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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Politics, Book 5, section 1303a (search)
e of race is a cause of faction, until harmony of spirit is reached; for just as any chance multitude of people does not form a state, so a state is not formed in any chance period of time. Hence most of the states that have hitherto admitted joint settlers or additional settlersi.e. colonists not from the mother-city, admitted either at the foundation of the colony or later. have split into factions; for example Achaeans settled at SybarisSybaris, founded 720 B.C., became very wealthy. The Troezenian population when expelled were received at Croton, which made war on Sybaris and destroyed it 510 B.C. To what exactly to\ a)/gos refers is unknown. jointly with Troezenians, and afterwards the Achaeans having become more numerous expelled the Troezenians, which was the Cause of the curse that fell on the Sybarites; and at Thurii Sybarites quarrelled with those who had settled there with them, for they cla
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Attica, chapter 44 (search)
Near Coroebus is buried Orsippus who won the footrace at Olympia by running naked when all his competitors wore girdles according to ancient custom.720 B.C. They say also that Orsippus when general afterwards annexed some of the neighboring territory. My own opinion is that at Olympia he intentionally let the girdle slip off him, realizing that a naked man can run more easily than one girt. As you go down from the market-place you see on the right of the street called Straight a sanctuary of Apollo Prostaterius (Protecting). You must turn a little aside from the road to discover it. In it is a noteworthy Apollo, Artemis also, and Leto, and other statues, made by Praxiteles. In the old gymnasium near the gate called the Gate of the Nymphs is a stone of the shape of a small pyramid. This they name Apollo Carinus, and here there is a sanctuary of the Eileithyiae.Such are the sights that the city had to show. When you have gone down to the port, which to the present day is called Nisaea
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER I. (search)
split it completely, but was only able to force it enough to let the wedges fall out, when the gaping log presently closed on him, and he, being taken as in a snare, was devoured by wild beasts. Beyond this, at the distance of 200 stadia, is situated Sybaris,Sybaris was said to have been founded by the people of Trœzene not long after the siege of Troy. Aristot. Politic. lib. v. cap. 3. Solin. viii. But those were subsequently joined by a more numerous colony of Achmæans, about B. C. 720. Euseb. Chron. ii. a colony settled by the Achœans, between the two rivers Cratio( Ko|a=qis. There was a stream of the same name in Achaia, from whence the Italian Crathis, now Crati, derived its name. The Crathis and Sybaris now join about 14 miles from the sea. and Sybaris.Now Cochile. Its founder was Is . . . .Koray objected to the old reading, o\ )Iseliken\s, and proposed instead Oi)s. . . . (Elikeu\s; Groskurd thought it better to translate it Ihr Erbauer war Is .....aus He li
Acanthus (*)/Akanqos), the Lacedaemonian, was victor in the di/aulos and the do/lixos in the Olympic games in Ol. 15, (B. C. 720,) and according to some accounts was the first who ran naked in these games. (Paus. 5.8.3; Dionys. A. R. 7.72; African. apud Euseb. p. 143.) Other accounts ascribe this to Orsippus the Megarian. [ORSIPPUS.] Thucydides says that the Lacedaemonians were the first who contended naked in gymnastic games. (1.6
e Philol. Museum, vol. ii. pp. 51, 52.) As to the first Messenian war, thus much appears from Tyrtaeus, that Theopompus was mainly instrumental in bringing it to a successful issue, though the inference of Pausanias, that he lived to complete the actual subjugation of Messenia, is more than the words of the poet warrant. They are, however, inconsistent with the date which Eusebius assigns to the death of Theopompus, viz. B. C. 740. Clinton gives, for the duration of his reign, about B. C. 770-720. But we can arrive at no certainty in the chronology of this period. According to the Messenian account, Theopompus was slain, not long before the end of the war, by Aristomenes, while the Spartan tradition was, that he was only wounded by him. We are accustomed, indeed, to regard Aristomenes as the hero of the second war; but this, after all, is a doubtful point. (Paus. 4, 6, &c.; Plut. Agis. 21 ; Müller, Dor. App. ix.; Clint. F. H. vol. ii. App. ch. 3; Grote's Greece vol. ii. pp. 558, 559.)