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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Torqua'tus, Ma'nlius 10. A. Manlius Torquatus, was propraetor of Africa, perhaps about B. C. 70, where Plancius, whom Cicero defended at a later period, served under him. (Cic. pro Planc. 11.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Va'tia or Va'tia Isauricus (search)
epressed for a time, and their ravages soon became more formidable than ever. (Liv. Epit. 90, 93; Oros. 5.23; Flor. 3.6; Eutrop. 6.3; Strab. xiv. pp. 667, 671; Frontin. Strat. 3.7.1; Cic. Ver. 1.21, 3.90, 5.26, 30, de Leg. Agr. 1.2, 2.19 ; V. Max. 8.5.6; comp. Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. iv. pp. 396, 397.) Servilius, after his return, was regarded as one of the leading members of the senate, and is frequently mentioned in the orations and letters of Cicero in terms of great respect. In B. C. 70 he was one of the judices at the trial of Verres; in B. C. 66 he supported the rogation of Manilius for conferring upon Pompey the command of the war against the pirates; in B. C. 63 he was a candidate for the dignity of pontifex maximus, but was defeated by Julius Caesar, who had served under him in the war against the pirates; in the same year he assisted Cicero in the suppression of the Catilinarian conspiracy, and spoke in the senate in favour of inflicting the last penalty of the law u
Verres, C. [CORNELIUS?] 1. Was a Roman senator, who appears to have been connected by birth, adoption, or emancipation with the Cornelia gens. Cicero, whose anger Verres had incurred by interfering in his election for the aedileship B. C. 70, calls him a veteran briber and manager of votes. Verres took alarm at his son's reckless proceedings in Sicily, B. C. 73-71; and although he supplicated the senate in his behalf, despatched special messengers to Syracuse with warnings to be more circumspect in future. The elder Verres had a share in his son's pillage of the Sicilians. (Verrin. 1.8, 9, 2.1. 23, 39, 40 ; Pseud. Ascon. in Verrin.; in Q. Caecil. proem.
P. Virgi'lius or VERGI'LIUS MARO, was born on the 15th of October, B. C. 70 in the first consulship of Cn. Pompeius Magnus and M. Licinius Crassus, at Andes, a small village near Mantua in Cisalpine Gaul. The tradition, though an old one, which identifies Andes with the modern village of Pietola, may be accepted as a tradition, without being accepted as a truth. The poet Horace, afterwards one of his friends, was born B. C. 65; and Octavianus Caesar, afterwards the emperor Augustus, and his patron, in B. C. 63, in the consulship of M. Tullius Cicero. Virgil's father probably had a small estate which he cultivated : his mother's name was Maia. The son was educated at Cremona and Mediolanum (Milan), and he took the toga virilis at Cremona on the day on which he commenced his sixteenth year in B. C. 55, which was the second consulship of Cn. Pompeius Magnus and M. Licinius Crassus. On the same day, according to Donatus, the poet Lucretius died, in his forty-first year. It is said that Vi
Volteius or VULTEIUS. 1. L. Volteius, a friend of L. Metellus, who was propraetor of Sieily, B. C. 70. (Cic. Ver. 3.66.)
frequently called the Persian. Unlike the noria, it is only capable of lifting water to a height about equal to its radius, while the noria lifts water to a height nearly equal to its diameter. See tympanum. In the first century B. C. water-wheels for driving mills were used in Asia Minor and on the Tiber. In the former case we suppose, and in the latter case we know, that these were current-wheels. Strabo, Vitruvius, Pliny, and Procopius have described them at various times from 70 B. C. to A. D. 555. They were used on the Tiber on a large scale by Belisarius, during the siege of Rome, when the supply by the aqueducts was cut off by the Goth Vitiges, in the reign of Justinian, A. D. 536. See current-mill. The tide and current wheel, erected first in the vicinity of the north end of London Bridge, and subsequently under its northern arch, was erected by Peter Morice, a Dutchman, in 1582, and operated force-pumps which supplied a part of London with water. The stand-pi
reponderance of the ends of the box, to adapt the meter for liquids of different gravities. See also Fig. 2973. Wa′ter-mill. Water-mills were probably invented in Asia. One is described near one of the palaces of Mithridates of Pontus, 70 B. C. See grinding-mill. Strabo speaks of one on the Tiber, 70 B. C. Antipater, the contemporary of Cicero, alludes to one in an epigram. Vitruvius, 50 B. C., describes their construction as similar to the tympanum, with circumferential floa70 B. C. Antipater, the contemporary of Cicero, alludes to one in an epigram. Vitruvius, 50 B. C., describes their construction as similar to the tympanum, with circumferential floats or paddles which were acted upon by the force of the stream, driving the wheel round. On the axis of the water-wheel was another wheel with cogs, which meshed into the cogs of a horizontal wheel, on the upper head of whose axis was a tenon inserted in the millstone. Pliny refers to water-mills (died A. D. 79). Public water-mills were established in Rome in the time of Honorius and Arcadius (A. D. 398). They were driven by the water of the aqueducts. Backus water-motor. When the
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Sicily (search)
Sicily the great island south-west of Italy, fertile and rich, occupied along the coasts by prosperous Greek colonies, a Roman province (212 on), an easy prey for rapacious governors, as Verres whom Cicero prosecuted (70), 2.50.
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