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it was set on fire by Callimachus himself previous to evacuating the place; and though Lucullus did his utmost to extinguish the flames, his soldiers were too intent upon plunder to second his exertions, and the greater part of the town was consumed. He, however, endeavoured to repatr the damage as far as possible, by granting freedom to the city, and inviting new settlers by extensive privileges. Heracleia, which was still besieged by Cotta, did not fall apparently till the following year, B. C. 71; and the capture of Sinope by Luculllus himself, shortly afterwards, completed the conquest of the whole kingdom of Pontus. About the same time also Machares, the son of Mithridates, who had been appointed by his father king of Bosporus, sent to make offers of submission to the Roman general, and even assisted him with ships and supplies in effecting the reduction of Sinope. (Plut. Luc. 19, 23, 24; Appian, App. Mith. 82, 83; Memnon. 45, 47-54; Strab. xii. p.546, 547; Sall. Hist. ii. fr. 28,
ir chief towns, and laid waste the whole country from Mount Haemus to the Danube, putting to the sword or mutilating in a cruel manner all the barbarians that fell into his hands. Nor did he spare the Greek cities on the Euxine : these had probably taken some part against Rome, as we learn that he captured in succession the cities of Apollonia, Callatia, Tomi, and Istrus, besides some others of minor note. On his return to Rome he was rewarded for these successes by the honour of a triumph, B. C. 71. Among the trophies with which this was adorned, the most conspicuous was a colossal statue of Apollo, 30 cubits in height, which he had brought from Apollonia, and subsequently erected in the capitol. (Eutrop. 6.7, 8, 10; Oros. 6.3; Flor. 3.5; Appian, App. Ill. 30; Liv. Epit. xcii.; Cic. in Pison. 19; Plin. Nat. 4.13.27, 34.6.18; Strab. vii. p.319.) M. Lucullus was, as well as his brother, a strong supporter of the aristocratic party at Rome. It was probably to their influence that he wa
Lyso a Sicilian of rank at Lilybaeum, whom Verres, while praetor of Sicily in B. C. 73-71, robbed of a statue of Apollo. (Cic. in Verr. 4.17.) A son of Lyso, bearing the same name, is recommended by Cicero to M'. Acilius Glabrio, proconsul in Sicily in B. C. 46. (ad Fam. 13.34.) [GLABRIO, No. 6.] [W.B.D]
Metellus 24. L. Caecilius Metellus, brother of the preceding [No. 23], was praetor B. C. 71, and as propraetor succeeded Verres in the government of Sicily in B. C. 70. He defeated the pirates, who had conquered the Roman fleet and taken possession of the harbour of Syracuse, and compelled them to leave the island. His administration is praised by Cicero for restoring peace and security to the inhabitants, after the frightful scenes which had been enacted there by Verres; but he nevertheless attempted, in conjunction with his brothers, to shield Verres from injustice, and tried to prevent the Sicilians from bringing forward their testimony and complaints against him. He was consul B. C. 68 with Q. Marcius Rex, but died at the beginning of his year. (Liv. Epit. 98; Oros. 6.3; Cic. Verr. Act. 1.9, Accus. 2.4, 3.16, 2.28, 56, 67, 3.53, in Pis. 4; D. C. 35.4.)
er (B. C. 83) in the war against Mithridates. He was quaestor at Rome with the jurist Serv. Sulpicius, who was afterwards his opponent in the canvas for the consulship. In his aedileship Murena adorned the walls of the Comitium with Lacedaemonian stone (Plin. Nat. 35.14). In the third Mithridatic war, which began B. C. 74, he served under L. Lucullus (Plut. Luc. 15, &c.), and was left by him to direct the siege of Amisus, while Lycullus advanced against Mithridates. At the captare of Amisus B. C. 71). Tyrannio was made prisoner, and he was given to Murena at his request, who thereupon made him free, by which act it was implied that he had been a slave. Plutarch (Plut. Luc. 19) blames Murena for his conduct in this matter, and adds that it was not in this instance only that Murena showed himself far inferior to his general in honourable feeling and conduct. Murena followed Tigranes in his retreat from Tigranocerta to the Taurus, and took all his baggage, and he was left to maintain the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Orestes, Cn. Aufi'dius originally belonged to the Aurelia gens, whence his surname of Orestes, and was adopted by Cn. Aufidius, the historian, when the latter was an old man [See Vol. I. p. 418b.]. Orestes was repulsed when a candidate for the tribunate of the plebs, but he obtained the consulship in B. C. 71, with P. Cornelius Lentulus. From an anecdote recorded by Cicero (de Off. 2.17) Orestes seems to have carried his election partly by the magnificent treats he gave the people. (Cic. pro Dom. 13, pro Planc. 21; Eutrop. 6.8.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Palica'nus, M. Lo'llius a Picentine of humble origin, was tribune of the plebs, B. C. 71, in which year he exerted himself most vigorously to obtain for the tribunes the restoration of those powers and privileges of which they had been deprived by a law of the dictator Sulla. On Pompey's return to Rome, towards the close of the year after his victory over Sertorius, Palicanus immediately held an assembly of the people outside the city-gates, in which Pompey promised the restoration of the tribunitian privileges, a promise which he fulfilled in his consulship in the following year. (Pseudo-Ascon. in Cic. Divin. in Caecil. p. 103, in Verr. p. 148, ed. Orelli.) Palicanus also supported the lex judiciuria of the praetor L. Aurelius Cotta, by which the senators were deprived of their exclusive right to act as judices, and the judicia were given to courts consisting of senators, equites, and tribuni aerarii. He further attempted to excite the indignation of the people against the aristocrac
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Pompeius Magnus or Pompeius the Great or Cn. Pompeius (search)
war, now burst forth more brightly than ever; and the people longed for his return, that he might deliver Italy from Spartacus and his horde of gladiators, who had defeated the consuls, and were in possession of a great part of the country. In B. C. 71 Pompey returned to Italy at the head of his army. Crassus, who had now the conduct of the war against Spartacus, hastened to bring it to a conclusion before the arrival of Pompey, who he feared might rob him of the laurels of the campaign. He acgly elected without any open opposition along with M. Crassus, whom he had recommended to the people as his colleague. A triumph, of course, could not be refused him on account of his victories in Spain; and accordingly, on the 31st of December, B. C. 71, he entered the city a second time in his triumphal car, a simple eques. On the 1st of January, B. C. 70, Pompey entered on his consulship with M. Crassus. One of his first acts was to redeem the pledge he had given to the people, by bringing
C. Pompti'nus is first mentioned in B. C. 71, when he served as legate under M. Crassus, in the Servile war. (Frontin. Strat. 2.4.8.) He was praetor B. C. 63, in which year he rendered important service to Cicero in the suppression of the Catilinarian conspiracy, especially by the apprehension of the ambassadors of the Allobroges. He afterwards obtained the province of Gallia Narbonensis, and in B. C. 61 defeated the Allobroges, who had invaded the province. In consequence of this victory he sued for a triumph on his return to Rome; but as it was refused by the senate, he remained for some years beyond the pomoerium, urging his claim. At length, in B. C. 54, his friends made a final attempt to procure him the long-desired honour. He was opposed by the praetors, M. Cato and P. Servilius Isauricus, and by the tribune Q. Mucius Scaevola, who urged that he was not entitled to the privilege, because he had not received the imperium by a lex curiata; but he was supported by the consul Appiu
Scrofa 2. (TREMELLIUS) SCROFA, was quaestor of Crassus in the war against Spartacus, B. C. 71, and was wounded while pursuing the latter. (Plut. Crass. 11.
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