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dful of half-armed men devastated Italy, from the foot of the Alps to the southern-most corner of the peninsula, and was little less dangerous to the empire than the Hannibalic war itself. Spartacus was triumphant for upwards of two years, B. C. 73-71. In 73 he defeated Cossinius, a legatus of the praetor Varinius Glaber ; next Glaber himself repeatedly, capturing in one action his war-horse, lictors, and fasces. From this time forward Spartacus was attended with the accompaniments of a Roman prctacle of a great fair, whither merchants resorted to buy the plunder of the peninsula. Spartacus, it is said, interdicted gold and silver from his camp, but purchased brass and iron, and established armouries on a large scale. At the comitia of B. C. 71, there were at first no candidates for the praetorship. To the praetors was assigned the Servile War, and the name of Spartacus intimidated all ranks. M. Licinius Crassus [No. 17] at length offered himself. He was unanimously elected, and numero
has confounded him with the son P. Servilius Casca, who was also called Isauricus. But it is clear that Strabo means to say that he saw the Isauricus who got his name from the conquest of the Isaurians. The assumed date, B. C. 66, for the birth of Strabo, is too early. He was certainly writing as late as A. D. 18; and perhaps we may with Clinton place his birth not later than B. C. 54. But Strabo was a pupil of Tyrannio the grammarian (p. 548), and Tyrannio was made prisoner by Lucullus in B. C. 71, and carried to Rome, probably not later than B. C. 66, and perhaps earlier. Strabo therefore was a hearer of Tyrannio at Rome. The name Strabo (squint-eyed) is originally Greek, though it was also used by the Romans, and applied as a cognomen, among others, to the father of Pompeius Magnus. How the geographer got this name we are not informed. Groskurd infers that Strabo died about A. D. 24 Strabo (lib. xii. p. 576) says that Cyzicus was still a free state; but in A. D. 25, Cyzicus los
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Tigranes Asiaticus (search)
t name preceded his accession, and the native historians represent him as a son of Artaces or Artaxes. [ARSACIDAE, Vol. I. p. 365.] The statement of Plutarch that he had reigned twenty-five years when he received the first embassy of Lucullus in B. C. 71 (Plut. Lucull. 21), would fix the date of his accession in B. C. 96, but Appian (Mithr. 15), perhaps inadvertently, alludes to him as already on the throne in B. C. 98. Of the early events of his reign we have very imperfect information. But it in other respects he appears to have furnished little support to the projects of Mithridates, and left that monarch to carry on the contest with Lucullus single-handed, while he himself turned his attention to his Syrian dominions. And when (in B. C. 71) the vicissitudes of the war at length compelled the king of Pontus to take refuge in the dominions of his son-in-law, Tigranes, though he assigned him a guard of honour, and treated him with all the distinctions of royalty, refused to admit him
Tu'llius 4. M. Tullius, on whose behalf Cicero spoke in B. C. 71. It is quite uncertain who this M. Tullius was. He was not a freedman, as appears from Cicero's speech, but it is equally clear that he was a different person both from M. Tullius Decula, consul B. C. 81. and from M. Tullius Albinovanus. The fragments of Cicero's speech for Tullius were published for the first time from a palimpsest manuscript by Angelo Mai. An analysis of it is given by Drumann. (Geschichte Roms, vol. v. p. 2.58, foil.)
Verres, C. [CORNELIUS?] 1. Was a Roman senator, who appears to have been connected by birth, adoption, or emancipation with the Cornelia gens. Cicero, whose anger Verres had incurred by interfering in his election for the aedileship B. C. 70, calls him a veteran briber and manager of votes. Verres took alarm at his son's reckless proceedings in Sicily, B. C. 73-71; and although he supplicated the senate in his behalf, despatched special messengers to Syracuse with warnings to be more circumspect in future. The elder Verres had a share in his son's pillage of the Sicilians. (Verrin. 1.8, 9, 2.1. 23, 39, 40 ; Pseud. Ascon. in Verrin.; in Q. Caecil. proem.
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives (search)
Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives the triumvir; his wealth and ambition, 1.25. sided with Sulla against Marius and grew enormously rich by the proscriptions; his avarice did not shrink from any meanness or even crime, 1.109; 3.73–75. He defeated Spartacus (71); slain in Parthia (53)
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Gnaeus Aufidius Orestes Aurelianus (search)
Gnaeus Aufidius Orestes Aurelianus consul (71), 2.58.
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