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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Clau'dius 22. Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus, P. F., was a son of the preceding. (Dio Cass. Arg. xxxix.) He is first mentioned as zealously supporting the cause of the Sicilians against Verres, while yet a young man, B. C. 70. (Cic. Div. in Caecil. 4, in Verr. 2.42.) He next appears in B. C. 61, as supporting his kinsman, L. Lentulus Crus, in the accusation of Clodius, for violating the mysteries of the Bona Dea. (Schol. Bob. ad Cic. in Clod. p. 336, ed. Orell.) In B. C. 59 he held the office of praetor, and presided at the trial of C. Antonius, the colleague of Cicero. (Cic. in Vatin. 11; Orell. Onom. Tall. p. 177.) The following year he repaired to Syria, and administered that province for nearly two years, during which his time was principally taken up with repressing the predatory incursions of the neighboring Arabs. (Appian, App. Syr. 51.) But he returned to Rome soon enough to sue for the consulship at the elections of the year 57, and was chosen for the ensuing ye
Metellus 24. L. Caecilius Metellus, brother of the preceding [No. 23], was praetor B. C. 71, and as propraetor succeeded Verres in the government of Sicily in B. C. 70. He defeated the pirates, who had conquered the Roman fleet and taken possession of the harbour of Syracuse, and compelled them to leave the island. His administration is praised by Cicero for restoring peace and security to the inhabitants, after the frightful scenes which had been enacted there by Verres; but he nevertheless attempted, in conjunction with his brothers, to shield Verres from injustice, and tried to prevent the Sicilians from bringing forward their testimony and complaints against him. He was consul B. C. 68 with Q. Marcius Rex, but died at the beginning of his year. (Liv. Epit. 98; Oros. 6.3; Cic. Verr. Act. 1.9, Accus. 2.4, 3.16, 2.28, 56, 67, 3.53, in Pis. 4; D. C. 35.4.)
Mu'mmius 6. M. Mummius, was praetor in B. C. 70, and presided at the trial of Verres in that year. (Cic. in Verr. 3.52.)
Cicero renewed his acquaintance with hint. Phaedrus was at that time an old man, and was the president of the Epicurean school (Cic. Phil. 5.5.13, de Nat. Deor. 1.33.93, de Fin. 1.5.16). He was also on terms of friendship with Velleius, whom Cicero introduces as the defender of the Epicurean tenets in the De Nat. Deor. (1.21.58; comp. Madvig. aid Cic. de Fin. p. 35), and especially with Atticus (Cic. de Fin. 1.5.16, 5.1.3, &c.). He occupied the position of head of the Epicurean school till B. C. 70 (Phot. Bibl. 97, p. 84, ed. Bekker), and was succeeded by Patron [PATRON]. Cicero especially praises his agreeable manners. He had a son named Lysiadas. Works Cicero (Cic. Att. 13.39) mentions, according to the common reading, two treatises by Phaedrus, *Fai/drou perissw=n et *(Ella/dos. The first title is corrected on MS. authority to *Peri\ dew=n. Some critics (as Petersen) suppose that only one treatise is spoken of, *Peri\ qew=n kai\ *Palla/dos. Others (among whom is Orelli, (Onom. T
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Pompeius Magnus or Pompeius the Great or Cn. Pompeius (search)
n. The senate, therefore, thought it more prudent to release him from the laws, which disqualified him from the consulship; and he was accordingly elected without any open opposition along with M. Crassus, whom he had recommended to the people as his colleague. A triumph, of course, could not be refused him on account of his victories in Spain; and accordingly, on the 31st of December, B. C. 71, he entered the city a second time in his triumphal car, a simple eques. On the 1st of January, B. C. 70, Pompey entered on his consulship with M. Crassus. One of his first acts was to redeem the pledge he had given to the people, by bringing forward a law for the restoration of the tribunician power. Sulla had allowed the tribunicial office to continue, but had deprived it of the greater part of its power; and there was no object for which the people were so eager as its restoration in its former authority and with its ancient privileges. Modern writers have disputed whether its restoration w
Publi'cius 6. PUBLICIUS, a Roman eques, celebrated for conducting bribery at the elections at Rome, about B. C. 70. (Pseudo-Ascon. in Verr. p. 135.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
defeated in Picenum, by their indefatigable adversary. It was about this time that Pompey had brought the war in Spain to a conclusion; and as he had conferred the Roman citizenship upon many persons in that country, the consuls brought forward a law to ratify his acts (Cic. pro Balb. 8, 14). The consuls also proposed in the senate, that no one in the provinces should be accused of capital crimes in their absence. This was directed against Verres. (Cic. Verr 2.39). Two years afterwards, B. C. 70, Gellius was censor with Lentulus, his former colleague in the consulship. They exercised their office with great severity, and expelled many persons from the senate, among whom was C. Antonius. It was during their censorship that Pompey, who was then consul, appeared as an ordinary eques at the solemn muster of the equites, and, amid the applause of the spectators, led his horse by the curie chair of the censors, and answered the ordinary questions. In B. C. 67 and 66 Gellius served as one
Sadales the son of Cotys, king of Thrace, was sent by his father to the assistance of Pompey, and fought on his side against Caesar, in B. C. 48. In conjunction with Scipio, he defeated L. Cassius Longinus, one of Caesar's legates. He was pardoned by Caesar after the battle of Pharsalia, and appears to have succeeded his father in the sovereignty about this time. He died in B. C. 42, leaving his dominions to the Romans (Caes. Civ. 3.4; Lucan, 5.54; D. C. 41.51, 63, 47.25). Cicero, in his orations against Verres, B. C. 70, speaks of a king Sadala (Verr. Act. 1.24). This Sadala was in all probability the father of Cotys, and the grandfather of the Sadales mentioned above.
Scrofa 3. Cn. Tremellius Scrofa, the grandson of No. ], was a friend of M. Varro, and a writer on agriculture. He is probably the same as the Cn. Tremellius, who was one of the judices at the trial of Verres in B. C. 70, and had been appointed military tribune for the following year (Cic. Verr. Act. 1.10). Scrofa was one of the twenty commissioners for dividing the Campanian land under the agrarian law of Julius Caesar, B. C. 59, and he must afterwards have served under Julius Caesar in Gaul, as he is said to have commanded an army near the Rhine. He is introduced as one of the speakers in Varro's treatise De Re Rustica, where his knowledge of agriculture is praised in the highest terms. He there speaks of himself as practorius, but in what year he was praetor is unknown (Varr. R. R. 1.2.10, 1.7.8, 2.4 ; Plin. Nat. 17.21. s. 35.22). He is mentioned in Cicero's correspondence as one of the friends of Atticus. (Cic. Att. 5.4.2, 6.1.13, 7.1.8.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Sila'nus, Ju'nius 5. D. Junius Silanus, probably a younger son of No. 4, was the step-father of M. Brutus, the murderer of Caesar, having married his mother Servilia. He was aedile about B. C. 70, when he exhibited very magnificent games, and notwithstanding was unsuccessful in his application for the consulship for the year B. C. 64. He was elected consul in the comitia held in the summer of B. C. 63, and in consequence of his being consul designatus was first asked for his opinion by Cicero in the debate in the senate on the punishment of the Catilinarian conspirators. He declared himself in favour of inflicting the extreme punishment upon the conspirators; but after the speech of Caesar, he said that he should vote in favour of the proposition of Tib. Nero, who had recommended that they should be kept in prison till Catiline was conquered, affirming that he had not recommended that they should be put to death, but that they should be imprisoned, as this was the extreme of punishm
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