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Galba 9. P. SULPICIUS GALBA was appointed one of the judices in the case of Verres B. C. 70, but was rejected by Verres. Cicero calls him an honest, but severe judge, and says that he was to enter on some magistracy that same year. He seems to be the same as the Galba who was one of the competitors of Cicero for the consulship. In B. C. 57 he is mentioned as pontifex, and in 49 as augur. Whether he is the same as the Galba who served as legate under Sulla in the war against Mithridates must remain uncertain. (Cic. in Verr. 1.7, 10, de Petit. Cons. 2, ad Att. 1.1, 9.9, de Harusp. Resp. 6; Ascon. in Cic. in Tog. cand. p. 82 ; Appian, App. Mith. 43.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
M'. Acilius Glabrio M. F. M. N. GLABRIO, son of the preceding and of Mucia, a daaghter of P. Mucius Scaevola, consul in B. C. 133. He married a daughter of M. Aemilius Scaurus, consul in B. C. 115 (Cic. in Verr. 1.17), whom Sulla, in B. C. 82, compelled him to divorce. (Plut. Sull. 33, Pomp. 9.) Glabrio was praetor urbanus in B. C. 70, when he presided at the impeachment of Verres. (Cic. in Verr. 1.2.) Cicero was anxious to bring on the trial of Verres during the praetorship of Glabrio (Ib. 18; Pseudo-Ascon. in Verr. argum. p. 125, Orelli), whose conduct in the preliminaries and the presidency of the judicium he commends (in Verr. Act. 2.5.29, 63), and describes him as active in his judicial functions and careful of his reputation (in Verr. 1.10, 14), although, in a later work (Brut. 68), he says that Glabrio's natural indolence marred the good education he had received from his grandfather Scaevola. Glabrio was consul with C. Calpurnius Piso in B. C. 67, and in the following year pr
Gra'nius 6. P. Granius, a merchant of Puteoli, engaged in the Sicilian trade, who appeared in evidence against C. Verres, B. C. 70. (Cic. in Verr. 5.59.)
Heius 3. C. Heius, the principal citizen of Messana in Sicily, and head of the deputation which Verres persuaded or compelled that city to send to Rome in B. C. 70, to give evidence in his favour, when impeached by Cicero. But Heius, although he his public commission, was in his own person an important witness for the prosecution. He had, indeed, been one of the principal sufferers from the praetor's rapacity. Before the administration of Verres Heius was the possessor, by long inheritance, of some of the rarest and most perfect specimens of Grecian art. Among them were the famous Eros in marble by Praxiteles; an equally celebrated Heracles in bronze, by Myron; Canephoroe, by Polycletus; and Attalic tapestry, as rare and much more costly than the Gobelin tapestry of modern times. All these ancestral treasures of the Heian family, some of which being the furniture of the family-chapel, were sacred as well as priceless, Verres purchased from their reluctant owner at a nominal price, bor
Hera'clius the son of Hiero, was a noble and opulent citizen of Syracuse. Heraclius, before the praetorship of C. Verres, in B. C. 73-71, one of the wealthiest, became, through his exactions and oppression, one of the poorest men in Sicily. (Cic. in Verr. 2.14.) The family, at least the namesakes of Heraclius, suffered equally from Verres. Another Heraclius of Syracuse he stripped of his property (4.61). Heraclius of Segesta he put to death (5.43); and Heraclius of Amestratus (3.39), and another of Centuripini, appeared in evidence against him in B. C. 70 (2.27). [W.B.D]
Hormus was one of Vespasian's freedmen, and commanded a detachment in Caecina's division B. C. 70. He was said to have instigated the soldiers to the sack of Cremona. After the war his services were recompensed with the rank of eques. (Tac. Hist. iii, 12, 28; 4.39.) [W.B.D]
onent before him, unless he had good warrant for its truth. Turius, or Furins, mentioned by Horace (Scrm. 2.1. 49), is said to have been one of the judices corrupted by Hortensius. This domination over the courts continued up to about the year B. C. 70, when Hortensius was retained by Verres against Cicero. Cicero had come to Rome from Athens in B. C. 81, and first met Hortensius as the advocate of P. Quinctius. Cicero's speech is extant, and not the least interesting part is that in which he e on the other side was (Instit. 10.1). It is true also that Verres was backed by all the power of the Sullane aristocracy. But this party had been much weakened by the measures passed by Pompey in his consulship with Crassus in the year before (B. C. 70). Especially, the Aemilian law, which transferred the judicial power from the senators to the senators, equites, and tribune aerarii conjointly, must have very much weakened the influence of Hortensius and his party. (Ascon. and Cic. in Pison. p
La'sthenes 3. A Cretan who took a prominent part in urging his countrymen to resist the attack of M. Antonius in B. C. 70. On this account, when the Cretans, after the defeat of Antonius, sent an embassy to Rome to excuse their past conduct, and sue for peace, one of the conditions imposed by the senate was the surrender of Lasthenes and Panares, as the authors of their offence. (Diod. Exe. Legat. xl. pp. 631, 632; Appian, App. Sic. 6; Dio Cass. Fragm. 177.) These terms were rejected by the Cretans; and in the war that followed against Q. Metellus (B. C. 68) Lasthenes was one of the principal leaders. Together with Panares, he assembled an army of 24,000 men, with which they maintained the contest against the Roman army for near three years: the excellence of the Cretans as archers, and their great personal activity, giving them many advantages in desultory warfare. At length, however, Lasthenes was defeated by Metellus near Cydonia, and fled for refuge to Cnossus, where, finding hims
es. This was intended to protect Sthenius of Thermae in Sicily against the machinations of Verres; and by the influence of this person it was frustrated. (Cic. in Verr. 2.34, 39, &c.) Lentulus also passed a law to exact payment from those who had received grants of public land from Sulla. (Sall. apud Gell. 18.4.) In the war with Spartacus both he and his colleague were defeated-but after their consulship. (Liv. Epit. 96; Plut. Crass. 9, &c.) With the same colleague he held the censorship in B. C. 70, and ejected 64 members from the senate for infamous life, among whom were Lentulus Sura [See No. 18] and C. Antonius, afterwards Cicero's colleague in the consulship. Yet the majority of those expelled were acquitted by the courts, and restored (Cic. pro Cluent. 42, in Verr. 5.7, pro Flacc. 19; Gel. 5.6; V. Max. 5.9.1.) They held a lustrum, in which the number of citizens was returned at 450,000 (Liv. Epit. 98; Ascon. ad Verr. Act. 1.18; comp. Plut. Pomp. 22.) The same officers served as P
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Clau'dius 17. M. Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus, M. F., is mentioned by Cicero as a young man at the trial of Verres (B. C. 70), on which occasion he appeared as a witness. (Cic. Ver. 4.42, where, however, several editions give his name as C. Marcellus.)
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