Cic. Verr. Act. 1.8, 9, 10.) Since he did not obtain the consulship, Drumann conjectures (vol. ii. p. 57) that the gladiators of M. Metellus, whom Cicero mentions in B. C. 60 (ad Att. 2.1.1) may have belonged to the son of the praetor, and were exhibited by him in honour of his father, who would therefore have died about this time.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Mithridates Eupator or Mithridates Magnus or Mithridates the Great (search)
nder of Mithridates, not only refused this request, but determined at once to prepare for war with the Romans. Community of interests now led to a complete reconciliation between the two monarchs; and Mithridates, who had spent a year and eight months in the dominions of his son-in-law without being admitted to a personal interview, was now made to participate in all the councils of Tigranes, and appointed to levy an army to unite in the war. But it was in vain that in the ensuing campaign (B. C. 69) he urged upon his son-in-law the lessons of his own experience, and advised him to shun a regular action with Lucullus : Tigranes, confident in the multitude of his forces, gave battle at Tigranocerta and was defeated, before Mithridates had been able to join him. But this disaster, so precisely in accordance with the warnings of Mithridates, served to raise the latter so high in the estimation of Tigranes, that from this time forward the whole conduct of the war was entrusted to the direc
O'ppius 9. P. Oppius, was quaestor in Bithynia to M. Aurelius Cotta, who was consul in B. C. 74, and who remained in Bithynia for the next three or four years. Oppiusappears to have appropriated to his own use many of the supplies intended for the troops ; and when he was charged with this by Cotta, he forgot himself so far as to draw his sword upon the proconsul. Cotta accordinglydismissed him from the province, and sent a letter to the senate, in which he formally accused Oppius of malversation, and of making an attempt upon the life of his imnperator. He was brought to trial in B. C. 69, and was defended by Cicero. The speech which Cicero delivered in his favour is lost, but it seems to have been one of considerable merit, as it is referred to several times by Quintilian. (D. C. 36.23 ; Quint. Inst. 5.10.69, 5.13.17; Sall. Hist. iii. p. 218. ed. Gerlach; Cic. Fraigm. vol. iv. p. 444, ed. Orelli; Drumann, Geschichte Romns, vol. v. p. 343.)
Plaeto'rius 5. M. Plaetorius, was the accuser, in B. C. 69, of M. Fonteius, whom Cicero defended [FONTEIUS, No. 5]. About the same time he was curule aedile with C. Flaminius, and it was before these aediles that Cicero defended D. Matrinius. In B. C. 67 he was praetor with the same colleague as he had in his aedileship. In B. C. 51 he was condemned (incendio Plaetoriano, i. e. dacnatione, Cic. Att. 5.20.8), but we do not know for what offence. We find him a neighbour of Atticus in B. C. 44, and this is the last that we hear of hin (Cic. Font. 12, pro Cluent. 45, 53, ad Att. 15.17). The following coins, struck by M. Plaetorius, a curule aedile, probably refer to the above-mentioned Plaetorius, as we know of no other Plaetorius who held this office. From these we learn that he was the son of Marcus, and that he bore the cognomen Cestianus. The first coin bears on the obverse a woman's head covered with a helmet, with the legend CESTIANVS S. C., and on the reverse an eagle standing on a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Pompeius Magnus or Pompeius the Great or Cn. Pompeius (search)
oth these measures Pompey was strongly supported by Caesar, with whom he was thus brought into close connection, and who, though he was rapidly rising in popular favour, could as yet only hope to weaken the power of the aristocracy through Pompey's means. Pompey had thus broken with the aristocracy, and had become the great popular hero. On the expiration of his consulship he dismissed his army, which he no longer needed for the purpose of overawing the senate, and for the next two years (B. C. 69 and 68) he remained in Rome, as he had previously declared that he would not accept a province. Having had little or no experience in civil affairs, he prudently kept aloof during this time from all public matters, and appeared seldom in public, and then never without a large retinue, in order to keep up among the people the feelings of respectful admiration with which they had hitherto regarded him. Pompey did not possess the diversified talents of Caesar : he was only a soldier, but he sh
Publi'cius 7. Q. Publicius, praetor B. C. 69, before whom Cicero defended D. Matrinius. (Cic. Clu. 45.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
eaded causes, to be ignorant of the law with which he had to be engaged." (Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. 2.43.) Henceforth jurisprudence became his study, in which he surpassed his teachers, L. Balbus and Aquillius Gallus, and obtained a reputation in no respect inferior to that of the pontifex who reproved him. As an orator he had hardly a superior, unless it were Cicero himself. Servius was successively quaestor of the district or provincia of Ostia, in B. C. 74 (Cic. pro Mur. 8); aedilis curulis, B. C. 69; and during his praetorship, B. C. 65, he had the quaestio peculatus (pro Mur. 20). In his first candidateship for the consulship, B. C. 63, Servius was rejected, and Servius and Cato joined in prosecuting L. Murena, who was elected. Murena was defended by Cicero, Hortensius, and M. Crassus (Oratio pro Murena). In B. C. 52, as interrex, he named Pompeius Magnus sole consul. In B. C. 51, he was elected consul with M. Claudius Marcellus; and on this occasion Cato was an unsuccessful candidate
of Cyzicus, he is mentioned as giving the king the most judicious advice. (Appian. Mithr. 70, 72.) After the defeat of the king and his retreat into his own territories, we again find Taxiles sharing with Diophantus the actual command of the army which Mithridates opposed to Lucullus near Cabeira, B. C. 72, where their skilful arrangements for a time held the balance of success doubtful, and reduced the Roman general to considerable straits for provisions. At length, however, the campaign was terminated by a total rout, in which the royal camp fell into the hands of the enemy. (Memnon. 4; comp. App. Mith. 79-82; Plut. Lucull. 15, 17.) Taxiles accompanied his royal master on his flight into Armenia, and we subsequently (B. C. 69) find him mentioned as present with Tigranes at the great battle of Tigranocerta, on which occasion he in vain endeavoured to restrain the overweening confidence of the Armenian monarch. (Plut. Lucull. 27.) This is the last time that his name occurs in history.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Varro, Tere'ntius 5. A. Terentius Varro Murena, is first mentioned in B. C. 69, when he was a witness in the case of A. Caecina, whom Cicero defended in that year. Cicero mentions him in his correspondence as one of his friends. He belonged to the aristocratical party, and served under Pompey in Greece, in B. C. 48. (Cic. pro Caec. 9, ad Fam. 13.22, 16.12; Caes. Civ. 3.19.)
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