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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 36 36 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 72 BC or search for 72 BC in all documents.

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A'rrius 1. Q. Arrius, praetor, B. C. 72, defeated Crixus, the leader of the runaway slaves, and killed 20,000 of his men, but was afterwards conquered by Spartacus. (Liv. Epit. 96.) In B. C. 71, Arrius was to have succeeded Verres as propraetor in Sicily (Cic. Ver. 2.15, 4.20; Pseudo-Ascon. in Cic. Div. p. 101, ed. Orelli), but died on his way to Sicily. (Schol. Gronov. in Cic. Die. p. 383, ed. Orelli.) Cicero (Cic. Brut. 69) says, that Arrius was of low birth, and without learning or talent, but rose to honour by his assiduity.
Artemido'rus 3. ARTEMIDORUS CORNELIUS, a physician, who was born at Perga in Pamphylia, or, according to some editions of Cicero, at Pergamus in Mysia. He was one of the unprincipled agents of Verres, whom he first assisted in his robbery of the temple of Diana at Perga, when he was legatus to Cn. Dolabella in Cilicia, B. C. 79 (Cic. 2 Verr. 1.20, 3.21); and afterwards attended him in Sicily during his praetorship, B. C. 72-69, where, among other infamous acts, he was one of the judges (recuperatores) in the case of Nympho. His original name appears to have been Artemidorus; he was probably at first a slave, and afterwards, on being freed by his master, (perhaps Cn. Cornelius Dolabella,) took the name of Cornelius. Cicero calls him in one place " Cornelius medicus" (2 Verr. 3.11), in another " Artemidorus Pergaeus" (100.21), and in a third " Artemidorus Cornelius" (100.49); but it is plain that in each passage he refers to the same individual, though Ernesti has in his Index Historicu
Aty'anas (*)Atua/nas), the son of Hippocrates, a native of Adramyttium, conquered in boxing in the Olympic games, B. C. 72. He was afterwards killed by pirates. (Phlegon. Trall. apud Phot. Cod. 97, p. 83b., 40, ed. Bekk.; Cic. pro Flacc. 100.13.
distinguished himself so much throughout the war, that Pompey conferred the Roman citizenship upon him, his brother, and his brother's sons; and this act of Pompey's was ratified by the law of the consuls, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus and L. Gellius, B. C. 72, (Cic. pro Balb. 8.) It was probably in honour of these consuls that Balbus took the gentile name of the one and the praenomen of the other; though some modern writers suppose that he derived his name from L. Cornelius, consul in B. C. 199, who was the hospes of the inhabitants of Gades. (Pro Bulb. 18.) At the conclusion of the war with Sertorius, B. C. 72, Balbus removed to Rome. He obtained admission into the Crustuminian tribe by accusing a member of this tribe of bribery, and thus gaining the place which the guilty party forfeited on conviction. Balbus had doubtless brought with him considerable wealth from Gades, and supported by the powerful interest of Pompey, whose friendship he assiduously cultivated, he soon became a man of
Bellie'nus 2. C. Annius Bellienus, one of the legates of M. Fonteius in Gallia Narbonensis, B. C. 72. (Cic. Font. 4.)
Cae'pio 9. Q. Servilius Caepio, son of No. 8, was a tribune of the soldiers in the war against Spartacus, B. C. 72. He died shortly afterwards at Aenus in Thrace, on his road to Asia. He is called the brother of Cato Uticensis, because his mother Livia had been married previously to M. Porcius Cato, by whom she had Cato Uticensis. (Plut. Cat. Mi. 8, 11.)
Calli'stratus 5. Private secretary to Mithridates. He fell into the hands of the Romans when his master decamped so hastily from his position on the plains of Cabeira, B. C. 72; and the soldiers, who were bringing him before Lucullus, murdered him when they discovered that he had a large sum of money about his person. (Plut. Luc. 17; comp. App. Bell. Mithr. p. 227.) [E.E]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger (search)
tions of a new admirer recalled the ardour of her former lover, who sued again, and was again accepted. Stung to the quick, Cato was with difficulty prevented, by the entreaties of friends, from exposing himself by going to law, and expended the bitterness of his wrath against Scipio in atirical iambics. He soon afterwards married Atilia, the daughter of Serranus, but was obliged to divorce her for adultery after she had borne him two children. He served his first campaign as a volunteer, B. C. 72, under the consul Gellius Poblicola, in the servile war of Spartacus. He joined the army rather from a desire to be near Caepio, who was tribunus militum, than out of any love for a military life. In this new career he had no opportunity of distinguishing himself; but his observation of discipline was perfect, and in courage he was never found wanting. The general offered him military rewards, which he refused on the ground that he had done nothing to deserve them. For this he was reckoned
Clodia'nus mentioned by Cicero (Cic. Att. 1.19), is the same as Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus, consul B. C. 72. [LENTULUS.]
Crixus (*Kri/cos), a Gaul, was one of the two principal generals in the army of Spartacus, B. C. 73. Two Roman armies had already been defeated by the revolted gladiators and slaves, when Crixus was defeated in a battle near mount Garganus by the consul L. Gellius, in B. C. 72. Crixus himself was slain, and two-thirds of his army, which consisted of 30,000 men, were destroyed on the field of battle. Spartacus soon after sacrificed 300 Roman captives to the manes of Crixus. (Appian, App. BC 1.116, &c.; Liv. Epit. 95, 96; Sall. Fragm. Hist. lib. iii.) [L.
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