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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 41 41 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 69 BC or search for 69 BC in all documents.

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between the Euphrates and mount Taurus, the capital of which was Samosata. It formerly formed part of the Syrian kingdom of the Seleucidae, but probably became an independent principality during the civil wars of Antiochus Grypus and his brother. It has been supposed by some, that Antiochus Asiaticus, the last king of Syria, is the same as Antiochus, the first king of Commagene; but there are no good. reasons for this opinion. (Clinton, F.H. iii. p. 343.) This king is first mentioned about B. C. 69, in the campaign of Lucullus against Tigranes. (Dio Cass. Frag. 35.2.) After Pompey had deposed Antiochus Asiaticus, the last king of Syria, B. C. 65, he marched against Antiochus of Commagene, with whom he shortly afterwards concluded a peace. (B. C. 64.) Pompey added to his dominions Seleuceia and the conquests he had made in Mesopotamia. (Appian, App. Mith. 106, 114.) When Cicero was governor of Cilicia (B. C. 51), he received from Antiochus intelligence of the movements of the Parthia
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Eusebes (search)
own as the eleventh king of Syria of this name. In a battle fought near the Orontes, Antiochus X. defeated Philip and Antiochus XI., and the latter was drowned in the river. The crown was now assumed by Philip, who continued to prosecute the war assisted by his brother, Demetrius Eucaerus. The Syrians, worn out with these civil broils, offered the kingdom to Tigranes, king of Armenia, who accordingly took possession of Syria in B. C. 83, and ruled over it till he was defeated by Lucullus in B. C. 69. The time of the death of Antiochus X. is uncertain. He appears, however, to have fallen in battle against the Parthians, before Tigranes obtained possession of Syria. (J. AJ 13.13.4.) According to some accounts he survived the reign of Tigranes, and returned to his kingdom after the conquest of the latter by Lucullus (Euseb. p. 192 ; Justin, 40.2); but these accounts ascribe to Antiochus X. what belongs to his son Antiochus XIII. (See Clinton, F. H. vol. iii. pp. 338, 340.) Jupiter is repr
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Asiaticus (search)
Anti'ochus Xiii. or Anti'ochus Asiaticus king of SYRIA, surnamed ASIATICUS (*)Asiatiko/s), and on coins Dionysus Philopator Callinicus (*Dio/nusos *Filopa/twr *Kalli/nikos), was the son of Antiochus X. and Selene, an Egyptian princess. He repaired to Rome during the time that Tigranes had possession of Syria, and passed through Syria on his return during the government of Verres. (B. C. 73-71.) On the defeat of Tigranes in B. C. 69, Lucullus allowed Antiochus Asiaticus to take possession of the kingdom; but he was deprived of it in B. C. 65 by Pompey, who reduced Sicily to a Roman province. In this year the Seleucidae ceased to reign. (Appian, App. Syr. 49, 70; Cic. in Verr. 4.27, 28, 30; Justin, 40.2.) Some writers suppose, that Antiochus Asiaticus afterwards reigned as king of Commagene, but there are not sufficient reasons to support this opinion. [ANTIOCHUS I., king of Commagene.] For the history and chronology of the Syrian kings in general, see Fröhlich, Annales Syria, &c.
Artemido'rus 3. ARTEMIDORUS CORNELIUS, a physician, who was born at Perga in Pamphylia, or, according to some editions of Cicero, at Pergamus in Mysia. He was one of the unprincipled agents of Verres, whom he first assisted in his robbery of the temple of Diana at Perga, when he was legatus to Cn. Dolabella in Cilicia, B. C. 79 (Cic. 2 Verr. 1.20, 3.21); and afterwards attended him in Sicily during his praetorship, B. C. 72-69, where, among other infamous acts, he was one of the judges (recuperatores) in the case of Nympho. His original name appears to have been Artemidorus; he was probably at first a slave, and afterwards, on being freed by his master, (perhaps Cn. Cornelius Dolabella,) took the name of Cornelius. Cicero calls him in one place " Cornelius medicus" (2 Verr. 3.11), in another " Artemidorus Pergaeus" (100.21), and in a third " Artemidorus Cornelius" (100.49); but it is plain that in each passage he refers to the same individual, though Ernesti has in his Index Historicu
Caeci'na 1. A, CAECINA, of Volaterrae, whom Cicero defended in a law-suit, B. C. 69. The argument of this oration, which is of a purely legal nature, cannot be understood without a knowledge of the Roman interdict. It is discussed at length by Keller in the second book of his " Semestrium ad M. Tullium Ciceronem Libri VI." Turici, 1843. He was probably the father of the following, and not the same person, as is usually supposed. (Comp. Cic. Fam. 6.9; Orelli, Onom. Tull. s. v.
M. Caeso'nius one of the judices at Rome, an upright man, who displayed his integrity in the inquiry into the murder of Cluentius, B. C. 74, when C. Junius presided over the court. He was aedile elect with Cicero in B. C. 70, and consequently would not have been able to act as judex in the following year, as a magistrate was not allowed to discharge the duties of judex during his year of office. This was one reason among others why the friends of Verres were anxious to postpone his trial till B. C. 69. The praetorship of Caesonius is not mentioned, but he must have obtained it in the same year as Cicero, namely, B. C. 66, as Cicero writes to Atticus in 65, that there was some talk of Caesonius becoming a candidate with him for the consulship. (Cic. Verr. Act. 1.10 ; Pseudo-Ascon. in loc. ; Cic. Att. 1.1.) This Caesonius is probably the one whom Cicero speaks of in B. C. 45. (Ad Att. 12.11.)
curacy of inquiry and detail, which rendered him irresistible in a good cause and often victorious in a bad one. The most important business of his new office (B. C. 69) were the preparations for the celebration of the Floralia, of the Liberalia, and of the Ludi Romani in honour of the three divinities of the Capitol. It had becn Q. Caecilium B. C. 70. [VERRES.] In Verrem Actio prima 5th August, B. C. 70. [VERRES.] In Verrem Actio secunda. Not delivered. [VERRES.] * Pro M. Fonteio B. C. 69. [FONTEIUS.] Pro A. Caecina B. C. 69, probably. [CAECINA.] ** Pro P. Oppio B. C. 67. [OPPIUS.] Pro Lege Manilia B. C. 66. [MANILIUS.] ** Pro C. Fundanio B. C. 69, probably. [CAECINA.] ** Pro P. Oppio B. C. 67. [OPPIUS.] Pro Lege Manilia B. C. 66. [MANILIUS.] ** Pro C. Fundanio B. C. 66. [FUNDANIUS.] Pro A. Cluentio Avito B. C. 66. [CLUENTIUS.] ** Pro C. Manilio B. C. 65. [MANILIUS.] Pro L. Corvino, B. C. 65. (See Q. Cic. de petit cons. 5.) ** Pro C. Cornelio. Two orations B. C. 65. [CORNELIUS.] Pro C. Calpurnio Pisone, B. C. 64. [PISO.] ** Oratio in Toga Candida B. C. 64. See above, p. 711b.
Cleopatra 10. Third and eldest surviving daughter of Pto lemy Auletes, was born towards the end of B. C. 69, and was consequently seventeen at the death of her father, who in his will appointed her heir of his kingdom in conjunction with her younger brother, Ptolemy, whom she was to marry. The personal charms, for which she was so famed, shewed themselves in early youth, as we are told by Appian (App. BC 5.8), that she made an impression on the heart of Antony in her fifteenth year, when he was at Alexandria with Gabinius. Her joint reign did not last long, as Ptolemy, or rather Pothinus and Achillas, his chief advisers, expelled her from the throne, about B. C. 49. She retreated into Syria, and there collected an army with which she designed to force her brother to reinstate her. But an easier way soon presented itself; for in the following year Caesar arrived in Egypt in pursuit of Pompey, and took upon himself to arrange matters between Cleopatra and her brother. (Caes. Civ. 3.103,
Clu'vius 7. M. Cluvius Rufus, consul suffectus in A. D. 45. (J. AJ 2.1; Suet. Nero 21; D. C. 63.14.) He was governor of Hispania in the time of Galba, B. C. 69. (Tac. list. 1.8.) On the death of Galba he first swore allegiance to Otho, but soon afterwards he appears as a partisan of Vitellius. Hilarius, a freedman of Vitellius, having accused him of aspiring to the independent government of Spain, Cluvius went to Vitellius, who was then in Gallia, and succeeded in clearing himself. He remained in the suite of the emperor, though he still retained the government of his province. (Tac. Hist. 2.65.) Tacitus speaks of him (Hist. 4.43) as distinguished alike for his wealth and for his eloquence, and says, that no one in the time of Nero had been endangered by him. In the games in which Nero made his appearance, Cluvius acted as herald. (Suet. Nero 21; D. C. 63.14.) It is probably this same Cluvius whom we find mentioned as an historian. He wrote an account of the times of Nero, Galba, Otho
Corni'ficius 2. Q. Cornificius, was one of the judices on the trial of Verres, and tribune of the plebs in the following year, B. C. 69. He probably obtained the praetorship in 66, and was one of Cicero's competitors for the consulship in 64. His failure, however, did not make him an enemy of the great orator; he seems to have assisted him in the suppression of the Catilinarian conspiracy, and it was to his care that Cethegus was committed upon the arrest of the conspirators. Subsequently in B. C. 62, Cornificius was the first to bring before the senate the sacrilege of Clodius in violating the mysteries of the Bona Dea. He probably died soon afterwards, as we hear nothing further of him. He is called by Asconius "vir sobrius ac sanctus." (Cic. in Verr. Act. 1.10; Ascon. in Tog. Cand. p. 82; Cic. Att. 1.1; Sal. Cat. 47; Appian, App. BC 2.5; Cic. Att. 1.13.)
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